Subtitles section
Repeat sentence
Subtitles mode
Full screen
Previous
Next
x 1.0
Playback speed
More

Kim Foxx and Toni Preckwinkle react to Illinois Supreme Court upholding law ending cash bail

Video vocabulary

disinformation

Copy vocabulary

US / ˌdɪsˌɪnfəˈmeɪʃn /

UK / ˌdɪsˌɪnfərˈmeɪʃn /

B1
  • noun
  • Information intended to confuse others

our

Copy vocabulary

US / 'aʊə(r) /

UK / aʊr /

A1
  • determiner
  • Belonging to us

not

Copy vocabulary

US / nɒt /

UK / nɑt /

A1
  • adverb
  • Word indicating the negative
  • (Used to form the negative of verbs)

incredibly

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪnˈkredəbli /

UK / ɪnˈkrɛdəblɪ /

A2
  • adverb
  • To a great degree; very; amazingly

evans

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪˈvændʒəlaɪz /

UK / ɪˈvændʒəˌlaɪz /

A1

color

Copy vocabulary

US / 'kʌlə(r) /

UK / ˈkʌlɚ /

A1
  • noun
  • Quality of things you can see, e.g. red, blue
  • Pink or red in your face, e.g. after being ill
  • The shade of someone's skin e.g. black, or yellow
  • verb
  • To change or affect someone's opinion
  • To make something colorful using colored pencils

systemic

Copy vocabulary

US / sɪ'stemɪk /

UK / sɪˈstɛmɪk /

B2
  • adjecitve
  • Affecting the entire body, system

good

Copy vocabulary

US / ɡʊd /

UK / ɡʊd /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Proper, appropriate or right
  • (Of an amount) enough; plenty
  • Excellent; high quality
  • Acting well or properly; of moral character
  • In a positive or happy emotional state
  • noun
  • Advantage or benefit

fellow

Copy vocabulary

US / 'feləʊ /

UK / ˈfɛlo /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Being of the same kind
  • noun
  • Man or a boy
  • Student paid to study and teach after college

ability

Copy vocabulary

US / ə'bɪlətɪ /

UK / əˈbɪlɪti /

A2
  • noun
  • The power, resources or skill to do something

become

Copy vocabulary

US / bɪ'kʌm /

UK / bɪˈkʌm /

A1
  • verb
  • To begin to be; grow to be; develop into
  • To be suitable for a particular job or role

would

Copy vocabulary

US / wʊd /

UK / wʊd /

A1
  • other
  • Used to indicate something imagined
  • Used to ask or request something politely
  • Verb used to indicate possibility, request etc.
  • Used to indicate a preference
  • Used to indicate a reaction
  • Indicates something that occurred repeatedly
  • Used to indicate willingness or ability to do

equity

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈekwəti /

UK / ˈɛkwɪti /

B1
  • noun
  • Condition of people being treated the same
  • Stocks and shares which pay no fixed interest
  • Value of a house, etc., minus the mortgage

want

Copy vocabulary

US / wɔnt /

UK / wɑnt, wɔnt /

A1
  • noun
  • Something you desire or wish for
  • State or condition of poverty
  • verb
  • To desire or wish for something; hope for a thing

unprecedented

Copy vocabulary

US / ʌnˈpresɪdentɪd /

UK / ʌnˈprɛsɪˌdɛntɪd /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Not having happened before, or to such a degree

testament

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈtestəmənt /

UK / ˈtɛstəmənt /

B1
  • noun
  • Evidence or proof (usually of something good)

significant

Copy vocabulary

US / sɪgˈnɪfɪkənt /

UK / sɪɡˈnɪfɪkənt /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Large enough to be noticed or have an effect
  • Having meaning; important; noticeable
  • (Statistics) being clearly different

safety

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈseɪfti /

UK / ˈsefti /

A1
  • noun
  • Device on a gun to prevent accidental shooting
  • State of being free from harm or danger

reform

Copy vocabulary

US / rɪ'fɔ:m /

UK / rɪˈfɔrm /

A2
  • noun
  • An improvement, especially in a person's behaviour or in the structure of something
  • verb
  • To re-shape something to a better condition
  • To (cause to) lead a non-criminal life
  • To improve society by removing abuse/injustice
  • To re-shape something into a different form

cash

Copy vocabulary

US / kæʃ /

UK / kæʃ /

A2
  • noun
  • Physical money (not credit card or digital)
  • verb
  • To sell or give something to get money

advocacy

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈædvəkəsi /

UK / ˈædvəkəsi /

B1
  • noun
  • Request for change
  • Public support for a belief

law

Copy vocabulary

US / lɔ: /

UK / lɔ /

A1
  • noun
  • Field of study that relates to the legal profession
  • A rule made and enforced by a government
  • System or rules made by the government

fairness

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈfeənəs /

UK / ˈfernəs /

B1
  • noun
  • Situation when everyone is treated equally

criticism

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈkrɪtɪsɪzəm /

UK / ˈkrɪtɪˌsɪzəm /

A2
  • noun
  • Article or essay that judges quality
  • Negative judgment of something
  • Something negative that you say about something
  • School of thought

coalition

Copy vocabulary

US / ˌkəʊəˈlɪʃn /

UK / ˌkoəˈlɪʃən /

B1
  • noun
  • Union of separate political parties

alongside

Copy vocabulary

US / əˌlɒŋˈsaɪd /

UK / əˌlɔ:ŋˈsaɪd /

B1
  • preposition
  • Side by side with something

support

Copy vocabulary

US / səˈpɔ:t /

UK / səˈpɔrt, -ˈport /

A1
  • noun
  • Assistance or advice given to someone
  • Evidence that helps prove something is true
  • A thing to hold up or prevent from falling down
  • verb
  • To give assistance or advice to someone
  • To help prove or show that something is true
  • To hold up or prevent from falling down

can

Copy vocabulary

US / kæn /

UK / kən,kæn /

A1
  • noun
  • A metal container for storing food
  • other
  • Able to; have the skill to; have the time to
  • verb
  • To have permission to
  • To be possible to do
  • To preserve food by sealing it in a metal container

true

Copy vocabulary

US / tru: /

UK / tru: /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Agreeing with the facts; not false; real or actual

here

Copy vocabulary

US / hɪə(r) /

UK / hɪr /

A1
  • adverb
  • In this place; at this location, position or time

criminalize

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈkrɪmɪnəlaɪz /

UK / ˈkrɪmənəˌlaɪz /

A1
  • other
  • Treat as a criminal

chief

Copy vocabulary

US / tʃi:f /

UK / tʃif /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • The one highest in authority or importance
  • noun
  • Leader of a race or group of people
  • The one highest in authority or importance

safe

Copy vocabulary

US / seɪf /

UK / sef /

A2
  • noun
  • Metal box with a lock to keep valuable things in
  • adjecitve
  • Highly likely
  • Being out of danger

matter

Copy vocabulary

US / 'mætə(r) /

UK / ˈmætɚ /

A1
  • noun
  • Material all things are made of that fills space
  • Problem or reason for concern
  • verb
  • To be of great importance; to count

should

Copy vocabulary

US / ʃʊd /

UK / ʃʊd /

A1
  • other
  • Used to indicate what is proper or reasonable

continue

Copy vocabulary

US / kən'tɪnju: /

UK / kənˈtɪnju /

A1
  • verb
  • To do something without stopping, or after pausing
  • To start doing again after a break, pause, or stop

use

Copy vocabulary

US / ju:s /

UK / ju:s /

A1
  • noun
  • Ability to employ something
  • Need to enable it to work
  • Permission to do something with something
  • Act of spending money
  • Operation of a machine for its function
  • verb
  • To have; to eat, drink, consume etc.
  • To need to operate or work
  • To operate a machine, e.g. a computer
  • To treat a person badly
  • To do something with, for a task or purpose

historic

Copy vocabulary

US / hɪˈstɒrɪk /

UK / hɪˈstɔrɪk, -ˈstɑr- /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • (Of past event) having an effect on future; famous
  • Connected with the past

ensure

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪn'ʃʊə(r) /

UK / ɛnˈʃʊr /

A2
  • verb
  • To make something sure, certain, or safe

bond

Copy vocabulary

US / bɒnd /

UK / bɑnd /

A2
  • noun
  • Rope, chain or other thing used to tie someone up
  • Closeness that is shared between people or groups
  • Loan that a government must buy back by a set date
  • Written agreement to pay back borrowed money
  • Joint or connection, often using glue
  • verb
  • To develop a close relationship with
  • To become joined or connected, e.g. using glue

will

Copy vocabulary

US / wɪl /

UK / wɪl /

A1
  • noun
  • Desire or choice of someone
  • Document saying who gets your money when you die
  • Strong desire to do something; determination
  • Desire to do something; strong wish to do
  • other
  • Used with verbs to express the future
  • verb
  • To leave property to someone after your death
  • To use mental effort to make something happen
  • Am (is, are) likely to do
  • To influence someone to do something
  • To make something happen by strongly wanting it

cook

Copy vocabulary

US / kʊk /

UK / kʊk /

A1
  • noun
  • A person who prepares food
  • Person's name
  • verb
  • To heat food until it is ready to eat

day

Copy vocabulary

US / deɪ /

UK / de /

A1
  • noun
  • A period of 24 hours beginning at midnight
  • The period of time when it is light outside
  • Person's name

side

Copy vocabulary

US / saɪd /

UK / saɪd /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • In addition to the central or most important thing
  • Next to, or very close to, the right or left of
  • noun
  • Position or opinion that is opposite to another
  • Right or left part of a person's body
  • Feature of someone's personality
  • Straight edge of an object
  • One of two or more groups fighting each other
  • verb
  • To decide to agree with one point, not the other

exacerbate

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪɡ'zæsəbeɪt /

UK / ɪɡˈzæsɚˌbet /

B2
  • verb
  • To increase the severity or bitterness of

affirm

Copy vocabulary

US / ə'fɜ:m /

UK / əˈfɚm /

B2
  • verb
  • To state, strengthen or support a belief you have
  • To show you support or agree

nation

Copy vocabulary

US / 'neɪʃn /

UK / ˈneʃən /

A1
  • noun
  • Area or region controlled by a government and army

just

Copy vocabulary

US / dʒʌst /

UK / dʒʌst /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Proper or appropriate; as is deserved
  • Doing or being what is right or fair
  • Legally correct; having enough evidence
  • adverb
  • Almost; nearly
  • Exactly at the time of
  • Exactly (the same as, like)

line

Copy vocabulary

US / laɪn /

UK / laɪn /

A1
  • noun
  • Border that divides two places or regions
  • Long crease in the skin, often from age
  • Mark that is long, straight and very thin
  • Row of words, letters or numbers that are written
  • Telephone connection
  • People waiting one behind the other; queue
  • Long thin wire, e.g. for electrical signal
  • verb
  • To put material along the inside of something

implementation

Copy vocabulary

US / ˌɪmplɪmen'teɪʃn /

UK / ˌɪmplɪmənˈteʃən /

B1
  • noun
  • A practical means for accomplishing something

criminal

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈkrɪmɪnl /

UK / ˈkrɪmənəl /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Involving illegal activity; relating to crime
  • Not justifiable; shameful
  • noun
  • Person who commits a crime

well

Copy vocabulary

US / wel /

UK / wɛl /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being in a fortunate, good condition or state
  • Healthy and in good condition
  • adverb
  • In an acceptable, proper, or successful manner
  • In a complete, total, or full manner
  • A great and considerable degree
  • In a successful way, in a good or satisfactory way
  • exclamation
  • Used to begin or continue a particular statement
  • Used to show you want to start saying something
  • Used to express that you are waiting for a reply
  • You say this to change the topic of a conversation
  • Used to indicate you are making a final remark
  • noun
  • Long deep hole in the ground to get water
  • verb
  • To cause your eyes to fill with tears

senator

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈsenətə(r) /

UK / ˈsɛnətɚ /

B2
  • noun
  • An elected politician belonging to the senate

land

Copy vocabulary

US / lænd /

UK / lænd /

A1
  • noun
  • Region or country
  • Earth; the ground
  • verb
  • To arrive or cause a boat to arrive at the shore
  • To obtain or get something that you wanted
  • To (cause to) come down to the ground safely
  • To cause to arrive in a specific place or state

harm

Copy vocabulary

US / hɑ:m /

UK / hɑrm /

A2
  • noun
  • Damage or injury
  • verb
  • To damage, injure, or hurt someone or something

those

Copy vocabulary

US / ðəʊz /

UK / ðoz /

A1
  • determiner
  • The people or things we are talking about
  • pronoun
  • The objects far from the speaker

face

Copy vocabulary

US / feɪs /

UK / fes /

A1
  • noun
  • Side or outer surface of something
  • An expression using mouth, nose, eyes etc.
  • Front part of the head where eyes, mouth etc. are
  • Characteristics you show in public
  • verb
  • To cover a surface with something like paint
  • To deal with a problem or responsibilities
  • To look toward; point in a certain direction

elect

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪ'lekt /

UK / ɪˈlɛkt /

B1
  • verb
  • To select someone for a position by voting

for

Copy vocabulary

US / fə(r) /

UK / fɔr,fə /

A1
  • preposition
  • Used to show the purpose, or need of something

detention

Copy vocabulary

US / dɪ'tenʃn /

UK / dɪˈtɛnʃən /

B2
  • noun
  • Act of keeping someone in jail or similar

black

Copy vocabulary

US / blæk /

UK / blæk /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Color of the sky on a dark night
  • noun
  • A person with dark skin, often of African origin
  • Person's name
  • verb
  • To fill in something to make it a very dark color

system

Copy vocabulary

US / 'sɪstəm /

UK / ˈsɪstəm /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Working in an organized, logical way
  • noun
  • Set of organized, planned ideas that work together

pursuit

Copy vocabulary

US / pəˈsju:t /

UK / pɚˈsut /

B1
  • noun
  • Act of following someone to catch them
  • Process of attempting to achieve a goal
  • Activity, hobby or sport, done for enjoyment

fact

Copy vocabulary

US / fækt /

UK / fækt /

A1
  • noun
  • Something that is known or proved to be true

such

Copy vocabulary

US / sʌtʃ /

UK / sʌtʃ /

A1
  • determiner
  • Being similar to
  • (Thing) as previously stated or referred to
  • adverb
  • (Used to emphasize the quality of an adjective)

supreme

Copy vocabulary

US / su:ˈpri:m /

UK / sʊˈprim /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Greatest in degree/nature/quality; absolute best
  • Holding the highest power, status or authority

racial

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈreɪʃl /

UK / ˈreʃəl /

B2
  • adjecitve
  • Of or relating to race

hold

Copy vocabulary

US / həʊld /

UK / hold /

A1
  • noun
  • Section of a ship or plane used for storing things
  • Influence or power held over someone
  • Place of support for hands or feet when climbing
  • verb
  • To agree to keep something for someone
  • To have the capacity to support/contain something
  • To control an area and protect it from attack
  • To not allow someone to leave a place
  • To cause an event to happen at a place or time
  • To use hands or arms to carry or keep something
  • To have a specific quality or property
  • To keep an image, belief or feeling in your mind
  • To have or own something
  • To wait before being able to talk on the phone
  • To limit the movement of someone in a sport

work

Copy vocabulary

US / wɜ:k /

UK / wɚk /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Activity completed in order to make money
  • noun
  • The product of some artistic or literary endeavor
  • Everything created by an author, artist, musician
  • Activity you do in order to make money
  • Place of employment
  • Final product or result of a some labor or effort
  • verb
  • To bring into a specific state of success
  • To be functioning properly, e.g. a car
  • To do your job in your company or workplace
  • To make an effort to do something
  • To operate a machine or device

legislator

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈledʒɪsleɪtə(r) /

UK / ˈlɛdʒɪˌsletɚ /

B1
  • noun
  • Someone who makes or enacts laws

take

Copy vocabulary

US / teɪk /

UK / tek /

A1
  • noun
  • Filming of a single scene for TV or the movies
  • verb
  • To accept something that is offered
  • To use a method of traveling, e.g. a bus or train
  • To use a camera to make (a photo)
  • To pick up something and go away with it
  • To study a subject in school
  • To attempt to pass (an exam)
  • To require a certain amount of time, money, space

bring

Copy vocabulary

US / brɪŋ /

UK / brɪŋ /

A1
  • verb
  • To take or go with someone to a place

they

Copy vocabulary

US / ðeɪ /

UK / ðe /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Two or more people, animals, or things

risk

Copy vocabulary

US / rɪsk /

UK / rɪsk /

A1
  • noun
  • Actions that cause potential problems
  • verb
  • To do something potentially dangerous or foolish

thank

Copy vocabulary

US / θæŋk /

UK / θæŋk /

A1
  • verb
  • To tell someone you are grateful to them

act

Copy vocabulary

US / ækt /

UK / ækt /

A1
  • noun
  • What someone did; action; behavior
  • A law or rule passed by a government we must obey
  • One of the parts that a stage play is divided into
  • verb
  • To behave in a certain way
  • To perform on a stage or in a movie

tactic

Copy vocabulary

US / 'tæktɪk /

UK / ˈtæktɪk /

B2
  • noun
  • One of the ways you attempt to achieve a strategy

movement

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈmu:vmənt /

UK / ˈmuvmənt /

A2
  • noun
  • Part of a piece of classical music
  • Group with a shared interest or goal
  • Group sharing the same idea to change society, art
  • Action you do when exercising, e.g. in a gym
  • Part of a piece of music

attorney

Copy vocabulary

US / ə'tɜ:nɪ /

UK / əˈtɚni /

B2
  • noun
  • Person giving legal advice; a lawyer

way

Copy vocabulary

US / weɪ /

UK / we /

A1
  • adverb
  • Used to emphasize the amount of something
  • noun
  • Particular aspect of something being thought about
  • One of various choices that could be made
  • Particular existing condition or state
  • (Often long) distance or length of time
  • How something is done
  • Route to go to a place
  • Small street
  • Usual behavior, emotions or habits of someone

their

Copy vocabulary

US / ðɛː /

UK / ðer /

A1
  • determiner
  • Belonging to them

move

Copy vocabulary

US / mu:v /

UK / muv /

A1
  • noun
  • Act of moving a playing piece in chess, etc.
  • An action; doing something
  • Step taken to achieve a goal
  • verb
  • To cause someone to have certain emotions
  • To cause something to change to a different place
  • To change where people live or a business operates
  • To take action to do or achieve something

lake

Copy vocabulary

US / leɪk /

UK / lek /

A2
  • noun
  • Large area of water surrounded by land

implement

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈɪmplɪment /

UK / ˈɪmpləmənt /

B1
  • noun
  • A tool
  • verb
  • To start to do something you plan to do

ashamed

Copy vocabulary

US / ə'ʃeɪmd /

UK / əˈʃemd /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Feeling of shame or guilt

who

Copy vocabulary

US / hu: /

UK / hu /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Which person
  • Used to introduce information about people

everyone

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈevriwʌn /

UK / ˈɛvriˌwʌn /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Every person; everybody

court

Copy vocabulary

US / kɔ:t /

UK / kɔrt, kort /

A2
  • noun
  • Place king or queen meet people, makes laws etc.
  • Place where legal cases are decided
  • Large, flat area, to play tennis or basketball
  • verb
  • To act in a way to shows you wish to marry someone
  • To encourage dangerous behavior
  • To pay attention to someone to get their support

all

Copy vocabulary

US / ɔ:l /

UK / ɔl /

A1
  • adverb
  • Completely; totally
  • determiner
  • Being every one of something
  • pronoun
  • 100% of something; the complete amount

public

Copy vocabulary

US / 'pʌblɪk /

UK / ˈpʌblɪk /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Owned by the government
  • Concerning society in general
  • Being available or accessible to people in general
  • Known or able to be known by all people

moment

Copy vocabulary

US / 'məʊmənt /

UK / 'moʊmənt /

A1
  • noun
  • Very short or brief period of time
  • A particular period in time

eric

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈerɪk /

UK / /

A1

could

Copy vocabulary

US / kəd /

UK / kʊd /

A1
  • other
  • Past form of 'can' to mean have ability
  • Used to ask for something politely, or to offer

determination

Copy vocabulary

US / dɪˌtɜ:mɪˈneɪʃn /

UK / dɪˌtɚməˈneʃən /

B1
  • noun
  • Will to achieve a goal despite difficulties

last

Copy vocabulary

US / lɑ:st /

UK / læst /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Most recent; the latest
  • The one before
  • adverb
  • Final; with nothing following; after all others
  • Most recent; the latest
  • determiner
  • The one at the end
  • verb
  • To remain or continue for a certain period of time

have

Copy vocabulary

US / həv /

UK / hæv /

A1
  • verb
  • To drink, smoke, eat or use something
  • To experience the effects of something
  • To organize an event, or join in an activity
  • To own, possess, or hold something
  • To cause to happen or produce a particular effect

disproportionately

Copy vocabulary

US / ˌdɪsprə'pɔ:ʃənətlɪ /

UK / ˌdɪsprə'pɔ:ʃənətlɪ /

B2
  • adverb
  • To too great a degree when compared to something

focus

Copy vocabulary

US / 'fəʊkəs /

UK / ˈfokəs /

A2
  • noun
  • Main purpose or center of interest or activity
  • verb
  • To see clearly by adjusting your eyes or a camera
  • To keep your attention, concentration on one thing

end

Copy vocabulary

US / end /

UK / ɛnd /

A1
  • noun
  • The point where a process or activity stops
  • A point that marks the limit of something; finish
  • Goal or desired result
  • The tip, edge or limit of something
  • verb
  • To be the last part of something

relentless

Copy vocabulary

US / rɪ'lentləs /

UK / rɪˈlɛntlɪs /

C1
  • adjecitve
  • Continuing without slowing or losing strength

whom

Copy vocabulary

US / hu:m /

UK / hum /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Used in formal writing or speech

inequity

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪnˈekwəti /

UK / ɪnˈɛkwɪti /

B1
  • noun
  • Lack of fairness or equal treatment

group

Copy vocabulary

US / ɡru:p /

UK / ɡrup /

A1
  • noun
  • Two or more musicians who play music together
  • Number of people or things gathered together
  • verb
  • To combine or collect objects or people together

counsel

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈkaʊnsl /

UK / ˈkaʊnsəl /

B1
  • verb
  • To listen and give expert advice to someone

community

Copy vocabulary

US / kə'mju:nətɪ /

UK / kəˈmjunɪti /

A2
  • noun
  • Group of people who share a common idea or area

with

Copy vocabulary

US / wɪð /

UK / wɪð, wɪθ /

A1
  • preposition
  • As an employee of a certain company
  • Against something or someone
  • By using something as a means
  • Due to; because of
  • Including
  • Possessing as a feature
  • Related to
  • (Of the manner/attitude by which you do something)
  • Used to express that people or things are together

tenure

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈtenjə(r) /

UK / ˈtɛnjɚ, -ˌjʊr /

B2
  • noun
  • Land or buildings one owns
  • Permanent right to (e.g. university teaching) job
  • Period of time which a particular office is held

process

Copy vocabulary

US / prə'ses /

UK / ˈprɑsˌɛs, ˈproˌsɛs /

A2
  • noun
  • Dealing with official forms in the way required
  • Set of changes that occur slowly and naturally
  • verb
  • To organize and use data in a computer
  • To deal with official forms in the way required
  • To prepare by treating something in a certain way
  • To adopt a set of actions that produce a result
  • To convert by putting something through a machine

transformative

Copy vocabulary

US / ˌtræns'fɔ:mətɪv /

UK / ˌtræns'fɔ:mətɪv /

A1
  • other

history

Copy vocabulary

US / 'hɪstrɪ /

UK / ˈhɪstəri /

A2
  • noun
  • Established pattern or record
  • Study of past events as an academic subject

office

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈɒfɪs /

UK / ˈɔ:fɪs /

A1
  • noun
  • Room or building used for business
  • Important job position, often in a government

prepare

Copy vocabulary

US / prɪˈpeə(r) /

UK / prɪˈper /

A1
  • verb
  • To make something ready for use

two

Copy vocabulary

US / tu: /

UK / tu /

A1
  • number
  • 2

mitchell

Copy vocabulary

US / mɪ'steɪk /

UK / mɪˈstek /

A1

only

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈəunli /

UK / ˈonli /

A1
  • adverb
  • Just one; just that amount or thing; not more than
  • Not very important or serious
  • Just that type of thing, person
  • Short time ago; not before a certain time
  • conjunction
  • Except; but

front

Copy vocabulary

US / frʌnt /

UK / frʌnt /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Opposite of back; the forward part of an object
  • noun
  • Behavior not showing a person's true feelings
  • Area where fighting in a war is happening
  • Place where air of different temperatures meets
  • verb
  • To have the forward part facing something
  • To lead a group of people, usually a band

resource

Copy vocabulary

US / riˈsɔ:s /

UK / ˈriˌsɔrs, -ˌsors, -ˌzɔrs, -ˌzors, rɪˈsɔrs, -ˈsors, /

A2
  • noun
  • Something that can be used profitably; asset
  • An essential supply of something
  • Resourcefulness; ability to deal with problems
  • verb
  • To obtain (e.g. oil, gas) from its source

over

Copy vocabulary

US / 'əʊvə(r) /

UK / ˈovɚ /

A1
  • adverb
  • Finished; no longer happening
  • Towards the ground/away from a standing position
  • noun
  • A set of six consecutive balls bowled in cricket
  • other
  • Finished
  • preposition
  • Showing the relation when a thing is above another
  • On or covering something
  • Above or across something
  • More than you need
  • From one side to the other
  • In the direction of; toward

out

Copy vocabulary

US / aʊt /

UK / aʊt /

A1
  • adverb
  • No longer stylish (e.g. fashion)
  • Away from home, business, or the usual place
  • In a direction/movement away from inside or center
  • noun
  • Act when a batter cannot continue playing
  • verb
  • To tell people a secret

from

Copy vocabulary

US / frəm /

UK / frʌm, frɑm,frəm /

A1
  • preposition
  • Starting at a particular place, time or level

along

Copy vocabulary

US / əˈlɒŋ /

UK / əˈlɔ:ŋ /

A1
  • adverb
  • As a companion; taken with someone
  • preposition
  • At a point on a line

administration

Copy vocabulary

US / ədˌmɪnɪˈstreɪʃn /

UK / ædˌmɪnɪˈstreʃən /

B1
  • noun
  • Act of giving e.g. medicine to a patient
  • The work of running something, e.g. a business
  • People managing a business, government etc.

peter

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈpi:tə(r) /

UK / ˈpitɚ /

A1
  • noun
  • Disciple of Jesus and leader of the Apostles; regarded by Catholics as the vicar of Christ on earth

keep

Copy vocabulary

US / ki:p /

UK / kip /

A1
  • noun
  • Large, strong tower in the middle of a castle
  • Money spent on you so you can live in a place
  • verb
  • To continue doing something; not to stop
  • To stop balls going in a goal in sports
  • To not give back or return something
  • (Of food) to not spoil or not rot
  • To take possession of something to own, e.g. a pet
  • To have and continue to hold something
  • To do something that you have promised or agreed
  • To stay in a certain place or condition
  • To maintain the rules

where

Copy vocabulary

US / hwɛə /

UK / hwɛr, wɛr /

A1
  • conjunction
  • At or in the place which
  • In whatever place
  • pronoun
  • Word you use to ask the location of something

significantly

Copy vocabulary

US / sɪgˈnɪfɪkəntli /

UK / sɪɡˈnɪfəkəntlɪ /

A2
  • adverb
  • In a way that is important or noticeable
  • In a way that is meaningful

money

Copy vocabulary

US / 'mʌnɪ /

UK / ˈmʌni /

A1
  • noun
  • Coins or notes we use to pay for things

defender

Copy vocabulary

US / dɪˈfendə(r) /

UK / dɪˈfɛndɚ /

B1
  • noun
  • Fighter who fights against attack

base

Copy vocabulary

US / beɪs /

UK / bes /

A2
  • noun
  • Place military personnel live, train, and operate
  • Bottom part of an object that touches a surface
  • Unit of counting, e.g. 10 for counting
  • Most important idea or ingredient to add others
  • Origin or start from which something came
  • Main place where an organization or a person works
  • verb
  • To use as the starting point or origin for
  • To have as the main location for (company, etc.)

and

Copy vocabulary

US / ənd /

UK / ənd, ən,ænd /

A1
  • conjunction
  • Used to refer to two or more things
  • Plus; in addition; on top of that
  • Used to introduce an action that follows another

particular

Copy vocabulary

US / pəˈtɪkjələ(r) /

UK / pɚˈtɪkjəlɚ, pəˈtɪk- /

B2
  • adjecitve
  • One specific (one)
  • Having firm ideas about what is desirable
  • Being special or more than is typical

effort

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈefət /

UK / ˈɛfət /

A2
  • noun
  • Amount of work used trying to do something

assure

Copy vocabulary

US / əˈʃʊə(r) /

UK / əˈʃʊr /

A2
  • verb
  • To confirm; state with certainty something is so
  • To make sure that something happens

versus

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈvə:səs /

UK / ˈvɚsəs, -səz /

A2
  • preposition
  • Used to show that two things are competing

root

Copy vocabulary

US / ru:t /

UK / rut, rʊt /

A2
  • noun
  • Emotional connection with a place, history etc.
  • The origin or starting place of something
  • A number that is multiplied by itself
  • Part of plant growing underground, as to get water
  • Part of tooth, hair etc. from which the rest grows
  • Base part of a word to which affixes can be added
  • verb
  • To cause a plant to develop or grow roots
  • (Animals) to search for e.g. food in earth
  • To stop someone moving, as through fear

other

Copy vocabulary

US / 'ʌðə(r) /

UK / ˈʌðər /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • A thing different from that mentioned
  • determiner
  • (Something) else; not the first (one)
  • pronoun
  • Being the one and only thing of that category

one

Copy vocabulary

US / wʌn /

UK / wʌn /

A1
  • pronoun
  • You; we; people in general; someone
  • The thing or person previously referred to
  • adjecitve
  • Used to refer to people generally
  • Being a strong example of (something mentioned)
  • number
  • Number 1

forward

Copy vocabulary

US / 'fɔ:wəd /

UK / ˈfɔrwəd /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Toward what is ahead; in front
  • Acting in a socially aggressive manner; pushy
  • adverb
  • Toward the front in place; in front
  • Toward a future time; to a more advanced state
  • verb
  • To send something to another address or person

fair

Copy vocabulary

US / feə(r) /

UK / fɛr /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Neither very good nor very bad; average
  • (Of skin) light colored; not dark
  • Quite good; quite a lot
  • Treating all people the same way
  • (Of hair) light colored; blonde
  • (Of weather) sunny; not raining
  • noun
  • Event for companies to show their products
  • Event to sell things to help a charity

entire

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪn'taɪə(r) /

UK / ɛnˈtaɪr /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Complete or full; with no part left out; whole

determinant

Copy vocabulary

US / dɪˈtɜ:mɪnənt /

UK / dɪˈtɜ:rmɪnənt /

A2
  • noun
  • Something that strongly influences a result

tremendous

Copy vocabulary

US / trəˈmendəs /

UK / trɪˈmɛndəs /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Very good or very impressive

this

Copy vocabulary

US / ðɪs /

UK / ðɪs /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Used to indicate something already been discussed
  • Used to indicate something happening around now
  • adverb
  • An indication by a physical motion or gesture
  • A specific amount of
  • determiner
  • Person, thing, or idea near you
  • pronoun
  • Person, thing that has already been discussed

ready

Copy vocabulary

US / 'redɪ /

UK / ˈrɛdi /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being likely or about to do something
  • Being willing to do a task
  • verb
  • To prepare something for use or action

judge

Copy vocabulary

US / dʒʌdʒ /

UK / dʒʌdʒ /

A2
  • noun
  • Person who decides on the results of a contest
  • Person who has the power to make a decision
  • verb
  • To reach a decision about who won a contest
  • To form an opinion after careful consideration
  • To make a decision in court

make

Copy vocabulary

US / meɪk /

UK / mek /

A1
  • noun
  • Product made by a particular company; brand
  • verb
  • To arrange or prepare something e.g. dinner
  • To get to (a place) on time
  • To gain the status of (teacher, lawyer, etc.)
  • To create something by putting things together
  • To earn a certain amount of money at a job
  • To cause or force a person to do something
  • To cause something to happen or be formed

dismantle

Copy vocabulary

US / dɪs'mæntl /

UK / dɪsˈmæntl /

B2
  • verb
  • To take something apart in an organized way

misinformation

Copy vocabulary

US / ˌmɪsɪnfə'meɪʃn /

UK / ˌmɪsɪnfə'meɪʃn /

B1
  • noun
  • Information that is incorrect

stand

Copy vocabulary

US / stænd /

UK / stænd /

A1
  • noun
  • Effort to fight against something
  • Piece of furniture; device to hold or support
  • Place in a stadium where spectators watch
  • Table where things are sold at a fair or market
  • verb
  • To be a candidate in an election
  • To be able to accept someone, something; bear
  • To last for a long time
  • To be upright; not be sitting or lying down
  • To place something in a particular position; place
  • To be (as stated)
  • To still be valid
  • To have an opinion about something

truly

Copy vocabulary

US / 'tru:lɪ /

UK / ˈtruli /

A2
  • adverb
  • In accordance with truth, fact or reality; really

state

Copy vocabulary

US / steɪt /

UK / stet /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Concerning region within a country
  • noun
  • Region within a country, with its own government
  • Situation or condition something is in
  • verb
  • To say; declare as fact

poverty

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈpɔvəti /

UK / ˈpɑvəti /

B1
  • noun
  • State of being poor
  • Lack of something necessary

you

Copy vocabulary

US / jʊ /

UK / ju /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Person someone is speaking or writing to
  • Person or people in general

year

Copy vocabulary

US / jə: /

UK / jɪr /

A1
  • noun
  • Unit of time equal to 12 months or 365 or 366 days
  • Used to refer to the age of a person

simply

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈsɪmpli /

UK / ˈsɪmpli /

A1
  • adverb
  • In an easy or clear manner

colleague

Copy vocabulary

US / 'kɒli:ɡ /

UK / ˈkɑlˌiɡ /

A2
  • noun
  • Person you work or cooperate with

climate

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈklaɪmət /

UK / ˈklaɪmɪt /

A2
  • noun
  • Typical weather conditions in a particular place

accountable

Copy vocabulary

US / əˈkaʊntəbl /

UK / əˈkaʊntəbəl /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Be responsible to someone or for some activity

the

Copy vocabulary

US / ðə /

UK / ðə /

A1
  • article
  • Used to refer to something already mentioned
  • Used to show there is only one of something
  • determiner
  • Used to describe all of a family

tireless

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈtaɪələs /

UK / ˈtaɪərləs /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Without stopping or losing energy to do something

seek

Copy vocabulary

US / si:k /

UK / sik /

A2
  • verb
  • To ask someone for help
  • To search for; try to find or do; look for
  • To try to achieve something

lead

Copy vocabulary

US / li:d /

UK / lid /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being the main part in movies or plays
  • noun
  • Wire for electricity, computer, etc.; cable
  • Information that could help to solve a crime
  • Main part in a play or movie
  • Heavy, gray metal element
  • Rope used to tie something to stop it escaping
  • Act of being at the front in a race or game
  • verb
  • To show the way or guide others
  • To be at the front of a race or game
  • To travel in front of; go in advance of others

enforcement

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪn'fɔ:smənt /

UK / ɪn'fɔ:smənt /

B1
  • noun
  • Process of making sure that rules are followed

right

Copy vocabulary

US / raɪt /

UK / raɪt /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Correct or true
  • The south side of you looking at the rising sun
  • adverb
  • Exactly in a place or time
  • Being appropriate for a particular event
  • In a straight or direct manner
  • noun
  • Something you are legally or morally allowed to do
  • Ideal of what is just and good
  • Political view based on conservatism
  • verb
  • To fix something previously wrong or unjust
  • To make upright, as a boat that has turned over

disenfranchise

Copy vocabulary

US / ˌdɪsɪnˈfræntʃaɪz /

UK / ˌdɪsɪn'fræntʃaɪz /

C2
  • verb
  • To deprive someone of their rights, e.g. to vote

step

Copy vocabulary

US / step /

UK / stɛp /

A1
  • noun
  • Movement done as part of a particular dance
  • Distance covered by one movement of a leg; stride
  • One part or stage in a process
  • Sound made by the feet while walking; footstep
  • Flat horizontal piece that forms stairs
  • verb
  • To raise and moving the foot to put it down

county

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈkaʊnti /

UK / ˈkaʊnti /

A2
  • noun
  • Administrative region within a country or a state

access

Copy vocabulary

US / 'ækses /

UK / ˈæksɛs /

A2
  • noun
  • Way to enter a place, e.g. a station or stadium
  • verb
  • To be able to use or have permission to use

language

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈlæŋgwɪdʒ /

UK / ˈlæŋɡwɪdʒ /

A1
  • noun
  • Words or signs used to communicate messages

fight

Copy vocabulary

US / faɪt /

UK / faɪt /

A1
  • noun
  • An argument or quarrel
  • Act of trying to hurt someone by hitting them
  • A struggle to do a difficult task
  • verb
  • To argue or quarrel with someone about something
  • To try to hurt someone by hitting them
  • To struggle to do a difficult task

uncomfortable

Copy vocabulary

US / ʌnˈkʌmftəbl /

UK / ʌnˈkʌmfətəbəl, -ˈkʌmftə- /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Not being relaxed; worried about something

that

Copy vocabulary

US / ðæt /

UK / ðæt, ðət /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • The person or thing being talked about
  • Used to identify something both the speakers know
  • adverb
  • Used to reinforce adjectives and adverbs
  • To such a degree
  • conjunction
  • Used to connect a noun clause
  • Used to introduce an adverbial clause
  • Used to introduce a noun clause
  • determiner
  • Used as a noun to refer to something
  • pronoun
  • Referring an object far away
  • Used to refer to the relative pronoun ‘which’

people

Copy vocabulary

US / 'pi:pl /

UK / ˈpipəl /

A1
  • noun
  • Persons sharing culture, country, background, etc.
  • Men, Women, Children

impact

Copy vocabulary

US / 'ɪmpækt /

UK / ˈɪmˌpækt /

A2
  • noun
  • A striking effect or result to hit with force
  • Very strong influence
  • Act or force of one thing hitting something else
  • verb
  • To hit or strike someone or something with force

again

Copy vocabulary

US / ə'ɡen /

UK / əˈɡɛn /

A1
  • adverb
  • One more time, once more

thankful

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈθæŋkfl /

UK / ˈθæŋkf(ə)l /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Feeling or showing you are grateful

great

Copy vocabulary

US / ɡreɪt /

UK / ɡret /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Very large in size
  • Very important
  • Very good; fantastic; wonderful
  • adverb
  • Very good; better than before
  • noun
  • Successful and well-admired person

stakeholder

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈsteɪkhəʊldə(r) /

UK / ˈsteɪkhoʊldə(r) /

C2
  • noun
  • Someone who holds a financial share of a business

political

Copy vocabulary

US / pəˈlɪtɪkl /

UK / pəˈlɪtɪkəl /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Being active or interested in government matters
  • Diplomatic
  • Of the system of elections and government
  • Concerning government or public affairs
  • Involved in getting of power/influence in a group

lack

Copy vocabulary

US / læk /

UK / læk /

A2
  • noun
  • The state of not having or not having enough of
  • A shortage of something
  • verb
  • To not have, or not have enough, of something

wither

Copy vocabulary

US / 'wɪðə(r) /

UK / ˈwɪðɚ /

B2
  • verb
  • To become drier and smaller, as when dead or dying
  • To lose vitality, energy or force

president

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈprezɪdənt /

UK / ˈprɛzɪdənt,-ˌdɛnt /

A2
  • noun
  • Person in charge of a country, or organization

first

Copy vocabulary

US / fɜ:st /

UK / fɚst /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • 1st; Coming before all others in time or place
  • noun
  • Something that has not happened before
  • Position of the winner of a competition

firm

Copy vocabulary

US / fɜ:m /

UK / fɚm /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Fairly hard or solid, not soft
  • Unchanging and strong
  • noun
  • Company that sells goods or services
  • verb
  • To make something become more solid or durable

advocate

Copy vocabulary

US / 'ædvəkeɪt /

UK / ˈædvəˌket /

B1
  • noun
  • A lawyer who protects a clients interests
  • Person who supports a movement for changes
  • verb
  • To request change
  • To publicly support a belief
  • Introduction to Video Content
  • In a historic ruling, the Illinois Supreme Court has upheld a law that puts an end to cash bail in the state. This decision has been celebrated by Kim Foxx, the Cook County State's Attorney, and Toni Preckwinkle, the President of Cook County. Foxx praises the hard work and collaboration that went into this achievement, acknowledging the efforts of Cook County stakeholders and the coalition to end money bail. She emphasizes that the ruling aligns with the message advocated by activists for the past 10 years - that a justice system based on wealth rather than public safety is unjust and cannot be sustained.Under the new system, pretrial detention determinations will be based on an individual's risk to the community rather than their ability to pay cash. This groundbreaking change positions Illinois as the first state in the nation to prioritize community safety over monetary considerations. Foxx expresses her pride in Cook County for actively preparing for this law through the joint efforts of President Preckwinkle, public defender Sharone Mitchell, Chief Judge Evans, and other stakeholders.The Cook County State's Attorney's Office assures the community that they are ready to handle the implementation of this new approach. Their commitment is to foster safe, just, and equitable communities. The ruling signifies a shift towards a fairer system that does not criminalize poverty or marginalize communities due to their lack of financial resources. Instead, the focus will be on holding those who cause harm accountable, marking a truly historic moment in the pursuit of justice.
  • Subtitles section
  • This is truly a historic day.
  • By ending money bond, we've taken a significant step forward.
  • This is truly a historic day and a day I am proud to be Cook County State's Attorney, having worked alongside the Cook County stakeholders for years, as well as the coalition to end money bond in their relentless pursuit to ensure that we had a criminal justice system that was fair and equitable.
  • Today's ruling by the Illinois Supreme Court affirms with those who have been on the front lines of this movement for the last 10 years have been saying all along that our system that previously was based on wealth-based and not on public safety could no longer stand.
  • Today's ruling allows for determinations on pretrial detention to be made on a person's risk of harm versus their ability to access cash.
  • That is historic.
  • Illinois becoming the first state in the nation to ensure that money is not the determinant of one's risk to community is one for which we should be proud.
  • Here in Cook County, the stakeholders led by President Pratt-Winkle, as well as our public defender, Sharone Mitchell, our Chief Judge Evans and others have been working over the last two years to ensure that when this became the law of the land,
  • We would be ready.
  • And I want to assure the people here in Cook County that we are in fact ready that the Cook County State's Attorney's Office stands prepared to ensure that our communities are safe, just and equitable.
  • Today's ruling ensuring that we will no longer criminalize poverty, disenfranchise communities simply because of their lack of cash and focus on keeping those who cause harm to our communities accountable is a historic,
  • Historic day.
  • I'm incredibly proud and thankful to the Coalition to End Money Bond, again, for their relentless pursuit, for our legislators who in the face of withering criticism and political tactics continue to hold firm.
  • And for my fellow colleagues, State's Attorney Eric Reinhart from Lake County, who when we were one of two, he was one of two of us who stood in the face of misinformation and disinformation.
  • And I will not allow the moment to pass to say that it was other state's attorneys and sheriffs and others in law enforcement who sought to stand in the way of the implementation of this law.
  • And that the fact of the matter is out of 102 state's attorneys, there were only two who said that this was the right thing to do.
  • In doing so in a political climate that made it uncomfortable, in a political climate that was rooted in language that was as a prosecutor, one was ashamed of, this moment standing on the right side of history is one that in my tenure as state's attorney,
  • I am significantly, significantly proud.
  • Good morning, everyone.
  • This is a great day.
  • By ending money bond, we've taken a significant step forward in dismantling a criminal justice system that disproportionately impacts our black and brown communities.
  • The use of money bond has perpetuated systemic racial injustice and exacerbated the inequities faced by communities of color.
  • So today's ruling is a true testament to the tireless efforts of our criminal justice offices, elected officials, such as Senator Peters, advocacy groups and community stakeholders.
  • In particular, the entire coalition to end money bond, all of whom have fought to bring us here today and have been tremendous advocates in this fight.
  • Together, we've engaged in an unprecedented collaborative process to prepare for this transformative moment.
  • We stand united in our support of court system stakeholders as they move forward with pretrial fairness act reforms, ending money bond and implementing a pretrial process rooted in equity and community safety.
  • And my administration stands ready to provide resources and counsel where we can be of service.
  • Thank you all.