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5 Signs Your Trauma Wound Is Triggered

Video vocabulary

with

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US / wɪð /

UK / wɪð, wɪθ /

A1
  • preposition
  • As an employee of a certain company
  • Against something or someone
  • By using something as a means
  • Due to; because of
  • Including
  • Possessing as a feature
  • Related to
  • (Of the manner/attitude by which you do something)
  • Used to express that people or things are together

could

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US / kəd /

UK / kʊd /

A1
  • other
  • Past form of 'can' to mean have ability
  • Used to ask for something politely, or to offer

know

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US / nəʊ /

UK / noʊ /

A1
  • verb
  • To be familiar with a person or place, thing
  • To feel sure or be convinced about something
  • To discover or be aware of something
  • To be able to distinguish
  • To have knowledge of things

often

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US / ˈɔfən /

UK / ˈɔfən,ˈɑfən,ˈɔftən,ˈɑf- /

A1
  • adverb
  • Many times; frequently; on many occasions

accord

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US / ə'kɔ:d /

UK / əˈkɔ:rd /

B1
  • noun
  • Agreement or harmony
  • An agreement or treaty between countries
  • verb
  • To be in harmony or agreement; consent
  • To give (someone) the respect due to them

behavioural

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US / bɪ'heɪvjərəl /

UK / bɪ'heɪvjərəl /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Way something acts; manner

expert

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US / 'ekspɜ:t /

UK / ˈɛkˌspɚt /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Having special knowledge or skill
  • noun
  • Skillful person with special knowledge

negative

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US / 'neɡətɪv /

UK / ˈnɛɡətɪv /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Being harmful, unwanted or unhelpful
  • In mathematics, being less than zero
  • Focusing on the bad aspects; pessimistic
  • noun
  • The opposite to a positive electrical charge
  • In grammar, containing words such as 'no' or 'not'
  • Reply to a question or statement that means 'no'
  • Image on camera film used to make a photo

see

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US / si: /

UK / si /

A1
  • verb
  • To go on a date with someone
  • To predict whether something is, or will be true
  • To understand what someone says
  • To use your eyes to look at something
  • To visit a place often for sightseeing or pleasure
  • To visit or meet with someone
  • To find out by waiting or looking
  • To watch (a game, movie or TV show)

serve

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US / sɜ:v /

UK / sɚv /

A2
  • verb
  • To act in a particular position or office
  • To hit the first ball to an opponent in tennis etc.
  • To be used for a particular purpose
  • To give someone food or drinks
  • To give a person or group a service that is needed
  • To spend a particular amount of time in prison
  • To help customers find products and making sales
  • To give an official paper to appear in court

work

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US / wɜ:k /

UK / wɚk /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Activity completed in order to make money
  • noun
  • The product of some artistic or literary endeavor
  • Everything created by an author, artist, musician
  • Activity you do in order to make money
  • Place of employment
  • Final product or result of a some labor or effort
  • verb
  • To bring into a specific state of success
  • To be functioning properly, e.g. a car
  • To do your job in your company or workplace
  • To make an effort to do something
  • To operate a machine or device

bit

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US / bɪt /

UK / bɪt /

A1
  • noun
  • Device put in a horse's mouth to control it
  • Small piece of something
  • verb
  • (E.g. of fish) to take bait and be caught

look

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US / lʊk /

UK / lʊk /

A1
  • noun
  • Person's beauty or physical attractiveness
  • Particular style of dress, clothes, or appearance
  • The way someone, something appears to be
  • Act of searching for or examining something
  • verb
  • To appear to be; seem

snap

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US / snæp /

UK / snæp /

B1
  • noun
  • An informal word for a photograph
  • verb
  • To close your mouth quickly like biting something
  • To break something dry and thin, e.g. a branch
  • To lose control of your emotions; get angry

anger

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US / ˈæŋgə(r) /

UK / ˈæŋɡɚ /

A2
  • noun
  • Feelings of being upset, mad or annoyed
  • A strong feeling we can get if we think we're being treated badly
  • verb
  • To make someone mad, upset, or annoyed

fear

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US / fɪə(r) /

UK / fɪr /

A1
  • noun
  • Unpleasant feeling caused by being aware of danger
  • verb
  • To be afraid of or nervous about something

sleep

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US / sli:p /

UK / slip /

A1
  • noun
  • Substance in a person's eyes after waking up
  • Period of time during which a person is asleep
  • verb
  • To have enough beds for
  • To rest your body in bed, as at night time

they

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US / ðeɪ /

UK / ðe /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Two or more people, animals, or things

stephanie

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US / ˈstɛfəniː /

UK / ˈstɛfəni /

A1

very

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US / 'verɪ /

UK / ˈvɛri /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Concerning a large degree or amount
  • adverb
  • A lot; much; many
  • Used to stress or emphasize a noun

bring

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US / brɪŋ /

UK / brɪŋ /

A1
  • verb
  • To take or go with someone to a place

cuddly

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US / ˈkʌdli /

UK / ˈkʌdli /

B2
  • adjecitve
  • That makes you want to bug them; plump or friendly

link

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US / lɪŋk /

UK / lɪŋk /

A2
  • noun
  • Any one of the rings that are part of a chain
  • Connection between two or more things or people
  • Webpage item you click to go to another webpage
  • verb
  • To join or connect together

slight

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US / slaɪt /

UK / slaɪt /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Small (amount, quality)
  • Appearing thin, delicate and physically weak
  • noun
  • Rude and disrepectful treatment
  • verb
  • To ignore or treat rudely and with no respect

take

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US / teɪk /

UK / tek /

A1
  • noun
  • Filming of a single scene for TV or the movies
  • verb
  • To accept something that is offered
  • To use a method of traveling, e.g. a bus or train
  • To use a camera to make (a photo)
  • To pick up something and go away with it
  • To study a subject in school
  • To attempt to pass (an exam)
  • To require a certain amount of time, money, space

all

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US / ɔ:l /

UK / ɔl /

A1
  • adverb
  • Completely; totally
  • determiner
  • Being every one of something
  • pronoun
  • 100% of something; the complete amount

common

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US / 'kɒmən /

UK / ˈkɑmən /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Shared; Belonging to or used by everyone
  • Typical, normal; not unusual
  • noun
  • Area in a city or town that is open to everyone
  • Field near a village owned by the local community

its

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US / ɪts /

UK / ɪts /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Referring to or belonging to ‘it’
  • determiner
  • Of something; belonging or related to something
  • other
  • Possessive form of “it”

professor

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US / prəˈfesə(r) /

UK / prəˈfɛsɚ /

A2
  • noun
  • Teacher who teaches at a college or university

return

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US / rɪ'tɜ:n /

UK / rɪ'tɜ:rn /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Do again; repeated
  • noun
  • Faulty or unwanted product sent back to a company
  • Enter key; the main key on the computer keyboard
  • Profit made as a result of a business activity
  • Process of going back to a previous way or state
  • verb
  • To hit something back to the other player or team
  • To come back after being away from somewhere
  • To repay someone's actions, kindness etc.
  • To put, bring, take, give, or send something back
  • To occur again

who

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US / hu: /

UK / hu /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Which person
  • Used to introduce information about people

leaf

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US / li:f /

UK / lif /

A2
  • noun
  • Page in a book
  • Green part of a tree or plant
  • verb
  • To look through pages in a book

move

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US / mu:v /

UK / muv /

A1
  • noun
  • Act of moving a playing piece in chess, etc.
  • An action; doing something
  • Step taken to achieve a goal
  • verb
  • To cause someone to have certain emotions
  • To cause something to change to a different place
  • To change where people live or a business operates
  • To take action to do or achieve something

their

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US / ðɛː /

UK / ðer /

A1
  • determiner
  • Belonging to them

symptom

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US / 'sɪmptəm /

UK / ˈsɪmtəm, ˈsɪmp- /

B1
  • noun
  • Sign that suggests that there is a problem

way

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US / weɪ /

UK / we /

A1
  • adverb
  • Used to emphasize the amount of something
  • noun
  • Particular aspect of something being thought about
  • One of various choices that could be made
  • Particular existing condition or state
  • (Often long) distance or length of time
  • How something is done
  • Route to go to a place
  • Small street
  • Usual behavior, emotions or habits of someone

both

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US / bəuθ /

UK / boθ /

A1
  • determiner
  • Used to refer to two things at the same time
  • pronoun
  • Used to refer to two things at the same time

lovable

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US / ˈlʌvəbl /

UK / ˈlʌvəbəl /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Arousing affection; funny; likeable

result

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US / rɪ'zʌlt /

UK / rɪˈzʌlt /

A2
  • noun
  • Something produced through tests or experiments
  • Final score of a competition, election or game
  • verb
  • To be the outcome of other causes and effects

ruminate

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US / ˈru:mɪneɪt /

UK / ˈruməˌnet /

A1
  • verb
  • Think about over and over; mull over

constantly

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US / ˈkɒnstəntli /

UK / ˈkɑnstəntlɪ /

B1
  • adverb
  • Frequently, or without pause

manifest

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US / 'mænɪfest /

UK / ˈmænəˌfɛst /

B1
  • noun
  • List of cargo on a ship
  • verb
  • To express or show clearly

list

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US / lɪst /

UK / lɪst /

A1
  • noun
  • Lean of a boat to one side
  • Series of written names, words or numbers
  • verb
  • To lean to one side, like a boat or ship
  • To present for sale for a specific price
  • To write a series of names, words, or numbers

another

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US / əˈnʌðə(r) /

UK / əˈnʌðɚ /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • One more, but not this
  • determiner
  • One more added
  • pronoun
  • One more (thing)

either

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US / ˈaɪðə(r) /

UK / ˈiðɚ, ˈaɪðɚ /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • One of two (used when there is a choice of two)
  • adverb
  • (After negative statements) likewise, in addition
  • conjunction
  • Used as the first of two connected things
  • determiner
  • Used as the first of two connected things
  • pronoun
  • The one or the other

here

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US / hɪə(r) /

UK / hɪr /

A1
  • adverb
  • In this place; at this location, position or time

try

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US / traɪ /

UK / traɪ /

A1
  • noun
  • Act of putting the ball over the rugby goal line
  • verb
  • To make an effort, to attempt to do something
  • To examine someone or something in a court of law
  • To test to see if it is good or you like it
  • To make a person go through hardship; test
  • To examine something to see if it works

realize

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US / 'ri:əlaɪz /

UK / ˈriəˌlaɪz /

A1
  • verb
  • To become aware of or understand mentally

prioritize

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US / praɪˈɒrətaɪz /

UK / praɪˈɔ:rətaɪz /

B1
  • verb
  • To rank things in importance

wright

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US / rait /

UK / raɪt /

A1
  • other
  • Influential United States architect
  • Someone who makes or repairs something (usually used in combination)

telltale

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US / ˈtelteɪl /

UK / ˈtɛlˌtel /

C2
  • noun
  • Someone who discloses information intentionally

stimulus

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US / ˈstɪmjələs /

UK / ˈstɪmjələs /

B2
  • noun
  • Something that causes a change

matter

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US / 'mætə(r) /

UK / ˈmætɚ /

A1
  • noun
  • Material all things are made of that fills space
  • Problem or reason for concern
  • verb
  • To be of great importance; to count

sweaty

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US / 'swetɪ /

UK / ˈswɛti /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Covered in sweat, or smelling of sweat

feel

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US / fi:l /

UK / fil /

A1
  • verb
  • To be aware of or experience an emotion, sensation
  • To sense through direct contact; touch

past

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US / pɑ:st /

UK / pæst /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • No longer current or new
  • adverb
  • So as to go beyond, or further than something
  • noun
  • Time that existed before now, e.g. long ago
  • preposition
  • After a particular time
  • At a later point in distance; beyond

memory

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US / 'memərɪ /

UK / ˈmɛməri /

A2
  • noun
  • Ability of the mind to call back past things
  • Space for the storage of information on a computer
  • Something that has been remembered

relive

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US / ˌri:'lɪv /

UK / riˈlɪv /

C1
  • verb
  • To remember a past time or event

too

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US / tu: /

UK / tu /

A1
  • adverb
  • In addition, also; with emphasis
  • Say that something is more than you want

associate

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US / ə'səʊʃɪeɪt /

UK / əˈsoʊʃiˌeɪt /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Part of a job title indicating a junior position
  • noun
  • Partner in professional work, e.g. in law
  • verb
  • To spend time with other people; mix with
  • To form a connection in your mind between things

day

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US / deɪ /

UK / de /

A1
  • noun
  • A period of 24 hours beginning at midnight
  • The period of time when it is light outside
  • Person's name

certain

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US / ˈsə:tn /

UK / ˈsɚtn /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Definite, fixed
  • Referring to an unspecified amount or quantity
  • Being sure about something; without doubt

develop

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US / dɪ'veləp /

UK / dɪˈvɛləp /

A1
  • verb
  • To explain something in steps and in detail
  • To create or think of something
  • To grow bigger, more complex, or more advanced
  • To make a photograph from film

explain

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US / ɪk'spleɪn /

UK / ɪkˈsplen /

A1
  • verb
  • To make clear or easy to understand by describing

point

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US / pɔɪnt /

UK / pɔɪnt /

A1
  • noun
  • An item to be discussed
  • Small spot or dot
  • Fact or detail
  • Feature of something
  • The size of the text on a page or screen
  • A certain time or stage in a process
  • Certain position in time or space
  • Idea or fact you try to convince people about
  • Measurement of scores in a game, sport
  • Sharp end of something, e.g. a pen or pin
  • verb
  • To face a certain direction, e.g. north
  • To indicate something with your finger to others

nurse

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US / nɜ:s /

UK / nɜ:rs /

A2
  • noun
  • Person trained to care for sick or injured people
  • verb
  • To care for and look after someone who is sick
  • To keep holding a bad feeling about someone
  • To drink/allow (baby) to drink milk from breast

someone

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US / ˈsʌmwʌn /

UK / ˈsʌmˌwʌn, -wən /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Person who is not known or named

unconstrained

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US / ˌʌnkən'streɪnd /

UK / ˌʌnkən'streɪnd /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Free from constraint; without limits; unrestricted

after

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US / 'ɑ:ftə(r) /

UK / ˈæftɚ /

A1
  • adverb
  • Later than another time, or behind something
  • conjunction
  • Following something before
  • preposition
  • When an event happened or time has passed

always

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US / 'ɔ:lweɪz /

UK / ˈɔlwez,-wɪz,-wiz /

A1
  • adverb
  • For a very long time
  • At all times; in every situation
  • For ever

many

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US / 'menɪ /

UK / ˈmɛni /

A1
  • determiner
  • Used to refer a large number of things

ourselves

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US / ɑ:ˈselvz /

UK / aʊrˈsɛlvz, ɑr- /

A2
  • pronoun
  • (Showing speaker is affected by their own action)

overcome

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US / ˌəʊvə'kʌm /

UK / ˌovɚˈkʌm /

A2
  • verb
  • To succeed in a struggle against; defeat

regulate

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US / ˈregjuleɪt /

UK / ˈrɛɡjəˌlet /

A2
  • verb
  • To control something with rules or laws
  • To set/adjust (a clock, etc.); restrict motion in

seth

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US / seɪt /

UK / seɪt /

A1
  • other
  • (Old Testament) Third son of Adam and Eve; given by God in place of the murdered Abel

will

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US / wɪl /

UK / wɪl /

A1
  • noun
  • Desire or choice of someone
  • Document saying who gets your money when you die
  • Strong desire to do something; determination
  • Desire to do something; strong wish to do
  • other
  • Used with verbs to express the future
  • verb
  • To leave property to someone after your death
  • To use mental effort to make something happen
  • Am (is, are) likely to do
  • To influence someone to do something
  • To make something happen by strongly wanting it

ask

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US / ɑ:sk /

UK / æsk /

A1
  • verb
  • To say to someone that you want something

unique

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US / jʊ'ni:k /

UK / juˈnik /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Unlike other things; being the only one like it

yourself

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US / jɔ:ˈself /

UK / jʊrˈsɛlf, jɔr-, jor-, jə- /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Reflexive form of 'you', used for an emphasis

insomnia

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US / ɪnˈsɒmniə /

UK / ɪnˈsɑ:mniə /

C1
  • noun
  • Inability to sleep for many nights

head

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US / hed /

UK / hɛd /

A1
  • noun
  • Counter for the number of cattle
  • Natural mental ability or intelligence
  • Leader or person with the greatest authority
  • Mind; mental ability; mental state
  • Side of a coin with a head on it
  • Top part of your body with eyes and a mouth
  • Starting point of something, e.g. a river
  • verb
  • To hit a ball with your head in a game
  • To be first or at the front or top (e.g. a list)
  • To travel or move toward a particular place; To go in a particular direction
  • To become the leader of something
  • To lead or be responsible for something

spirit

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US / 'spɪrɪt /

UK / ˈspɪrɪt /

A2
  • noun
  • Person's strong determination or attitude
  • Unique qualities of person, place, or time
  • Part of a person thought to be moved by religion
  • Appearance or sense of a dead person
  • verb
  • To take someone away as if by magic

brighten

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US / 'braɪtn /

UK / ˈbraɪtn: /

A2
  • verb
  • To add more light to; make more colorful

for

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US / fə(r) /

UK / fɔr,fə /

A1
  • preposition
  • Used to show the purpose, or need of something

reminder

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US / rɪˈmaɪndə(r) /

UK / rɪˈmaɪndər /

A2
  • noun
  • Something that causes one to remember something

through

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US / θru: /

UK / θru /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • having finished using or doing something
  • adverb
  • From the beginning of something until the end
  • preposition
  • Over, in, across an entire thing or place
  • Allowing you to pass between, or to
  • By a particular way or process; by the use of

time

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US / taɪm /

UK / taɪm /

A1
  • noun
  • Speed at which music is played; tempo
  • Point as shown on a clock, e.g. 3 p.m
  • Number of hours, minutes needed to do something
  • Occasion when something happens
  • Period or occasion that something occurred
  • Period in history or the past
  • Something measured in minutes, hours, days, etc.
  • How long an event takes; duration
  • verb
  • To check speed at which music is performed
  • To choose a specific moment to do something
  • To measure how long an event takes, e.g. a race
  • To schedule something to occur at a specific moment

why

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US / waɪ /

UK / hwaɪ, waɪ /

A1
  • adverb
  • Question word to ask for a reason
  • exclamation
  • (Used to express surprise or approval)

cognitive

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US / ˈkɒgnətɪv /

UK / ˈkɑɡnɪtɪv /

C1
  • adjecitve
  • The process of knowing and remembering

define

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US / dɪ'faɪn /

UK / dɪˈfaɪn /

A2
  • verb
  • To explain the meaning of words
  • To set or mark the limits of something

those

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US / ðəʊz /

UK / ðoz /

A1
  • determiner
  • The people or things we are talking about
  • pronoun
  • The objects far from the speaker

victim

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US / ˈvɪktɪm /

UK / ˈvɪktɪm /

B1
  • noun
  • Person/thing affected by an unpleasant event
  • Person/animal killed and offered as a sacrifice
  • Person feeling helpless in times of bad luck
  • Person who is tricked or made to suffer

begin

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US / bɪ'ɡɪn /

UK / ˈbeɡɪn /

A1
  • verb
  • To do the first part of an action; to start

linger

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US / ˈlɪŋgə(r) /

UK / ˈlɪŋɡɚ /

B2
  • verb
  • To take your time doing something; hang around

negatively

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US / 'neɡətɪvlɪ /

UK / ˈnɛɡətɪvlɪ /

B1
  • adverb
  • In a harmful, unwanted or unhelpful manner

relax

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US / rɪˈlæks /

UK / rɪˈlæks /

A1
  • verb
  • To calm or quiet yourself, or stop worrying
  • To release the tightness in muscles
  • To make a rule or law less strict

such

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US / sʌtʃ /

UK / sʌtʃ /

A1
  • determiner
  • Being similar to
  • (Thing) as previously stated or referred to
  • adverb
  • (Used to emphasize the quality of an adjective)

trauma

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US / 'trɔ:mə /

UK / ˈtraʊmə /

B2
  • noun
  • A very severe or upsetting experience
  • Serious injury to part of the body

individual

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US / ˌɪndɪˈvɪdʒuəl /

UK / ˌɪndəˈvɪdʒuəl /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Made for use by one single person
  • Having a distinct manner different from others
  • noun
  • Single person, looked at separately from others

much

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US / mʌtʃ /

UK / mʌtʃ /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Very; to a high level or degree
  • adverb
  • A lot; large amount; a high degree of
  • Nearly; basically
  • On many occasions; often
  • noun
  • A large amount; a great quantity

specialize

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US / ˈspeʃəlaɪz /

UK / ˈspɛʃəˌlaɪz /

A2
  • verb
  • To focus on one area of a field or profession
  • To change to fit your environment
  • To name something individually

strong

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US / strɒŋ /

UK / strɔŋ /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • (Of tea or beer) dark or thick
  • Having big muscles; physically powerful

blame

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US / bleɪm /

UK / blem /

A2
  • noun
  • Act of saying someone did something bad
  • verb
  • To say someone is responsible for something bad

fully

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US / 'fʊlɪ /

UK / ˈfʊli /

A1
  • adverb
  • Completely or entirely

matthew

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US / ˈmæθjuː /

UK / ˈmæθju /

A1

talk

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US / tɔ:k /

UK / tɔk /

A1
  • noun
  • Style of speaking
  • Discussion between two countries
  • Giving information in front of people; lecture
  • Saying things or ideas to someone with words
  • verb
  • To make a formal speech about something
  • To say things or ideas to someone with words

tension

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US / 'tenʃn /

UK / ˈtɛnʃən /

A2
  • noun
  • Feeling of anxiety and inability to relax
  • Degree to which something is stretched tight

difficult

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US / 'dɪfɪkəlt /

UK / ˈdɪfɪˌkʌlt, -kəlt /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Hard; not easy; you need to work hard to do it

green

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US / gri:n /

UK / ɡrin /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Color of young leaves
  • Covered with vegetation, e.g. grass
  • Concerned about protecting the environment
  • The color of young leaves
  • Lacking in experience/knowledge due to being young
  • Being not fully grown or ripe, as in fruit
  • noun
  • Large grassy area
  • used as a part of a name of a place (UK)

manifestation

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US / ˌmænɪfeˈsteɪʃn /

UK / ˌmænəfɛˈsteʃən /

B1
  • noun
  • Clear sign or evidence something exists

situation

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US / ˌsɪtʃuˈeɪʃn /

UK / ˌsɪtʃuˈeʃən /

A1
  • noun
  • Place, position or area that something is in
  • Circumstance or condition surrounding an event
  • An unexpected problem or difficulty

thumb

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US / θʌm /

UK / θʌm /

B1
  • noun
  • Part of a glove that goes over the thumb
  • The short, thick finger on the side of your hand
  • verb
  • To use your thumb to request a ride in a car
  • To casually look through a book, magazine etc.

subconscious

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US / ˌsʌbˈkɒnʃəs /

UK / sʌbˈkɑnʃəs /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Occurring in the mind without direct thinking

happy

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US / ˈhæpi /

UK / ˈhæpi /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Feeling pleasure or joy; glad

may

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US / meɪ /

UK / me /

A1
  • noun
  • 5th month of the year
  • other
  • Used to express a desire
  • Expresses permission, possibility or probability
  • Used to show that a thing could be true

nightmare

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US / ˈnaɪtmeə(r) /

UK / ˈnaɪtˌmɛr /

A2
  • noun
  • Frightening, difficult or displeasing experience
  • Frightening or upsetting dream while sleeping

ready

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US / 'redɪ /

UK / ˈrɛdi /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being likely or about to do something
  • Being willing to do a task
  • verb
  • To prepare something for use or action

this

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US / ðɪs /

UK / ðɪs /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Used to indicate something already been discussed
  • Used to indicate something happening around now
  • adverb
  • An indication by a physical motion or gesture
  • A specific amount of
  • determiner
  • Person, thing, or idea near you
  • pronoun
  • Person, thing that has already been discussed

actively

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US / 'æktɪvlɪ /

UK / 'æktɪvlɪ /

A2
  • adverb
  • Doing things to achieve a specific goal

bad

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US / bæd /

UK / bæd /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Not good; wrong
  • Lacking in good morals; evil
  • No longer fresh; spoiled

intense

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US / ɪn'tens /

UK / ɪnˈtɛns /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Very strong, great or extreme in degree

positivity

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US / ˌpɒzɪ'tɪvɪtɪ /

UK / ˌpɒzə'tɪvətɪ /

B2
  • noun
  • Tendency to be positive or accepting

although

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US / ɔ:lˈðəu /

UK / ɔlˈðo /

A1
  • conjunction
  • Despite the fact that; however

heal

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US / hi:l /

UK / hi:l /

B1
  • verb
  • To recover from or forget a bad experience
  • To make or become healthy or well again

make

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US / meɪk /

UK / mek /

A1
  • noun
  • Product made by a particular company; brand
  • verb
  • To arrange or prepare something e.g. dinner
  • To get to (a place) on time
  • To gain the status of (teacher, lawyer, etc.)
  • To create something by putting things together
  • To earn a certain amount of money at a job
  • To cause or force a person to do something
  • To cause something to happen or be formed

hesitate

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US / 'hezɪteɪt /

UK / 'hezɪteɪt /

B1
  • verb
  • To pause because unsure or reluctant to do

little

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US / 'lɪtl /

UK / ˈlɪtl /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being short in length of time
  • Not great in size, amount, or degree; small
  • Being very young or younger than others
  • adverb
  • By an amount or degree that is not very much
  • Not often; rarely
  • noun
  • A person's name

mention

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US / 'menʃn /

UK / ˈmɛnʃən /

A2
  • noun
  • Act of referring to or talking about something
  • verb
  • To refer to or talk or write about something

researcher

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US / rɪ'sɜ:tʃə(r) /

UK / rɪˈsətʃɚ /

A2
  • noun
  • Someone who works to find new facts and ideas

the

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US / ðə /

UK / ðə /

A1
  • article
  • Used to refer to something already mentioned
  • Used to show there is only one of something
  • determiner
  • Used to describe all of a family

also

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US / 'ɔ:lsəʊ /

UK / ˈɔlso /

A1
  • adverb
  • In addition; too; in a similar way

depression

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US / dɪ'preʃn /

UK / dɪˈprɛʃən /

B2
  • noun
  • Medical condition of a lack of vitality
  • Period of unemployment and low economic activity

critical

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US / ˈkrɪtɪkl /

UK / ˈkrɪtɪkəl /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Making a negative judgment of something
  • Being important or serious; vital; dangerous
  • Most important part

five

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US / faɪv /

UK / faɪv /

A1
  • number
  • 5

you

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US / jʊ /

UK / ju /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Person someone is speaking or writing to
  • Person or people in general

clench

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US / klentʃ /

UK / klɛntʃ /

B2
  • verb
  • To hold something tightly; to make a fist

overwhelming

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US / ˌəʊvəˈwelmɪŋ /

UK / ˌovɚˈhwɛlmɪŋ, -ˈwɛl- /

B2
  • adjecitve
  • Having too much to handle (e.g. work)
  • verb
  • To defeat something or someone completely
  • To affect someone emotionally in a strong way
  • To cause to have too much to handle (e.g. work)

psychological

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US / ˌsaɪkəˈlɒdʒɪkl /

UK / ˌsaɪkəˈlɑdʒɪkəl /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Concerning the study of the mind
  • Concerning psychology

love

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US / lʌv /

UK / lʌv /

A1
  • noun
  • Person's name
  • A very strong feeling of affection
  • The person you care very deeply about
  • Strong, deep emotional and sexual attraction
  • verb
  • To care for and like someone very strongly, deeply
  • To like doing very much; enjoy greatly
  • To feel a strong emotional and romantic attraction

one

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US / wʌn /

UK / wʌn /

A1
  • pronoun
  • You; we; people in general; someone
  • The thing or person previously referred to
  • adjecitve
  • Used to refer to people generally
  • Being a strong example of (something mentioned)
  • number
  • Number 1

unnecessary

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US / ʌnˈnesəsəri /

UK / ʌnˈnesəseri /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Being more than needed or not needed

effective

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US / ɪˈfektɪv /

UK / ɪˈfɛktɪv /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Working efficiently to produce a desired result

live

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US / lɪv /

UK / liv /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being broadcast as events happen, not recorded
  • Carrying electric current; able to give a shock
  • Glowing because burning; hot
  • Not yet killed (for food)
  • adverb
  • (Music, drama) as it is performed
  • verb
  • To be alive
  • To experience a particular type of life
  • To make your home in a house or town

physical

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US / ˈfɪzɪkl /

UK / ˈfɪzɪkəl /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Concerning the body of a person
  • Concerning things that can be seen or touched
  • noun
  • Health check at the doctors' or hospital

belief

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US / bɪˈli:f /

UK / bɪˈlif /

A1
  • noun
  • Being sure that something exists or is true
  • Trust in an idea or set of ideas
  • A particular opinion about something

not

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US / nɒt /

UK / nɑt /

A1
  • adverb
  • Word indicating the negative
  • (Used to form the negative of verbs)

our

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US / 'aʊə(r) /

UK / aʊr /

A1
  • determiner
  • Belonging to us

themselves

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US / ðəmˈselvz /

UK / ðɛmˈsɛlvz, ðəm- /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Reflexive form of 'they'

box

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US / bɒks /

UK / bɑ:ks /

A1
  • noun
  • A marked area of a baseball field
  • A container with four straight sides and a lid
  • Area of seating in a theater separated from others
  • A 4 sided container or shape printed on a page
  • Entire amount of something inside a container
  • verb
  • To strike someone on the side of the head
  • To pack an object in a six-sided container
  • To fight with gloved hands as a sport

inadequate

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US / ɪnˈædɪkwət /

UK / ɪnˈædɪkwɪt /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Unsatisfactory; not good enough; not enough

palm

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US / pɑ:m /

UK / pɑ:m /

B1
  • noun
  • Inner area of a person's hand
  • Tropical tree with large leaves only at its top
  • verb
  • To hide something in your hand
  • To push someone way with your hand

please

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US / pli:z /

UK / pliz /

A1
  • adverb
  • Used when you politely ask people for things
  • verb
  • To entertain someone, by dancing, singing etc.
  • To make someone happy by doing something

become

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US / bɪ'kʌm /

UK / bɪˈkʌm /

A1
  • verb
  • To begin to be; grow to be; develop into
  • To be suitable for a particular job or role

distrust

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US / dɪs'trʌst /

UK / dɪsˈtrʌst /

B2
  • noun
  • Feeling of having no faith in a person/thing
  • verb
  • To not trust someone or something

dream

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US / dri:m /

UK / drim /

A1
  • noun
  • A wish or hope for something to happen
  • Imagination or image of something you want
  • Images, thoughts, feelings experienced when asleep
  • verb
  • To wish for something to happen
  • To experience thoughts, images while asleep

feeling

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US / ˈfi:lɪŋ /

UK / ˈfilɪŋ /

A1
  • noun
  • Sensation or emotion you experience
  • verb
  • To be aware of or experience an emotion, sensation
  • To sense through direct contact; touch

helpful

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US / ˈhelpfl /

UK / ˈhɛlpfəl /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Doing things that help someone

subscribe

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US / səb'skraɪb /

UK / səbˈskraɪb /

B1
  • verb
  • To regularly pay to receive a service

but

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US / bət /

UK / bʌt,bət /

A1
  • conjunction
  • Used before you say something different, opposite

give

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US / ɡɪv /

UK / ɡɪv /

A1
  • noun
  • Degree of flexibility in something, a material
  • verb
  • To hand over or present something to someone
  • To cause someone to have or experience something

life

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US / laɪf /

UK / laɪf /

A1
  • noun
  • All the living things e.g. animals, plants, humans
  • Period of time things live, from birth to death

wound

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US / waʊnd /

UK / waʊnd /

A2
  • noun
  • Sadness or displeasure caused by a bad memory
  • Physical injury, especially that suffered in war
  • verb
  • To rotate a part of say a watch to make it work
  • To hurt someone emotionally
  • To injure someone in a fight with a knife gun etc.

can

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US / kæn /

UK / kən,kæn /

A1
  • noun
  • A metal container for storing food
  • other
  • Able to; have the skill to; have the time to
  • verb
  • To have permission to
  • To be possible to do
  • To preserve food by sealing it in a metal container

description

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US / dɪˈskrɪpʃn /

UK / dɪˈskrɪpʃən /

A2
  • noun
  • Explanation of what something is like, looks like

effect

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US / ɪ'fekt /

UK / ɪˈfɛkt /

A1
  • noun
  • An advantage, benefit
  • Change brought about by a cause; result

sense

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US / sens /

UK / sɛns /

A1
  • noun
  • Certain mental feeling or emotion
  • Normal or clear state of mind
  • Meaning of a particular word, phrase or text
  • verb
  • To perceive using sight, sound, taste touch etc.
  • To recognize the presence of something

whether

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US / ˈweðə(r) /

UK / ˈhwɛðɚ, ˈwɛð- /

A1
  • conjunction
  • If something will happen or not

experience

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US / ɪk'spɪərɪəns /

UK / ɪkˈspɪriəns /

A1
  • noun
  • Thing a person has done or that happened to them
  • An event at which you learned something
  • Knowledge gained by living life, doing new things
  • verb
  • To gain knowledge by doing things

friend

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US / frend /

UK / frɛnd /

A1
  • noun
  • Person who you like and enjoy being with

now

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US / naʊ /

UK / naʊ /

A1
  • adverb
  • At the present time or moment
  • Right away or in the next possible moment
  • Used to refer to something that just happened
  • Time between the present and a moment in the past
  • conjunction
  • Resulting from or because of something

outburst

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US / ˈaʊtbɜ:st /

UK / ˈaʊtˌbə:st /

B2
  • noun
  • Sudden expression of anger or increase of activity

anxiety

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US / æŋ'zaɪətɪ /

UK / æŋˈzaɪɪti /

B1
  • noun
  • Fear about what might happen; worry

avoid

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US / ə'vɔɪd /

UK / əˈvɔɪd /

A2
  • verb
  • To prevent from happening
  • To stay away from

renewal

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US / rɪˈnju:əl /

UK / rɪˈnu:əl /

B1
  • noun
  • Action of making something more modern or like new

significant

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US / sɪgˈnɪfɪkənt /

UK / sɪɡˈnɪfɪkənt /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Large enough to be noticed or have an effect
  • Having meaning; important; noticeable
  • (Statistics) being clearly different

video

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US / 'vɪdɪəʊ /

UK / ˈvɪdiˌo /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Of a moving film, with sound
  • noun
  • Recording capturing action with sound
  • verb
  • To make a moving film of, with sound

want

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US / wɔnt /

UK / wɑnt, wɔnt /

A1
  • noun
  • Something you desire or wish for
  • State or condition of poverty
  • verb
  • To desire or wish for something; hope for a thing

block

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US / blɒk /

UK / blɑk /

A2
  • noun
  • Solid piece of material used for building
  • A piece of wood, chocolate etc.
  • Hard piece of wood, stone etc. with straight edges
  • Building made up of offices or apartments
  • Area of a city divided by four streets
  • verb
  • To stop from going forward or making progress

down

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US / daʊn /

UK / daʊn /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being sad, sick, or unhappy
  • Not operating, working, or functioning as expected
  • adverb
  • In a sitting or lying position
  • Towards or on the ground, floor, or bottom
  • Written or copied onto a piece of paper or book
  • noun
  • A period of play in American Football
  • The soft, smooth hairs that cover a bird's body
  • preposition
  • Along something's path, course, or direction
  • Going from a higher position to a lower position
  • verb
  • To eat or drink very quickly and without stopping

find

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US / faɪnd /

UK / faɪnd /

A1
  • noun
  • Object discovered by chance
  • Things that have been discovered from searching
  • verb
  • To become aware of something that is happening
  • To discover or meet by chance
  • To decide if someone is guilty of a crime, or not
  • To learn through study, research, or effort
  • To discover something by looking for it

again

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US / ə'ɡen /

UK / əˈɡɛn /

A1
  • adverb
  • One more time, once more

about

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US / ə'baʊt /

UK / əˈbaʊt /

A1
  • adverb
  • To be ready to; going to
  • Nearly; approximately; roughly
  • Near; next to; close to
  • In every direction; in the area of
  • preposition
  • Concerning or of (a topic)

care

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US / keə(r) /

UK / kɛr /

A1
  • noun
  • Treatment you receive for your health or safety
  • Something that a person worries about
  • verb
  • To feel interest, concern, or worry
  • To look after someone or something

even

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US / 'i:vn /

UK / ˈivən /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being equal in influence, power, possibility etc.
  • Being divided equally or fairly
  • (Of teams/contest) with similar chances of success
  • Smooth, level, or regular
  • Can be divided by 2; ending in 2, 4, 6, 8, or 0
  • At a regular, equally steady manner
  • Remaining steady and unchanging
  • adverb
  • (When this is surprising) as well; too
  • (Used to compare two things/stress the difference)
  • verb
  • To make something level; to flatten
  • To make something equal

like

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US / laɪk /

UK / laɪk /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being equal in status or kind to something else
  • Similar; the same
  • adverb
  • For example
  • preposition
  • Used as a filler; used to ad emphasis
  • In a way similar to the way something is done
  • Such as; for example
  • verb
  • To want to
  • To find something pleasing; to prefer something

health

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US / helθ /

UK / hɛlθ /

A1
  • noun
  • (Person, company) being in a good condition; well

impact

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US / 'ɪmpækt /

UK / ˈɪmˌpækt /

A2
  • noun
  • A striking effect or result to hit with force
  • Very strong influence
  • Act or force of one thing hitting something else
  • verb
  • To hit or strike someone or something with force

reaction

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US / rɪ'ækʃn /

UK / riˈækʃən /

A2
  • noun
  • Bodily response to a drug or something eaten
  • Feeling or action in response to something

remind

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US / rɪ'maɪnd /

UK / rɪˈmaɪnd /

A2
  • verb
  • To cause someone to remember what they forgot

people

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US / 'pi:pl /

UK / ˈpipəl /

A1
  • noun
  • Persons sharing culture, country, background, etc.
  • Men, Women, Children

surrounding

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US / səˈraʊndɪŋ /

UK / səˈraʊndɪŋ /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Bring completed closed around on all sides
  • verb
  • To be all the way around something
  • To be closely connected to and have an effect on
  • To move closer on all sides of something

uncomfortable

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US / ʌnˈkʌmftəbl /

UK / ʌnˈkʌmfətəbəl, -ˈkʌmftə- /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Not being relaxed; worried about something

what

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US / wɒt /

UK / hwɑt, hwʌt, wɔt, wʌt,hwət, wət /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Thing or things that; the same kind as
  • Used to emphasize something you are about to say
  • adjecitve
  • Used to refer to a particular amount, or number
  • Used to place emphasis on a particular quality
  • adverb
  • To a certain degree
  • determiner
  • Question words used for asking for information
  • exclamation
  • Used to express excitement, shock, or surprise
  • Used to ask people to repeat something they said

that

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US / ðæt /

UK / ðæt, ðət /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • The person or thing being talked about
  • Used to identify something both the speakers know
  • adverb
  • Used to reinforce adjectives and adverbs
  • To such a degree
  • conjunction
  • Used to connect a noun clause
  • Used to introduce an adverbial clause
  • Used to introduce a noun clause
  • determiner
  • Used as a noun to refer to something
  • pronoun
  • Referring an object far away
  • Used to refer to the relative pronoun ‘which’

example

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US / ɪgˈzɑ:mpl /

UK / ɪɡˈzæmpəl /

A1
  • noun
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guilty

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UK / ˈɡɪlti /

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  • adjecitve
  • Responsible for doing something wrong

happen

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UK / ˈhæpən /

A1
  • verb
  • To take place or occur

aware

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UK / əˈwɛr /

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  • adjecitve
  • Knowing or feeling that something exists

difficulty

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US / ˈdɪfɪkəlti /

UK / ˈdɪfɪˌkʌlti, -kəl- /

A1
  • noun
  • Something that is hard to do

get

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US / ɡet /

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A1
  • verb
  • To become affected by illness or disease
  • To begin to feel or understand an emotion or idea
  • To send or bring someone or something home, etc.
  • To go somewhere to obtain something
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  • To obtain, receive or be given something
  • To currently have
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  • To understand something being said or read

irritable

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US / ˈɪrɪtəbl /

UK / ˈɪrɪtəbəl /

B2
  • adjecitve
  • Annoyed; easily annoyed or angered

own

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US / əʊn /

UK / on /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Belong to oneself
  • determiner
  • Yours, his, hers, etc.; not belonging to another
  • pronoun
  • (Something) belong to myself
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  • To have something as your property

place

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US / pleɪs /

UK / ples /

A1
  • noun
  • Particular location, area or region
  • verb
  • To put someone in a particular type of situation
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embody

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US / ɪmˈbɒdi /

UK / ɪmˈbɑ:di /

B2
  • verb
  • To make something into part of a body or system

growth

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US / grəʊθ /

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A2
  • noun
  • Improvement, development in a skill over time
  • A mass on the skin or body part related to illness
  • Act of growing

catch

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US / kætʃ /

UK / kætʃ, kɛtʃ /

A1
  • noun
  • Amount of something that has been caught
  • Trick or something trying to deceive
  • verb
  • To stop something flying and hold it
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  • To get sick or get a disease from someone else
  • To find someone to do something, a task
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tell

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  • verb
  • To (strongly) advise a person to do something
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last

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US / lɑ:st /

UK / læst /

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  • adjecitve
  • Most recent; the latest
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  • adverb
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  • verb
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have

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US / həv /

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  • verb
  • To drink, smoke, eat or use something
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michelle

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A1

neuropsychologist

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US / /

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  • noun
  • A clinical psychologist who specializes in assessing psychological status caused by a brain disorder

replay

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US / 'ri:pleɪ /

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A2
  • noun
  • Showing a recording, particularly a sports action
  • verb
  • To play a game again, as on a video

world

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US / wɜ:ld /

UK / wɜrld /

A1
  • noun
  • All the humans, events, activities on the earth
  • Political division due to some kind of similarity

guard

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US / ɡɑ:d /

UK / ɡɑrd /

A2
  • noun
  • Someone who watches a place or prevents escapes
  • verb
  • To keep watch over something to protect it

hypervigilance

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mind

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US / maɪnd /

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  • noun
  • One's opinion or way of thinking about something
  • Part of humans that allows us to think or feel
  • verb
  • To be bothered or upset by something
  • To take care of someone e.g. as a bodyguard

next

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US / nekst /

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  • adverb
  • The one that follows another in time or order
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raise

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US / reɪz /

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A1
  • noun
  • Increase in a bet above another when playing cards
  • Pay increase
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  • To increase a bet above another when playing cards
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uneasy

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US / ʌn'i:zɪ /

UK / ʌnˈizi /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Feeling worried, anxious or afraid about something

remember

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US / rɪ'membə(r) /

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  • verb
  • To give someone a gift, e.g. birthday, wedding
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symbolize

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US / 'sɪmbəlaɪz /

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B1
  • verb
  • To represent to show a thing's essential character

emotion

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US / iˈməuʃən /

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A2
  • noun
  • A feeling such as sadness, anger or love

weak

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A1
  • adjecitve
  • Not having a strong character
  • Less valuable compared to money of other countries
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  • (Of a drink) having lots of water and little taste

dangerous

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US / ˈdeɪndʒərəs /

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A1
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  • Involving the chance of hurt or damage; risky

muscle

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US / 'mʌsl /

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A2
  • noun
  • Physical power
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  • verb
  • To use or muscles of force to get what you want

process

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US / prə'ses /

UK / ˈprɑsˌɛs, ˈproˌsɛs /

A2
  • noun
  • Dealing with official forms in the way required
  • Set of changes that occur slowly and naturally
  • verb
  • To organize and use data in a computer
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  • To prepare by treating something in a certain way
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traumatic

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US / trɔ:ˈmætɪk /

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B2
  • adjecitve
  • Causing upsetting emotional effects over time
  • Causing an injury

elicit

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US / iˈlɪsɪt /

UK / ɪˈlɪsɪt /

B2
  • verb
  • To get an answer or reaction from

hurt

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US / hɜ:t /

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A1
  • noun
  • Mental, emotional, or physical pain
  • verb
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heartbeat

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US / ˈhɑ:tbi:t /

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C1
  • noun
  • Beat of your heart

mental

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US / ˈmentl /

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A2
  • adjecitve
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sometimes

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US / ˈsʌmtaɪmz /

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A1
  • adverb
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companion

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US / kəm'pænɪən /

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  • noun
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conflict

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US / 'kɒnflɪkt /

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  • noun
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  • verb
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finally

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US / ˈfaɪnəli /

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  • adverb
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  • After a long time or some difficulty

keep

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US / ki:p /

UK / kip /

A1
  • noun
  • Large, strong tower in the middle of a castle
  • Money spent on you so you can live in a place
  • verb
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  • To stay in a certain place or condition
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something

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US / ˈsʌmθɪŋ /

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  • adverb
  • In some degree or measure
  • noun
  • a person or thing of some value or consequence
  • pronoun
  • Thing that is not yet known or named
  • Approximately

anything

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US / ˈeniθɪŋ /

UK / ˈɛniˌθɪŋ /

A1
  • pronoun
  • A thing of any kind

from

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US / frəm /

UK / frʌm, frɑm,frəm /

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  • preposition
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out

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US / aʊt /

UK / aʊt /

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  • adverb
  • No longer stylish (e.g. fashion)
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  • verb
  • To tell people a secret

over

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US / 'əʊvə(r) /

UK / ˈovɚ /

A1
  • adverb
  • Finished; no longer happening
  • Towards the ground/away from a standing position
  • noun
  • A set of six consecutive balls bowled in cricket
  • other
  • Finished
  • preposition
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  • More than you need
  • From one side to the other
  • In the direction of; toward

wellbeing

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US / ˌwel'bi:ˌɪŋ /

UK / ˌwel'bi:ˌɪŋ /

C2
  • noun
  • State of being happy, healthy or prosperous

only

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US / ˈəunli /

UK / ˈonli /

A1
  • adverb
  • Just one; just that amount or thing; not more than
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  • Just that type of thing, person
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  • conjunction
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professional

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US / prə'feʃənl /

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A2
  • adjecitve
  • Of jobs such as doctor, lawyer, accountant, etc.
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  • noun
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  • One who plays a sport or similar activity as a job

thoughtful

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US / ˈθɔ:tfl /

UK / ˈθɔtfəl /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Concerned about needs and feelings of other people

trigger

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UK / ˈtrɪɡɚ /

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  • noun
  • Lever on a gun that you pull to fire
  • Device that starts a process
  • verb
  • To start a process off e.g. a memory

any

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US / 'enɪ /

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A1
  • adjecitve
  • One, or some, no matter which
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  • One (thing) of many; some

channel

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US / 'tʃænl /

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  • noun
  • Long hole dug in the ground, e.g. to move water
  • TV or radio station or its programs
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  • verb
  • To dig a long hole for carrying water
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  • To direct energy or feelings into something

effort

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US / ˈefət /

UK / ˈɛfət /

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  • noun
  • Amount of work used trying to do something

help

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US / help /

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  • noun
  • Something given to enable a person to do something
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  • verb
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think

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US / θɪŋk /

UK / θɪŋk /

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  • verb
  • To have an idea about something without certainty
  • To have an idea, opinion or belief about something

and

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US / ənd /

UK / ənd, ən,ænd /

A1
  • conjunction
  • Used to refer to two or more things
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  • Used to introduce an action that follows another

fixating

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US / ˈfɪkseɪtɪŋ /

UK / /

C2
  • verb
  • To intently focus attention on something

hope

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US / həʊp /

UK / hop /

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  • noun
  • When you wish something will happen; what you wish
  • verb
  • To expect and want something to happen

psychology

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US / saɪ'kɒlədʒɪ /

UK / saɪˈkɑlədʒi /

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  • noun
  • The study of the mind and how it affects behavior
  • Way in which a person or group thinks and behaves

until

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US / ənˈtɪl /

UK / ʌnˈtɪl /

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  • conjunction
  • Up to; to a time when something happens
  • preposition
  • Before (a specific time)

most

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US / məʊst /

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  • adverb
  • Very; extremely
  • Greatest possible degree
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  • Nearly all of something

carr

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US / kɑ: /

UK / kɑ: /

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  • noun
  • Fen woodland or scrub that is typically dominated by alder or willow.

guilt

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  • noun
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gift

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US / gɪft /

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  • noun
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leave

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  • noun
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  • verb
  • To go away from; depart
  • To gift property to someone after you die
  • To allow something to continue happening
  • To let something remain unused or available
  • To let something or someone remain somewhere
  • Introduction to Video Content
  • When we go through a traumatic experience, it can take significant time and effort to heal and move on from it. Sometimes, even when we think we're finally okay, trauma can still linger in ways we don't realize and leave us with psychological wounds that can be triggered in certain situations. Trauma triggers are stimuli that remind us of a past trauma and elicit strong emotional or behavioral reactions, making us feel as if we're reliving the trauma all over again. These triggers are unique to each individual and may not always be easy to recognize. In this article, we will discuss five psychology-backed signs that indicate your trauma wound is triggered.One sign that your trauma wound is triggered is having intrusive thoughts. According to cognitive behavioral therapist, Dr. Seth J. Gillahan, individuals with trauma often have intrusive thoughts associated with memories of the traumatic event. These thoughts may be actively suppressed, but they repeatedly resurface, replaying in their minds like a loop. While intrusive thoughts can be distressing, they are also a subconscious cry for help to work through unhealed trauma.Another indicator is experiencing nightmares or insomnia. When our trauma is still unresolved, our minds may use nightmares as a way to communicate that we are still hurting from the past trauma. Insomnia or difficulty sleeping can also be a result of frequently re-experiencing the trauma in our dreams, as explained by neuropsychologist, Dr. Michelle Carr.Emotional outbursts are also a common sign of a triggered trauma wound. These outbursts can be intense emotional reactions that seem disproportionate to the situation at hand. They may occur when we encounter a trigger that awakens painful memories and emotions associated with the trauma. It is important to note that these outbursts are not a sign of weakness but rather an indication that deeper healing is needed.Another sign is avoiding certain places, people, or activities that remind you of the trauma. This avoidance behavior is a defense mechanism to protect ourselves from potential triggers that may retraumatize us. By avoiding these reminders, we try to maintain a sense of safety and control. However, this avoidance can also hinder our healing process and limit our ability to fully engage with life.Lastly, physical symptoms such as rapid heartbeat, sweating, and trembling can also indicate that your trauma wound is triggered. When confronted with a trigger, our body's stress response is activated, leading to physiological symptoms. These physical manifestations are a result of the fight-or-flight response, indicating that our body is mobilizing to cope with the perceived threat.In conclusion, recognizing the signs that your trauma wound is triggered is crucial for your healing journey. By acknowledging and addressing these signs, you can take steps towards healing and building resilience. Remember that healing takes time and seeking professional help can provide valuable support in the process.
  • Subtitles section
  • When we go through a traumatic experience, it can take significant time and effort to heal and move on from it.
  • And sometimes even when we think we're finally okay, trauma can still linger in ways we don't realize and leave us with psychological wounds that can be triggered in certain situations.
  • Mental health care nurse, Stephanie A. Wright, defines trauma triggers as any stimulus that reminds us of a past trauma and elicits a strong emotional or behavioral reaction that may make us feel as if we're reliving that trauma all over again.
  • These triggers are unique to every individual and may not always be easy for us to recognize, says Wright.
  • With that said, here are five psychology-backed signs that your trauma wound is triggered, according to experts.
  • Intrusive thoughts.
  • According to cognitive behavioral therapist, Dr. Seth J. Gillahan, it's common for people with trauma to have intrusive thoughts.
  • Most often, these thoughts are associated with memories of the trauma that they will actively try to block out from their minds, only for it to return over and over again, replaying in their heads as if on a loop.
  • Having intrusive thoughts can be upsetting, but it's also a cry for help from your subconscious to work through your unhealed trauma.
  • Nightmares, insomnia.
  • Another telltale sign that your trauma wound is triggered is when you have trouble sleeping, either because of insomnia or bad dreams.
  • This is because nightmares are another way our minds try to tell us that we're still hurting from our past trauma.
  • And until we process it fully, we're likely to re-experience it in our dreams when our subconscious mind takes over and we may have difficulty sleeping, says neuropsychologist, Dr. Michelle Carr.
  • Emotional outbursts.
  • Aside from these cognitive effects we've mentioned, there are also effective manifestations of a triggered trauma wound, such as difficulty regulating one's emotions.
  • According to Dr. Gillahan, strong feelings of fear, anxiety, and anger are very common reactions to trauma.
  • And sometimes these feelings can be so overwhelming that they may result in intense emotional outbursts, like getting upset and snapping at people over even the littlest things.
  • People who have experienced trauma may also become more irritable and on edge long after the trauma-inducing event is over, but they may not always know why.
  • If you find this video relatable and helpful, please give the video a thumbs up and subscribe to the channel.
  • Now, moving on to the next point.
  • Hypervigilance.
  • When something triggers our trauma wound, like an uncomfortable situation or a conflict with a loved one, for example, we may begin to feel constantly on guard and hypervigilant, says Dr. Matthew Tull,
  • Professor of psychology and clinical researcher specializing in anxiety and PTSD.
  • We may find it difficult to relax, become more alert and aware of our surroundings and avoid anything that makes us feel even the slightest bit threatened or uneasy.
  • Sometimes this may even manifest as physical symptoms of sweaty palms, raising heartbeat and clenched jaw and muscle tension.
  • According to Dr. Tull, this is because we want to avoid getting hurt again and don't wanna be caught off guard.
  • Past trauma has made us distrust both ourselves and those around us and view the world as a dangerous place.
  • Guilt and self-loathing.
  • It's common to feel guilty after we experience a traumatic event, says Dr. Gillahan, and many will often ask themselves that there was more they could have done to avoid it, but fixating on these thoughts and ruminating too much on negative feelings can make us see ourselves as weak and inadequate and blame ourselves for what we went through.
  • This is why victims of trauma can sometimes develop depression, because of the emotional toll trauma can take on our self-esteem.
  • As with most trauma-related beliefs, explains Dr. Gillahan, we are often more critical of ourselves in hindsight and feel unnecessary guilt and self-loathing about our traumatic past.
  • It's a maladaptive, self-protective effort to avoid traumatic experiences in the future and to try to make sense of what happened to us in the past.
  • So what are your thoughts on this video?
  • Do any of the things we've talked about here resonate with you?
  • They do for me.
  • It's important to keep in mind that although trauma can negatively impact us in lasting and recurring ways, there's still hope for us to overcome it and heal the wounds it's left us with.
  • Trauma-informed care can help us live happier and more fulfilling lives, unconstrained by a traumatic past.
  • So don't hesitate to talk to someone about it or reach out to a mental health care professional today.
  • And as always, Psych2Goers, remember that you matter.
  • Till next time.
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