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Anti-Putin 'sabotage' groups attack Russian city on Ukraine border | ITV News

Video vocabulary

the

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US / ðə /

UK / ðə /

A1
  • article
  • Used to refer to something already mentioned
  • Used to show there is only one of something
  • determiner
  • Used to describe all of a family

be

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US / bɪ /

UK / bi /

A1
  • verb
  • Being

and

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US / ənd /

UK / ənd, ən,ænd /

A1
  • conjunction
  • Used to refer to two or more things
  • Plus; in addition; on top of that
  • Used to introduce an action that follows another

that

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US / ðæt /

UK / ðæt, ðət /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • The person or thing being talked about
  • Used to identify something both the speakers know
  • adverb
  • Used to reinforce adjectives and adverbs
  • To such a degree
  • conjunction
  • Used to connect a noun clause
  • Used to introduce an adverbial clause
  • Used to introduce a noun clause
  • determiner
  • Used as a noun to refer to something
  • pronoun
  • Referring an object far away
  • Used to refer to the relative pronoun ‘which’

have

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US / həv /

UK / hæv /

A1
  • verb
  • To drink, smoke, eat or use something
  • To experience the effects of something
  • To organize an event, or join in an activity
  • To own, possess, or hold something
  • To cause to happen or produce a particular effect

not

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US / nɒt /

UK / nɑt /

A1
  • adverb
  • Word indicating the negative
  • (Used to form the negative of verbs)

for

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US / fə(r) /

UK / fɔr,fə /

A1
  • preposition
  • Used to show the purpose, or need of something

this

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US / ðɪs /

UK / ðɪs /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Used to indicate something already been discussed
  • Used to indicate something happening around now
  • adverb
  • An indication by a physical motion or gesture
  • A specific amount of
  • determiner
  • Person, thing, or idea near you
  • pronoun
  • Person, thing that has already been discussed

with

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US / wɪð /

UK / wɪð, wɪθ /

A1
  • preposition
  • As an employee of a certain company
  • Against something or someone
  • By using something as a means
  • Due to; because of
  • Including
  • Possessing as a feature
  • Related to
  • (Of the manner/attitude by which you do something)
  • Used to express that people or things are together

about

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US / ə'baʊt /

UK / əˈbaʊt /

A1
  • adverb
  • To be ready to; going to
  • Nearly; approximately; roughly
  • Near; next to; close to
  • In every direction; in the area of
  • preposition
  • Concerning or of (a topic)

but

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US / bət /

UK / bʌt,bət /

A1
  • conjunction
  • Used before you say something different, opposite

they

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US / ðeɪ /

UK / ðe /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Two or more people, animals, or things

all

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US / ɔ:l /

UK / ɔl /

A1
  • adverb
  • Completely; totally
  • determiner
  • Being every one of something
  • pronoun
  • 100% of something; the complete amount

do

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US / du: /

UK / du /

A1
  • other
  • Question words for 'do' verbs
  • verb
  • To act; to perform actions
  • To be enough; to be acceptable
  • To have a certain effect on something or someone

like

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US / laɪk /

UK / laɪk /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being equal in status or kind to something else
  • Similar; the same
  • adverb
  • For example
  • preposition
  • Used as a filler; used to ad emphasis
  • In a way similar to the way something is done
  • Such as; for example
  • verb
  • To want to
  • To find something pleasing; to prefer something

from

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US / frəm /

UK / frʌm, frɑm,frəm /

A1
  • preposition
  • Starting at a particular place, time or level

see

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US / si: /

UK / si /

A1
  • verb
  • To go on a date with someone
  • To predict whether something is, or will be true
  • To understand what someone says
  • To use your eyes to look at something
  • To visit a place often for sightseeing or pleasure
  • To visit or meet with someone
  • To find out by waiting or looking
  • To watch (a game, movie or TV show)

want

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US / wɔnt /

UK / wɑnt, wɔnt /

A1
  • noun
  • Something you desire or wish for
  • State or condition of poverty
  • verb
  • To desire or wish for something; hope for a thing

now

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US / naʊ /

UK / naʊ /

A1
  • adverb
  • At the present time or moment
  • Right away or in the next possible moment
  • Used to refer to something that just happened
  • Time between the present and a moment in the past
  • conjunction
  • Resulting from or because of something

take

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US / teɪk /

UK / tek /

A1
  • noun
  • Filming of a single scene for TV or the movies
  • verb
  • To accept something that is offered
  • To use a method of traveling, e.g. a bus or train
  • To use a camera to make (a photo)
  • To pick up something and go away with it
  • To study a subject in school
  • To attempt to pass (an exam)
  • To require a certain amount of time, money, space

say

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US / seɪ /

UK / se /

A1
  • noun
  • Power to decide or greatly influence something
  • verb
  • To indicate or give information using language
  • To use words to tell your message
  • To ask someone to give information to others

these

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US / ði:z /

UK / ðiz /

A1
  • determiner
  • People, things, or ideas near you
  • pronoun
  • The objects near the speaker

into

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US / 'ɪntə /

UK / ˈɪntu /

A1
  • preposition
  • Moving or going inside something
  • In the same direction as; in the direction of
  • So as to become; taking the state of

well

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US / wel /

UK / wɛl /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being in a fortunate, good condition or state
  • Healthy and in good condition
  • adverb
  • In an acceptable, proper, or successful manner
  • In a complete, total, or full manner
  • A great and considerable degree
  • In a successful way, in a good or satisfactory way
  • exclamation
  • Used to begin or continue a particular statement
  • Used to show you want to start saying something
  • Used to express that you are waiting for a reply
  • You say this to change the topic of a conversation
  • Used to indicate you are making a final remark
  • noun
  • Long deep hole in the ground to get water
  • verb
  • To cause your eyes to fill with tears

very

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US / 'verɪ /

UK / ˈvɛri /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Concerning a large degree or amount
  • adverb
  • A lot; much; many
  • Used to stress or emphasize a noun

first

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US / fɜ:st /

UK / fɚst /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • 1st; Coming before all others in time or place
  • noun
  • Something that has not happened before
  • Position of the winner of a competition

where

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US / hwɛə /

UK / hwɛr, wɛr /

A1
  • conjunction
  • At or in the place which
  • In whatever place
  • pronoun
  • Word you use to ask the location of something

who

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US / hu: /

UK / hu /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Which person
  • Used to introduce information about people

which

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US / wɪtʃ /

UK / hwɪtʃ,wɪtʃ /

A1
  • determiner
  • Question word to ask about a person's choice
  • pronoun
  • (Used to describe something previously mentioned)
  • Question word to decide either, or

our

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US / 'aʊə(r) /

UK / aʊr /

A1
  • determiner
  • Belonging to us

two

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US / tu: /

UK / tu /

A1
  • number
  • 2

use

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US / ju:s /

UK / ju:s /

A1
  • noun
  • Ability to employ something
  • Need to enable it to work
  • Permission to do something with something
  • Act of spending money
  • Operation of a machine for its function
  • verb
  • To have; to eat, drink, consume etc.
  • To need to operate or work
  • To operate a machine, e.g. a computer
  • To treat a person badly
  • To do something with, for a task or purpose

their

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US / ðɛː /

UK / ðer /

A1
  • determiner
  • Belonging to them

those

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US / ðəʊz /

UK / ðoz /

A1
  • determiner
  • The people or things we are talking about
  • pronoun
  • The objects far from the speaker

any

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US / 'enɪ /

UK / ˈɛni /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • One, or some, no matter which
  • pronoun
  • One (thing) of many; some

day

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US / deɪ /

UK / de /

A1
  • noun
  • A period of 24 hours beginning at midnight
  • The period of time when it is light outside
  • Person's name

around

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US / ə'raʊnd /

UK / əˈraʊnd /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Close to someone or something
  • adverb
  • Located on every side, or along something
  • With a motion that moves in a circle or a curve
  • Going here and there within (a place)
  • Turned or turning in the opposite direction
  • preposition
  • Roughly; approximately

call

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US / kɔ:l /

UK / kɔl /

A1
  • noun
  • A order or request for action
  • The sound an animal makes, often when in danger
  • A correct prediction, e.g. a decision in a game
  • A short visit to a place or person
  • A decision by a referee or umpire in a game
  • verb
  • To make a request or order for action
  • (Animal) to make sounds to warn of danger
  • To announce the date of an election
  • To make a judgment about something
  • To give someone or something a name
  • To guess in advance the result or outcome
  • To visit a place or person for a short time
  • To phone someone
  • To speak, announce or shout in a loud voice

show

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US / ʃəʊ /

UK / ʃo /

A1
  • noun
  • False display of love, emotion or action
  • An event for displaying or promoting goods
  • Play, opera or theater production
  • Presentation that is broadcast on TV or radio
  • verb
  • To be easily seen or displayed
  • To display your emotions or feelings
  • To let someone see something; display
  • To explain or teach how something is done
  • To lead someone somewhere; point them to something
  • To prove something to be true, correct
  • To reveal or allow something to be seen

many

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US / 'menɪ /

UK / ˈmɛni /

A1
  • determiner
  • Used to refer a large number of things

watch

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US / wɒtʃ /

UK / wɑtʃ /

A1
  • noun
  • Period of time someone is responsible for guarding
  • Device you wear on your wrist that shows the time
  • Official warning statement, e.g. of bad weather
  • verb
  • To keep in check, manage, or control something
  • To look at something for entertainment, e.g. TV
  • To guard a place or people; protect child, etc.
  • To look at carefully to work out what is happening
  • To protect and care for someone or something

leave

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US / li:v /

UK / liv /

A1
  • noun
  • Permission to do something
  • Vacation time; time off work
  • verb
  • To go away from; depart
  • To gift property to someone after you die
  • To allow something to continue happening
  • To let something remain unused or available
  • To let something or someone remain somewhere

another

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US / əˈnʌðə(r) /

UK / əˈnʌðɚ /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • One more, but not this
  • determiner
  • One more added
  • pronoun
  • One more (thing)

end

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US / end /

UK / ɛnd /

A1
  • noun
  • The point where a process or activity stops
  • A point that marks the limit of something; finish
  • Goal or desired result
  • The tip, edge or limit of something
  • verb
  • To be the last part of something

part

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US / pɑ:t /

UK / pɑ:rt /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • To some degree; half; not fully
  • noun
  • Division of a book
  • Ratio of something, e.g. 3 of gin, 1 of tonic
  • A line in a person's hair, made with a comb
  • Character an actor plays on stage, movie, or TV
  • Some, but not all of a specific thing
  • Role in causing something to happen
  • verb
  • To make a line in a person's hair, by using a comb
  • To move two things apart creating a space
  • To leave someone, or to break off a relationship

point

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US / pɔɪnt /

UK / pɔɪnt /

A1
  • noun
  • An item to be discussed
  • Small spot or dot
  • Fact or detail
  • Feature of something
  • The size of the text on a page or screen
  • A certain time or stage in a process
  • Certain position in time or space
  • Idea or fact you try to convince people about
  • Measurement of scores in a game, sport
  • Sharp end of something, e.g. a pen or pin
  • verb
  • To face a certain direction, e.g. north
  • To indicate something with your finger to others

own

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US / əʊn /

UK / on /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Belong to oneself
  • determiner
  • Yours, his, hers, etc.; not belonging to another
  • pronoun
  • (Something) belong to myself
  • verb
  • To have something as your property

few

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US / fju: /

UK / fju /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Not many, a small number

hard

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US / hɑ:d /

UK / hɑː(r)d /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Difficult to do; difficult to understand
  • (Of facts) not able to be misunderstood; clear
  • (Of alcohol) strong
  • Involving or requiring lots of work, effort, care
  • Being full of pain, trouble, and problems
  • Strong
  • (Of edge) clear; sharp
  • Difficult to bend, break or cut; solid
  • adverb
  • With lots of force, power, or impact

may

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US / meɪ /

UK / me /

A1
  • noun
  • 5th month of the year
  • other
  • Used to express a desire
  • Expresses permission, possibility or probability
  • Used to show that a thing could be true

home

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US / həʊm /

UK / hom /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • A sports team's own field or place of play
  • adverb
  • Into the correct or intended position
  • noun
  • House, apartment or building to be rented or sold
  • Institution for sick or elderly people
  • Place where a person or a family lives
  • Country where a person lives or was born
  • Region that is native to peoples, plant or animals
  • verb
  • To move towards a particular target location

break

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US / breɪk /

UK / brek /

A1
  • noun
  • Time you stop an activity before continuing
  • End of a relationship
  • An escape from a place such as a jail
  • (Lucky) advantage or benefit from something
  • Find a solution or answer to a problem or crime
  • Change in the weather
  • verb
  • To create a new record e.g. running the 100m dash
  • To form a crack in something
  • To burst or become damaged
  • To end a relationship
  • To escape from a place such as a jail
  • To train a wild animal e.g. a horse
  • To separate into pieces by force, or by dropping
  • To act against a law, rule, or promise
  • To become known suddenly, as in the news
  • To not do what you promised e.g. not keep promises
  • To solve a crime, or answer a problem
  • To stop functioning properly
  • To suddenly start, open or commence
  • To change in pitch suddenly, as in a voice
  • To fall on the shore, as in waves
  • To begin or change suddenly; the dawn or weather
  • To defeat by causing the person to lose their will

seem

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US / si:m /

UK / sim /

A1
  • verb
  • To appear to be something

hand

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US / hænd /

UK / hænd /

A1
  • noun
  • Cards given to a player in a card game
  • Piece of a clock that points to the time
  • Someone who performs physical tasks or work
  • Body part at the end of a person's arm
  • Help for someone performing a particular action
  • Condition of having power or influence
  • Member of the crew of a ship
  • verb
  • To give something to someone personally

least

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US / li:st /

UK / list /

A1
  • adverb
  • In the smallest or lowest way
  • noun
  • Something that is of the lowest or smallest degree

yet

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US / jet /

UK / jɛt /

A1
  • adverb
  • At a later time (used after ‘not’)
  • (Used to emphasize that thing is, will be greater)
  • Eventually; at a future time
  • Until now; up to the present
  • conjunction
  • Adding to what has been said, often as a contrast

course

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US / kɔː(r)s /

UK / kɔː(r)s /

A2
  • noun
  • The route or direction e.g. a river moves along
  • A series of lessons given over time
  • Part of a meal that is served separately
  • Place where horses etc. race against each other
  • Route or direction that a river, etc. moves along
  • verb
  • To flow somewhere rapidly and in great quantity

month

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US / mʌnθ /

UK / mʌnθ /

A1
  • noun
  • One of 12 28-31 day periods in the year

across

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US / əˈkrɔs /

UK / əˈkrɔs,əˈkrɑs /

A1
  • adverb
  • Distance from one side to another
  • (Go) from one side to the other of something

grow

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US / ɡrəʊ /

UK / ɡro /

A1
  • verb
  • To get bigger and more mature; make plants do this
  • To improve; to develop better skills over time
  • To develop and become bigger or taller over time

fight

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US / faɪt /

UK / faɪt /

A1
  • noun
  • An argument or quarrel
  • Act of trying to hurt someone by hitting them
  • A struggle to do a difficult task
  • verb
  • To argue or quarrel with someone about something
  • To try to hurt someone by hitting them
  • To struggle to do a difficult task

link

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US / lɪŋk /

UK / lɪŋk /

A2
  • noun
  • Any one of the rings that are part of a chain
  • Connection between two or more things or people
  • Webpage item you click to go to another webpage
  • verb
  • To join or connect together

suppose

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US / sə'pəʊz /

UK / səˈpoʊz /

A2
  • conjunction
  • What if
  • verb
  • To imagine or guess what might happen

ahead

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US / əˈhed /

UK / əˈhɛd /

A2
  • adverb
  • In or toward the front
  • In the future
  • In the lead; winning

state

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US / steɪt /

UK / stet /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Concerning region within a country
  • noun
  • Region within a country, with its own government
  • Situation or condition something is in
  • verb
  • To say; declare as fact

news

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US / nju:z /

UK / nu:z /

A1
  • noun
  • Broadcast on radio or TV about recent events
  • Information about recent events

force

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US / fɔ:s /

UK / fɔrs, fors /

A1
  • noun
  • Group of persons trained for military action; army
  • Pressure; attraction
  • The use of physical strength/violence to persuade
  • verb
  • To use physical strength or violence to persuade

group

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US / ɡru:p /

UK / ɡrup /

A1
  • noun
  • Two or more musicians who play music together
  • Number of people or things gathered together
  • verb
  • To combine or collect objects or people together

picture

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US / 'pɪktʃə(r) /

UK / ˈpɪktʃɚ /

A1
  • noun
  • General situation or state of being
  • Mental image of what something is or looks like
  • Movie; film
  • Painting, drawing or photograph on paper or screen
  • verb
  • To understand or imagine something
  • To imagine someone or something in an image

child

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US / tʃaɪld /

UK / tʃaɪld /

A1
  • noun
  • A very young person, between about 2 and 15

itself

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US / ɪtˈself /

UK / ɪtˈsɛlf /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Referring to it

design

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US / dɪˈzaɪn /

UK / dɪˈzaɪn /

A1
  • noun
  • The way something is planned, to fulfill a purpose
  • verb
  • To plan in a particular way to fulfill a purpose
  • To think of a plan

city

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US / 'sɪtɪ /

UK / ˈsɪti /

A1
  • noun
  • Area with many buildings, roads and people

post

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US / pəʊst /

UK / post /

A1
  • noun
  • Message delivered or shared in an online group
  • Piece of wood, metal in the ground for support
  • Job or position within an organization or company
  • Place where a soldier, etc. is ordered to go
  • verb
  • To send a letter or package using stamps
  • To share a message on an internet discussion group
  • To send a soldier somewhere to do a job
  • To put a message in public for everyone to see

themselves

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US / ðəmˈselvz /

UK / ðɛmˈsɛlvz, ðəm- /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Reflexive form of 'they'

attack

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US / ə'tæk /

UK / əˈtæk /

A2
  • noun
  • Act intended to hurt someone physically, mentally
  • verb
  • To try to destroy, beat, or injure

return

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US / rɪ'tɜ:n /

UK / rɪ'tɜ:rn /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Do again; repeated
  • noun
  • Faulty or unwanted product sent back to a company
  • Enter key; the main key on the computer keyboard
  • Profit made as a result of a business activity
  • Process of going back to a previous way or state
  • verb
  • To hit something back to the other player or team
  • To come back after being away from somewhere
  • To repay someone's actions, kindness etc.
  • To put, bring, take, give, or send something back
  • To occur again

event

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US / ɪˈvent /

UK / ɪˈvɛnt /

A1
  • noun
  • Any social gathering; occasion; planned activity
  • Something that happens that you will remember
  • Race or contest in a sports activity or program

position

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US / pəˈzɪʃn /

UK / pəˈzɪʃən /

A1
  • noun
  • Person's opinion or attitude about something
  • Specific location where someone or something is
  • Where you play or your role on a sports team
  • Person's job or status level
  • Set of conditions affecting what you can (not) do
  • verb
  • To put in a particular location or direction

report

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US / rɪ'pɔ:t /

UK / rɪˈpɔrt, ˈport /

A1
  • noun
  • Account of the necessary facts and information
  • The telling of news in the media
  • Official statement about something
  • verb
  • To submit a report or bill to the government
  • To write in a newspaper or speak on a news program
  • To state something officially
  • To officially present yourself to an authority
  • To describe something by telling it to others

government

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US / ˈgʌvənmənt /

UK / ˈɡʌvənmənt /

A1
  • noun
  • Group of people and system that rule a nation

scene

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US / si:n /

UK / sin /

A2
  • noun
  • Incident where someone behaves angrily, badly
  • View that looks like a picture
  • Place where something particular happened
  • Part of an act in a play

attention

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US / əˈtenʃn /

UK / əˈtɛnʃən /

A2
  • noun
  • Taking notice of someone or something
  • (Soldiers) Standing with straight backs

center

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US / 'sentə /

UK / ˈsɛntɚ /

A1
  • noun
  • Community place people go health or social reasons
  • Place in the middle of something
  • Person or thing that is attracting attention
  • verb
  • To direct focus toward something

war

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US / wɔ:(r) /

UK / wɔr /

A2
  • noun
  • Situation where armies fight each other

claim

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US / kleɪm /

UK / klem /

A2
  • noun
  • Demand for something that is believed to be due
  • Something said to be true when others don't agree
  • verb
  • To demand something that is believed to be due
  • To cause someone's life to come to an end
  • To say something is true when others may not agree

promise

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US / 'prɒmɪs /

UK / ˈprɑmɪs /

A1
  • verb
  • To say you will certainly do something

local

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US / ˈləʊkl /

UK / ˈloʊkl /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Relating to a particular area, city, or town
  • noun
  • Bus or train, that stops at most stations
  • People who live in the area being discussed
  • The pub you most frequently go to

attempt

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US / ə'tempt /

UK / əˈtɛmpt /

A2
  • noun
  • Effort made to try to do or accomplish something
  • verb
  • To try to do something challenging or difficult

launch

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US / lɔ:ntʃ /

UK / lɔntʃ, lɑntʃ /

A2
  • noun
  • Starting a new project; introducing new product
  • Act of firing rockets into the air
  • verb
  • To start a new project; start selling a product
  • To put a rocket into the air
  • To put a ship into the water for the first time

recent

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US / 'ri:snt /

UK / ˈrisənt /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Happening or beginning not long ago

official

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US / əˈfɪʃl /

UK / əˈfɪʃəl /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Real, exact, truely felt
  • Of or done by someone in authority; formal
  • noun
  • A person authorized to perform a specific duty

suggest

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US / səˈdʒest /

UK / səɡˈdʒɛst, səˈdʒɛst /

A1
  • verb
  • To mention something that could be done; propose

tie

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US / taɪ /

UK / taɪ /

A2
  • noun
  • Item, such as string or wire, used to join things
  • Strong connection between people, countries
  • When both sides in a game, vote get same score
  • One match or game that is part of a bigger contest
  • Something that lessens a person's freedom
  • Thin piece of cloth worn round neck of shirt
  • Piece of wood/metal used to stop something moving
  • verb
  • To attach things (together) with a string or rope
  • To end a game, contest or vote with the same score
  • To require someone to be in a specific place

steal

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US / sti:l /

UK / stil /

A1
  • noun
  • A bargain; something bought very cheaply
  • Act of taking the ball or a base from another
  • verb
  • To move quietly or secretly to or from a place
  • To secretly take something that belongs to another

president

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US / ˈprezɪdənt /

UK / ˈprɛzɪdənt,-ˌdɛnt /

A2
  • noun
  • Person in charge of a country, or organization

cross

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US / krɒs /

UK / krɔs, krɑs /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Angry and upset
  • From one side of something to the other
  • noun
  • (Of animals) mixture of breeds in one animal
  • Person's name
  • verb
  • To put one thing over another e.g. arms
  • To breed one type of animal or plant with another
  • To not to agree with someone; oppose
  • To go from one side of something to the other
  • To meet at one point

particularly

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US / pəˈtikjuləli /

UK / pɚˈtɪkjələli, pəˈtɪk- /

A2
  • adverb
  • Specially; more than others

town

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US / taʊn /

UK / taʊn /

A1
  • noun
  • Small city
  • Part of city with shops and entertainments

image

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US / 'ɪmɪdʒ /

UK / ˈɪmɪdʒ /

A2
  • noun
  • Picture, sculpture or painting of something
  • General idea or opinion of something
  • verb
  • To obtain pictures by scanning them with a machine

search

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US / sɜ:tʃ /

UK / sɜ:rtʃ /

A2
  • noun
  • Examination of person to find something
  • Action to find an answer to a problem
  • Action of trying to find someone or something
  • verb
  • To examine a person's clothing to find something
  • To look for an answer or explanation to a problem
  • To look carefully for someone or something

weapon

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US / 'wepən /

UK / ˈwɛpən /

A2
  • noun
  • An advantage to help win a contest or conflict
  • Something that is used for fighting, e.g. a gun

law

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US / lɔ: /

UK / lɔ /

A1
  • noun
  • Field of study that relates to the legal profession
  • A rule made and enforced by a government
  • System or rules made by the government

interest

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US / 'ɪntrəst /

UK / ˈɪntrɪst, -tərɪst, -ˌtrɛst /

A1
  • noun
  • Best or most advantageous thing for someone
  • Activity or subject one enjoys doing or learning
  • Fee for borrowing money
  • verb
  • To make someone want to know about something
  • To persuade to do, become involved with something

political

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US / pəˈlɪtɪkl /

UK / pəˈlɪtɪkəl /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Being active or interested in government matters
  • Diplomatic
  • Of the system of elections and government
  • Concerning government or public affairs
  • Involved in getting of power/influence in a group

significant

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US / sɪgˈnɪfɪkənt /

UK / sɪɡˈnɪfɪkənt /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Large enough to be noticed or have an effect
  • Having meaning; important; noticeable
  • (Statistics) being clearly different

nervous

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US / ˈnə:vəs /

UK / ˈnə:vəs /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Concerning the system of nerves in the body
  • Having a tendency to become uneasy or anxious

surround

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US / səˈraʊnd /

UK / səˈraʊnd /

A2
  • other
  • To be closely connected to and have an effect on
  • verb
  • To be all the way around something
  • To be closely connected to and have an effect on
  • To move closer on all sides of something

crash

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US / kræʃ /

UK / kræʃ /

A1
  • noun
  • Accident when two objects (cars) hit each other
  • Loud sound made by the impact of an object
  • Sudden drop in value or amount
  • verb
  • To damage an object by causing it to hit something
  • To drop or fall suddenly
  • To enter a social event without permission
  • To strike against loudly
  • To suddenly drop in value or amount
  • To stay at another person's house
  • To be very tired and fall asleep

peace

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US / pi:s /

UK / pis /

A2
  • noun
  • Calm and quiet state
  • Time when there is no war or fighting

organization

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US / ˌɔ:gənaɪˈzeɪʃn /

UK / ˌɔrɡənɪˈzeʃən /

A2
  • noun
  • Group of people with a particular purpose

ultimately

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US / ˈʌltɪmətli /

UK / ˈʌltəmɪtli /

B1
  • adverb
  • Done or considered as the final and most important

vehicle

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US / ˈvi:əkl /

UK / ˈvi:hɪkl /

A2
  • noun
  • Machine (such as a car) used to carry things
  • Means of expressing, showing, or achieving

region

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US / 'ri:dʒən /

UK / ˈridʒən /

A2
  • noun
  • Part of a country, of the world, area, etc.

john

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US / dʒɔn /

UK / dʒɑn /

A1
  • noun
  • A toilet.
  • A prostitute's client.
  • proper noun
  • (1165–1216), son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine; king of England 1199–1216; known as John Lack
  • The name of six kings of Portugal.

deny

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US / dɪ'naɪ /

UK / dɪˈnaɪ /

A2
  • verb
  • To refuse to allow or accept something

smoke

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US / sməʊk /

UK / smoʊk /

B1
  • noun
  • Grey gas from fires and cigarettes
  • Fog of air coming from e.g. a cigarette, fire
  • verb
  • To give off a cloud of grey gas from burning
  • To add a taste to food by putting it near a fire
  • To breathe in through a cigarette, etc.

freedom

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US / 'fri:dəm /

UK / ˈfridəm /

B1
  • noun
  • State of being free, not being controlled

responsibility

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US / rɪˌspɒnsə'bɪlətɪ /

UK / rɪˌspɑnsəˈbɪlɪti /

A2
  • noun
  • Job, task or thing you are expected to look after
  • A thing to be done because it is morally correct
  • State of being dependable or reliable

television

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US / ˈtelɪvɪʒn /

UK / ˈtɛləˌvɪʒən /

A1
  • noun
  • Device that broadcasts programs, movies or show

neighbour

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US / 'neɪbə(r) /

UK / ˈnebɚ /

B1
  • noun
  • Person who lives, or is near, you

dare

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US / deə(r) /

UK / der /

A2
  • noun
  • A dangerous or risky act people are afraid to do
  • verb
  • To challenge someone to do something that is risky
  • To have enough courage to do something

border

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US / 'bɔ:də(r) /

UK / ˈbɔrdɚ /

A2
  • noun
  • Outer part or edge of something
  • Line separating one country, state from another
  • verb
  • To be right next to another country or state
  • To form the edge of something
  • To form the edge of (road, etc.)

accuse

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US / ə'kju:z /

UK / əˈkjuz /

A2
  • verb
  • To claim that someone has done something wrong

citizen

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US / 'sɪtɪzn /

UK / ˈsɪtɪzən /

B1
  • noun
  • Person who belongs to and has rights in a country

soldier

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US / 'səʊldʒə(r) /

UK / ˈsoldʒɚ /

B1
  • noun
  • Person working in an army to fight

consume

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US / kən'sju:m /

UK / kənˈsum /

A2
  • verb
  • To eat, drink, buy or use up something
  • To take all your energy; focus the attention

fighter

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US / ˈfaɪtə(r) /

UK / ˈfaɪtɚ /

A2
  • noun
  • Something or someone that fights

succeed

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US / sək'si:d /

UK / səkˈsid /

A2
  • verb
  • To have achieved what you were trying to achieve
  • To have achieved what you were trying to achieve
  • To take over position of one who has died or left
  • To come after or replace in a series

panic

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US / 'pænɪk /

UK / ˈpænɪk /

B1
  • noun
  • Overwhelming feeling of fear and anxiety
  • verb
  • To feel sudden anxiety and fear and cannot think

agency

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US / 'eɪdʒənsɪ /

UK / ˈedʒənsi /

B1
  • noun
  • Business that provides some service for others

western

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US / ˈwestən /

UK / ˈwestərn /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Movies often about cowboys in the American West
  • Coming from, found in, or facing towards the west

territory

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US / 'terətrɪ /

UK / ˈtɛrɪˌtɔri, -ˌtori /

B1
  • noun
  • Area of land defended by an animal
  • Area of particular knowledge or experience
  • Area owned or controlled by a government, person
  • Area of land with a specific defining feature

declare

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US / dɪ'kleə(r) /

UK / dɪˈklɛr /

A2
  • verb
  • To make a statement in a strong and confident way
  • To show the cost of things purchased overseas
  • To say something in an official or sure way

civil

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US / ˈsɪvl /

UK / ˈsɪvəl /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Of citizens of a country; not military, criminal
  • Acting in a polite, but not truly friendly manner

operation

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US / ˌɒpəˈreɪʃn /

UK / ˌɑpəˈreʃən /

A2
  • noun
  • Business or company, or its activities
  • Functioning; use
  • Medical procedure involving surgery

inform

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US / ɪnˈfɔ:m /

UK / ɪnˈfɔ:rm /

A2
  • verb
  • To give information or facts about something

ally

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US / 'ælaɪ /

UK / 'ælaɪ /

B1
  • noun
  • Someone who supports, helps, or defends you
  • verb
  • To join a group to offer or receive support

mysterious

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US / mɪˈstɪəriəs /

UK / mɪˈstɪriəs /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Unusual; hard to understand or work out

russian

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US / ˈrʌʃn /

UK / ˈrʌʃn /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Concerning the culture and people of Russia
  • noun
  • Person from Russia

troop

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US / tru:p /

UK / trup /

B1
  • noun
  • Group of people
  • Group of mammals or birds
  • A group of soldiers
  • verb
  • To walk past in a group or large number
  • To move or gather in a crowd

armed

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US / ɑ:md /

UK / ɑːrmd /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Having weapons ready to use against others
  • verb
  • To activate a weapon or bomb for use
  • To give a gun or other weapon to a person or group

russia

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US / 'rʌʃə /

UK / 'rʌʃə /

A1
  • proper noun
  • A country in northern Asia and eastern Europe; population 143,500,000 (estimated 2015); capital, Mos

eastern

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US / ˈi:stən /

UK / ˈi:stərn /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Being in the area to the east
  • Concerning countries that are in the east

helicopter

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US / 'helɪkɒptə(r) /

UK / ˈhɛlɪˌkɑptɚ /

B1
  • noun
  • Aircraft with spinning blades at the top
  • verb
  • To transport by helicopter

washing

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US / ˈwɒʃɪŋ /

UK / ˈwɑʃɪŋ, ˈwɔʃɪŋ /

A1
  • verb
  • To clean someone or something with soap and water
  • To move somewhere by flowing

ray

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US / reɪ /

UK / re /

B1
  • noun
  • Person's name
  • Lines of light coming from an object
  • Fish with a pointed tail and flat body

deploy

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US / dɪˈplɔɪ /

UK / dɪˈplɔɪ /

B1
  • verb
  • To put into position (often a military operation)

governor

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US / ˈgʌvənə(r) /

UK / ˈgʌvərnə(r) /

B2
  • noun
  • Person who leads a state or province

repeatedly

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US / rɪ'pi:tɪdlɪ /

UK / rɪ'pi:tɪdlɪ /

B2
  • adverb
  • (Said, done) many times; over and over

allege

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US / əˈledʒ /

UK / əˈlɛdʒ /

B1
  • verb
  • To state without proof

raid

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US / reɪd /

UK / red /

B1
  • noun
  • Sudden entry by police; surprise attack by army
  • (Army) to suddenly enter or attack a place
  • verb
  • (Army) to suddenly enter or attack a place
  • To suddenly enter or attack, e.g. to steal or harm

soil

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US / sɔɪl /

UK / sɔɪl /

B1
  • noun
  • Conditions in which something develops
  • Mix of natural material in which plants grow
  • Land of a certain country
  • verb
  • To get or become dirty

verify

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US / 'verɪfaɪ /

UK / ˈvɛrəˌfaɪ /

B2
  • verb
  • To prove that something is right, accurate or true

enforcement

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US / ɪn'fɔ:smənt /

UK / ɪn'fɔ:smənt /

B1
  • noun
  • Process of making sure that rules are followed

ukraine

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US / ju:'kreɪn /

UK / ju:'kreɪn /

A1
  • other
  • A republic in southeastern Europe; formerly a European soviet; the center of the original Russian st

regime

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US / reɪˈʒi:m /

UK / reˈʒim, rɪ- /

B1
  • noun
  • A system of management; a form of government

boast

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US / bəʊst /

UK / bost /

B1
  • noun
  • Act of expressing too much pride in something
  • verb
  • To speak of something with too much pride

nonetheless

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US / ˌnʌnðəˈles /

UK / ˌnʌnðəˈlɛs /

B1
  • adverb
  • In spite of that; nevertheless

ukrainian

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US / ju:'kreɪnɪən /

UK / ju:'kreɪnɪrn /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Concerning the culture and people of Ukraine
  • noun
  • Person from Ukraine

involvement

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US / ɪnˈvɒlvmənt /

UK / ɪnˈvɑːlvmənt /

B1
  • noun
  • Act or process of joining in a particular activity

liberty

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US / 'lɪbətɪ /

UK / ˈlɪbəti /

B1
  • noun
  • Doing as one wants without asking
  • Power to do what you choose

putin

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US / /

UK / /

A1
  • noun
  • An act or the right of putting the ball into a scrum.

tempting

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US / ˈtemptɪŋ /

UK / ˈtɛmptɪŋ /

A2
  • verb
  • To make someone want something even if it's bad

reminiscent

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US / ˌremɪˈnɪsnt /

UK / ˌrɛməˈnɪsənt /

B2
  • adjecitve
  • Suggestive of; tending to remind you of

deliberate

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US / dɪ'lɪbərət /

UK / dɪˈlɪbərɪt /

B2
  • adjecitve
  • Carefully thought out in advance
  • Done purposely
  • verb
  • To consider a problem or decision carefully

armoured

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US / ˈɑ:məd /

UK / ˈɑːrmərd /

C1
  • adjecitve
  • (Body, thing) protected by a covering
  • verb
  • To cover something in metal to protect it

moscow

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US / 'mɒskəʊ /

UK / 'mɑskaʊ /

A1
  • proper noun
  • The capital of Russia, located at the center of European Russia, on the Moskva River; population 10,
  • A city in northwestern Idaho, home to the University of Idaho; population 22,798 (est. 2008).

southeast

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US / ˌsaʊθ'i:st /

UK / saʊθˈist, saʊˈist /

B2
  • noun
  • Location in the southeastern part of an area

focal

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US / 'fəʊkl /

UK / ˈfokəl /

B2
  • adjecitve
  • (Of a point) being the main or important one

legion

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US / 'li:dʒən /

UK / ˈlidʒən /

B2
  • noun
  • Large group of soldiers, as of the Roman army

militia

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US / məˈlɪʃə /

UK / məˈlɪʃə /

B2
  • noun
  • Local armed forces to assist the police

kiev

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US / ˈki:ev /

UK / ˈkiɛf, -ɛv, ˈkjijɪf /

A1
  • proper noun
  • The capital of Ukraine, an industrial city and port on the Dnieper River; population 2,765,500 (est.

startling

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US / ˈstɑ:tlɪŋ /

UK / ˈstɑ:rtlɪŋ /

B2
  • adjecitve
  • So remarkably different or sudden as to shock
  • verb
  • To give someone a shock or surprise

federation

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US / ˌfedəˈreɪʃn /

UK / ˌfɛdəˈreʃən /

C1
  • noun
  • Group of organizations joined together

dictatorship

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US / ˌdɪkˈteɪtəʃɪp /

UK / dɪkˈtetɚˌʃɪp, ˈdɪkˌte- /

B1
  • noun
  • Form of government with an absolute rules
  • Country ruled by or as if by a dictator

implore

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US / ɪmˈplɔ:(r) /

UK / ɪmˈplɔr, -ˈplor /

C2
  • verb
  • To make an emotional and serious request

disorientate

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US / dɪsˈɔːriənteɪt /

UK / dɪsˈɔːriənteɪt /

C1
  • verb
  • To cause to be lost or not know where you are

diversion

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US / daɪˈvɜ:ʃn /

UK / dɪˈvɚʒən, -ʃən, daɪ- /

B2
  • noun
  • Action designed to distract attention

incursion

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US / ɪnˈkɜ:ʒən /

UK / ɪnˈkə:ʒən /

C1
  • noun
  • Sudden invasion or attack by enemies

saboteur

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US / ˌsæbəˈtɜː(r) /

UK / ˌsæbəˈtɜːr /

B2
  • noun
  • Person deliberately destroying the work of others

counterclaim

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US / ˈkaʊntəkleɪm /

UK / ˈkaʊntərkleɪm /

C2
  • noun
  • Legal claim filed in opposition to another claim

overspill

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US / ˈəʊvəspɪl /

UK / ˈoʊvərspɪl /

C2
  • noun
  • Settling people from cities to less crowded places
  • Introduction to Video Content
  • Claims and counterclaims surround reports that a group of anti-Putin saboteurs have allegedly crossed the Ukrainian border to launch attacks on Russian soil. The government of Kiev denies any involvement in these actions, while President Zelensky's administration is said to be observing the situation with interest but distancing themselves from any responsibility. However, this supposed operation does indicate a significant escalation from the ongoing conflict in southeastern Ukraine, particularly in the town of Bakhmut within the Donbass region. Russian officials now claim that a group of Ukrainians crossed the border and attacked the neighboring region of Belgorod. The local governor confirms that Russian forces are currently searching for this militia in Grai Voronovsky. This bold move by soldiers calling themselves freedom fighters and Ukrainian saboteurs signifies a day filled with shocking visuals, many of which are difficult to verify. Nevertheless, it appears that they have successfully brought the war onto Russian soil. The smoke seen in the area is supposedly from a crashed Russian helicopter. The group claiming responsibility for these actions is known as the Liberty of Russia Legion, who aim to end what they perceive as the Kremlin's dictatorship. They state their desire for their children to grow up in peace and have shared pictures allegedly depicting their attack on a Russian border post. Additionally, two of their fighters proudly showcased a stolen Russian armored vehicle. Ukraine denies any affiliation with this group, emphasizing that its members are actually citizens of the Russian Federation who share a similar political and civil position with those who oppose Putin's regime. However, Moscow state television reported that President Putin has been informed about an attempted break-in by Ukrainian saboteurs into Russian territory.
  • Subtitles section
  • Claims and counterclaims surround reports that a group of anti-Putin saboteurs have crossed the Ukrainian border to launch attacks on Russian soil.
  • Kiev denies any involvement.
  • President Zelensky's government is said to be watching the events with interest but ultimately washing their hands of responsibility.
  • Nonetheless the supposed operation does suggest a significant overspill from the focal point of recent fighting.
  • For months it has centered on the southeast of Ukraine, particularly of course around the town of Bakhmut in the Donbass region.
  • But now Russian officials allege that a group of Ukrainians crossed the border and attacked the neighboring region of Belgorod.
  • The local governor says the militia attacked Grai Voronovsky where he says Russian forces are now searching for the group.
  • A daring raid across the Russian border by soldiers who call themselves freedom fighters and the Ukrainian saboteurs.
  • A day of startling images many hard to verify but it seems they have succeeded in taking the war into Russia itself.
  • This smoke is from a Russian helicopter which is reported to have crashed.
  • Responsibility is claimed by an organization calling itself the Liberty of Russia Legion.
  • We are returning home to end the Kremlin's dictatorship they said.
  • We want our children to grow up in peace.
  • They posted these pictures said to show their attack on a Russian border post.
  • In another two of their fighters boasted of stealing this Russian armored vehicle.
  • Ukraine denies any links with the group.
  • They are citizens of the Russian Federation.
  • They declare their own political and civil position like those who fight Putin's regime.
  • But in Moscow state television said President Putin had been informed of an attempt by Ukrainian saboteurs to break into Russian territory.
  • Belgorod's governor said the armed forces and local law enforcement agencies had been deployed.
  • He implored citizens not to panic.
  • Yet they were accused to leave the city.
  • Scenes reminiscent of the first days of the war in Kiev.
  • In return for Western weapons President Zelensky has repeatedly promised not to use them on Russian territory.
  • Ukraine's allies may well be nervous about today's incursion by a mysterious group of pro-Ukrainian Russians.
  • It is tempting to see all this as part of a deliberate diversion designed to disorientate Russia ahead of a full-scale Ukrainian counter-offensive.
  • At the very least it has consumed the Kremlin's attention and tied up a few troops.
  • John Ray, News at 10, Eastern Ukraine.