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How to spot a Liar | Pamela Meyer (TED Talk Summary)

Video vocabulary

conversation

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US / ˌkɒnvəˈseɪʃn /

UK / ˌkɑnvɚˈseʃən /

A2
  • noun
  • Talking with other people; discussion or chat

hear

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US / hɪə(r) /

UK / hɪr /

A1
  • verb
  • To be aware of sound; to perceive with the ear
  • To be told or find out information or facts
  • To consider or listen to a court case

overlook

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US / ˌəʊvəˈlʊk /

UK / ˌoʊvərˈlʊk /

B1
  • verb
  • To look down on; be able to see from
  • To miss noticing a mistake or problem

sincerity

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US / sɪn'serətɪ /

UK / sɪnˈsɛrɪti /

A2
  • noun
  • The quality of being open and truthful

foot

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US / fʊt /

UK / fʊt /

A1
  • noun
  • Base of something such as a mountain or vase
  • Length of 12 inches or about 25 cm
  • Lowest part of the leg we use to stand on

know

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US / nəʊ /

UK / noʊ /

A1
  • verb
  • To be familiar with a person or place, thing
  • To feel sure or be convinced about something
  • To discover or be aware of something
  • To be able to distinguish
  • To have knowledge of things

often

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US / ˈɔfən /

UK / ˈɔfən,ˈɑfən,ˈɔftən,ˈɑf- /

A1
  • adverb
  • Many times; frequently; on many occasions

slightly

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US / ˈslaɪtli /

UK / ˈslaɪtli /

B1
  • adverb
  • Only a little

willing

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US / 'wɪlɪŋ /

UK / ˈwɪlɪŋ /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Act of making a choice
  • verb
  • To leave property to someone after your death
  • To use mental effort to make something happen
  • To influence someone to do something
  • To make something happen by strongly wanting it

dangerous

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US / ˈdeɪndʒərəs /

UK / ˈdendʒərəs /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Involving the chance of hurt or damage; risky

discrepancy

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US / dɪs'krepənsɪ /

UK / dɪˈskrɛpənsi /

B1
  • noun
  • Difference between amounts that should be the same

honest

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US / ˈɒnɪst /

UK / ˈɑnɪst /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Good, truthful, sincere, or faithful; trustworthy

muscle

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US / 'mʌsl /

UK / ˈmʌsəl /

A2
  • noun
  • Physical power
  • Body tissue that moves parts of the body
  • verb
  • To use or muscles of force to get what you want

with

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US / wɪð /

UK / wɪð, wɪθ /

A1
  • preposition
  • As an employee of a certain company
  • Against something or someone
  • By using something as a means
  • Due to; because of
  • Including
  • Possessing as a feature
  • Related to
  • (Of the manner/attitude by which you do something)
  • Used to express that people or things are together

low

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US / ləʊ /

UK / lo /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Having a small quantity, supply, or amount
  • Being unhappy or unpleasant in attitude
  • Not high; being near the ground, or bottom
  • (Of a voice, sound) being soft; quiet
  • noun
  • Situation of not having a lot of something

see

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US / si: /

UK / si /

A1
  • verb
  • To go on a date with someone
  • To predict whether something is, or will be true
  • To understand what someone says
  • To use your eyes to look at something
  • To visit a place often for sightseeing or pleasure
  • To visit or meet with someone
  • To find out by waiting or looking
  • To watch (a game, movie or TV show)

flash

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US / flæʃ /

UK / flæʃ /

B1
  • noun
  • Sudden and brief appearance of something
  • Light used by a camera to brighten the area
  • Sudden feeling, idea or occurrence
  • Publicly exposing your genitals to others
  • Sudden bright light
  • Showing something very quickly and briefly
  • Light used in the dark, powered by batteries
  • verb
  • To appear suddenly and briefly
  • To publicly expose your genitals to others
  • To shine brightly very suddenly and briefly
  • To show something very quickly and briefly

fidget

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US / 'fɪdʒɪt /

UK / ˈfɪdʒɪt /

C1
  • noun
  • a small movement that somebody makes repeatedly because they are nervous or bored
  • verb
  • to make continuous, small movements because you are nervous or bored

have

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US / həv /

UK / hæv /

A1
  • verb
  • To drink, smoke, eat or use something
  • To experience the effects of something
  • To organize an event, or join in an activity
  • To own, possess, or hold something
  • To cause to happen or produce a particular effect

interrogator

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US / ɪn'terəɡeɪtə(r) /

UK / ɪnˈtɛrəɡetɚ /

B2
  • noun
  • Someone who asks questions in a forceful way

presence

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US / ˈprezns /

UK / ˈprɛzəns /

A2
  • noun
  • The same place or area that a person is
  • Ability to reach a market, group of people etc.
  • Something not physically seen but felt to be there
  • Feeling a person gives by being noticeable

mark

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US / mɑ:k /

UK / mɑrk /

A2
  • noun
  • Person's name
  • A dirty spot or line on something
  • Grade or score given for homework
  • Line or symbol made when writing
  • Particular point on a scale of measurement
  • Grade, such as a student receives in school
  • Stain or spot on something
  • Sign or symbol of a quality of feeling
  • Written sign or symbol
  • verb
  • To put a dirty spot or line on something
  • To give a grade for homework
  • To indicate something with a sign or symbol
  • To make or leave a visible sign of (path, etc.)
  • (Animals) to go to the toilet to show your area
  • To write or draw a line on something

relation

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US / rɪˈleɪʃn /

UK / rɪˈleɪʃn /

A2
  • noun
  • Connection between two or more things
  • A member of your family
  • Way in which two or more things are connected

upper

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US / ˈʌpə(r) /

UK / ˈʌpɚ /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Located above others of the same kind
  • Being the northern part of a region
  • Being closer to the source of a river
  • noun
  • Drug that improves mood or increases energy
  • Something happy or encouraging
  • Top part of a shoe, other than the flat bottom

subtle

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US / 'sʌtl /

UK / ˈsʌtl /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Delicate or slight so it is difficult to perceive
  • Clever or indirect but hides the true purpose

gesture

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US / 'dʒestʃə(r) /

UK / ˈdʒɛstʃɚ /

A2
  • noun
  • Bodily movement expressing a particular meaning
  • Something you do to express gratitude, regret etc.
  • verb
  • To move your body to convey a message e.g. wave

hand

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US / hænd /

UK / hænd /

A1
  • noun
  • Cards given to a player in a card game
  • Piece of a clock that points to the time
  • Someone who performs physical tasks or work
  • Body part at the end of a person's arm
  • Help for someone performing a particular action
  • Condition of having power or influence
  • Member of the crew of a ship
  • verb
  • To give something to someone personally

superiority

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US / su:ˌpɪəriˈɒrəti /

UK / suːˌpɪriˈɔːrəti /

B1
  • noun
  • Quality of being more effective, skillful etc.
  • Belief that you are better than others; pride

might

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US / maɪt /

UK / maɪt /

A1
  • other
  • Used to politely request an action
  • Used to express that something could happen
  • Power, strength, force or influence

let

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US / let /

UK / lɛt /

A1
  • verb
  • To allow someone to do something
  • Introducing a suggestion to do something together
  • To rent a house, etc. to others

little

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US / 'lɪtl /

UK / ˈlɪtl /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being short in length of time
  • Not great in size, amount, or degree; small
  • Being very young or younger than others
  • adverb
  • By an amount or degree that is not very much
  • Not often; rarely
  • noun
  • A person's name

person

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US / 'pɜ:sn /

UK / 'pɜ:rsn /

A1
  • noun
  • Man, woman or child

rate

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US / reɪt /

UK / ret /

A1
  • noun
  • Current price or cost of something
  • Speed or frequency of events over time
  • verb
  • To assess something or consider its qualities

the

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US / ðə /

UK / ðə /

A1
  • article
  • Used to refer to something already mentioned
  • Used to show there is only one of something
  • determiner
  • Used to describe all of a family

leak

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US / li:k /

UK / lik /

B1
  • noun
  • Act of (gas, liquid) escaping through a small hole
  • Information released that wasn't supposed to be
  • verb
  • (Of a tire) to have air, liquid escaping; (Of air)
  • To make secret information public
  • (Liquid) to go out of/get in through crack/opening

other

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US / 'ʌðə(r) /

UK / ˈʌðər /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • A thing different from that mentioned
  • determiner
  • (Something) else; not the first (one)
  • pronoun
  • Being the one and only thing of that category

one

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US / wʌn /

UK / wʌn /

A1
  • pronoun
  • You; we; people in general; someone
  • The thing or person previously referred to
  • adjecitve
  • Used to refer to people generally
  • Being a strong example of (something mentioned)
  • number
  • Number 1

pull

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US / pʊl /

UK / pʊl /

A1
  • noun
  • Act of breathing in smoke, as from a pipe
  • Force something has that draws other things to it
  • Using your hands to move something to you
  • verb
  • To breathe in smoke, as from a pipe
  • To hold something and move it toward you
  • To remove something by force

than

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US / ðən /

UK / ðən /

A1
  • conjunction
  • Used to compare two things that are not equal

turn

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US / tɜ:n /

UK / tɚn /

A1
  • noun
  • Place where changing of direction happens
  • Your time or chance to perform a duty
  • Your chance to play or do in say a game
  • Unexpected change, as in the weather
  • verb
  • To become (a particular age)
  • To become a different quality, color, etc.
  • To change the direction of something, e.g. a car
  • To move in an opposite direction or position
  • To shape metal with a spinning tool

whoever

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US / hu:ˈevə(r) /

UK / huˈɛvɚ /

A2
  • pronoun
  • Stronger form of ‘who’
  • Whatever person; any person at all

also

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US / 'ɔ:lsəʊ /

UK / ˈɔlso /

A1
  • adverb
  • In addition; too; in a similar way

kind

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US / kaɪnd /

UK / kaɪnd /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • In a caring and helpful manner
  • friendly and considerate
  • noun
  • One type of thing

woman

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US / ˈwʊmən /

UK / ˈwʊmən /

A1
  • noun
  • Adult female human being

you

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US / jʊ /

UK / ju /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Person someone is speaking or writing to
  • Person or people in general

denial

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US / dɪˈnaɪəl /

UK / dɪˈnaɪəl /

A2
  • noun
  • Statement which claims that something is not true

teach

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US / ti:tʃ /

UK / titʃ /

A1
  • verb
  • To help someone learn or do something

lip

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US / lɪp /

UK / lɪp /

A2
  • noun
  • Edge of a hole or container
  • Top and bottom part of the outside of your mouth

may

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US / meɪ /

UK / me /

A1
  • noun
  • 5th month of the year
  • other
  • Used to express a desire
  • Expresses permission, possibility or probability
  • Used to show that a thing could be true

word

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US / wɜ:d /

UK / wɚd /

A1
  • noun
  • Unit of language that has a meaning
  • Promise
  • Short remark or piece of information
  • verb
  • To express something by choosing particular words

cooperative

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US / kəʊ'ɒpərətɪv /

UK / koˈɑpərətɪv, -əˈretɪv, -ˈɑprə- /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Working together to get something done
  • noun
  • Group working together and buying own products
  • Business or organization owned by its workers

body

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US / ˈbɒd.i /

UK / ˈbɑdi /

A1
  • noun
  • An object distinct from other objects
  • A group of people involved in an activity together
  • Main part of something
  • A person's physical self

convey

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US / kən'veɪ /

UK / kənˈve /

B1
  • verb
  • To carry or transport something
  • To make aware or tell others information
  • Law to transfer property legally between people

make

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US / meɪk /

UK / mek /

A1
  • noun
  • Product made by a particular company; brand
  • verb
  • To arrange or prepare something e.g. dinner
  • To get to (a place) on time
  • To gain the status of (teacher, lawyer, etc.)
  • To create something by putting things together
  • To earn a certain amount of money at a job
  • To cause or force a person to do something
  • To cause something to happen or be formed

order

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US / 'ɔ:də(r) /

UK / ˈɔrdɚ /

A1
  • noun
  • Religious or social group, as of nuns
  • Instructions to others to do what you want
  • State in which things are neat and organized
  • What you ask to buy, e.g. food in restaurant
  • Social or political control of an area
  • verb
  • To put things in a sequence, e.g. a, b, c
  • To give instructions to others to do what you want
  • To ask for something you want to buy, e.g. a meal

freeze

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US / fri:z /

UK / friz /

A2
  • noun
  • Sudden stop to prevent increase or decreases
  • Period of very cold weather under zero degrees
  • verb
  • To harden to a solid below zero degrees
  • To store an item of food in a cold place
  • To make someone to not want to communicate
  • To stop moving and be still; stay the same

pattern

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US / 'pætn /

UK / ˈpætən /

A2
  • noun
  • Model to follow in making or doing something
  • Colors or shapes which are repeated on objects
  • Regular repeated behavior
  • verb
  • To copy the way something else is made

can

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US / kæn /

UK / kən,kæn /

A1
  • noun
  • A metal container for storing food
  • other
  • Able to; have the skill to; have the time to
  • verb
  • To have permission to
  • To be possible to do
  • To preserve food by sealing it in a metal container

moral

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US / ˈmɒrəl /

UK / ˈmɔrəl, ˈmɑr- /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • In a way considered proper and good by most people
  • noun
  • In a way considered proper and good by most people
  • Lesson learned from a story or experience

towards

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US / tə'wɔ:dz /

UK / 'təuədz, twɔ:dz /

A1
  • preposition
  • In the direction of someone or something

now

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US / naʊ /

UK / naʊ /

A1
  • adverb
  • At the present time or moment
  • Right away or in the next possible moment
  • Used to refer to something that just happened
  • Time between the present and a moment in the past
  • conjunction
  • Resulting from or because of something

lenient

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US / ˈli:niənt /

UK / ˈliniənt, ˈlinjənt /

C1
  • adjecitve
  • Not as strict as expected when punishing someone

deception

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US / dɪ'sepʃn /

UK / dɪˈsɛpʃən /

B1
  • noun
  • Use of trickery to make someone believe an untruth

our

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US / 'aʊə(r) /

UK / aʊr /

A1
  • determiner
  • Belonging to us

not

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US / nɒt /

UK / nɑt /

A1
  • adverb
  • Word indicating the negative
  • (Used to form the negative of verbs)

cheek

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US / tʃi:k /

UK / tʃik /

A2
  • noun
  • The soft part of your face that is below your eye and between your mouth and ear
  • verb
  • to be rude to someone

study

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US / 'stʌdɪ /

UK / ˈstʌdi /

A1
  • noun
  • Room that a person studies or reads in
  • Piece of research
  • Topic or subject you research or learn about
  • verb
  • To focus on learning something usually at school

but

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US / bət /

UK / bʌt,bət /

A1
  • conjunction
  • Used before you say something different, opposite

helpful

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US / ˈhelpfl /

UK / ˈhɛlpfəl /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Doing things that help someone

same

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US / seɪm /

UK / sem /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being equal in quality and amount
  • Identical; not different
  • Not changing; constant

come

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US / kʌm /

UK / kʌm /

A1
  • verb
  • To arrive at a place
  • (Of mail) to be delivered
  • To move toward someone; go with someone
  • To reach a certain point or state

distance

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US / 'dɪstəns /

UK / ˈdɪstəns /

A2
  • noun
  • Lack of friendliness toward another person
  • Amount of space between two places or things
  • verb
  • To make it clear that you are not involved

think

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US / θɪŋk /

UK / θɪŋk /

A1
  • verb
  • To have an idea about something without certainty
  • To have an idea, opinion or belief about something

most

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US / məʊst /

UK / most /

A1
  • adverb
  • Very; extremely
  • Greatest possible degree
  • pronoun
  • Nearly all of something

strict

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US / strɪkt /

UK / strɪkt /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Tending to enforce rules; severe
  • (Of orders) that must be obeyed

and

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US / ənd /

UK / ənd, ən,ænd /

A1
  • conjunction
  • Used to refer to two or more things
  • Plus; in addition; on top of that
  • Used to introduce an action that follows another

tone

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US / təʊn /

UK / toʊn /

A2
  • noun
  • Atmosphere or feeling in a message
  • Firmness and strength of the body's muscles
  • Difference in pitch between musical notes
  • Specific shade of color
  • Quality of sound created by a musical instrument
  • Sound of a voice that reveals emotion or meaning
  • verb
  • To increase the quality of muscles by exercise

venture

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US / 'ventʃə(r) /

UK / ˈvɛntʃɚ /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • (Business activity) taking chances or risks
  • noun
  • (Business) activity involving calculated risks
  • verb
  • To risk something, such as money
  • To face the dangers, take the risk of something
  • To say something; to dare to speak your mind

far

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US / fɑ:(r) /

UK / fɑr /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • A long way away
  • Being a long way away
  • adverb
  • To a large degree or extent

another

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US / əˈnʌðə(r) /

UK / əˈnʌðɚ /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • One more, but not this
  • determiner
  • One more added
  • pronoun
  • One more (thing)

real

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US / rɪəl /

UK / ˈriəl, ril /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Actually existing or happening, not imagined
  • Being important or special

warmth

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US / wɔ:mθ /

UK / wɔ:rmθ /

A1
  • noun
  • Quality of kindness, friendliness, or sincerity
  • A friendly manner
  • State of being warm but not hot or cold

forge

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US / fɔ:dʒ /

UK / fɔ:rdʒ /

B1
  • noun
  • A furnace to melt and shape metals with heat
  • verb
  • To create something by hammering hot metal
  • To form something new, such a relationship
  • To make a false copy to deceive others

lie

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US / laɪ /

UK / lai /

A2
  • noun
  • An untrue statement, when you know it is not true
  • verb
  • To be in a horizontal or flat position
  • To say something that you know is not true

rather

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US / 'rɑ:ðə(r) /

UK / ˈræðɚ, ˈrɑðɚ /

A1
  • adverb
  • Somewhat; fairly; not that much

shrug

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US / ʃrʌɡ /

UK / ʃrʌɡ /

B2
  • verb
  • To raise the shoulders to show you don't care

train

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US / treɪn /

UK / tren /

A1
  • noun
  • Line of people, animals moving the same direction
  • Vehicle that carries people and runs on rails
  • Long rear section of a (e.g. wedding) dress
  • Series of events happening one after another
  • verb
  • To teach a pet a behavior or a trick
  • To educate someone in something, e.g. medicine
  • To cause a plant to grow a certain way by cutting
  • To point a certain way or toward something
  • To practice to get better at a thing, e.g. sports

two

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US / tu: /

UK / tu /

A1
  • number
  • 2

consciously

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US / 'kɒnʃəslɪ /

UK / ˈkɑnʃəslɪ /

B1
  • adverb
  • In a manner that is aware, and on purpose

from

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US / frəm /

UK / frʌm, frɑm,frəm /

A1
  • preposition
  • Starting at a particular place, time or level

hot

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US / hɒt /

UK / hɑ:t /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Angry or excited
  • Being very good at something
  • Having a high temperature
  • Popular and causing a great deal of excitement
  • Attractive in a sexually exciting way
  • (Of food) very spicy
  • Stolen; dangerous to buy or trade in

out

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US / aʊt /

UK / aʊt /

A1
  • adverb
  • No longer stylish (e.g. fashion)
  • Away from home, business, or the usual place
  • In a direction/movement away from inside or center
  • noun
  • Act when a batter cannot continue playing
  • verb
  • To tell people a secret

over

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US / 'əʊvə(r) /

UK / ˈovɚ /

A1
  • adverb
  • Finished; no longer happening
  • Towards the ground/away from a standing position
  • noun
  • A set of six consecutive balls bowled in cricket
  • other
  • Finished
  • preposition
  • Showing the relation when a thing is above another
  • On or covering something
  • Above or across something
  • More than you need
  • From one side to the other
  • In the direction of; toward

all

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US / ɔ:l /

UK / ɔl /

A1
  • adverb
  • Completely; totally
  • determiner
  • Being every one of something
  • pronoun
  • 100% of something; the complete amount

produce

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US / prə'dju:s /

UK / prəˈdus, -ˈdjus, pro- /

A1
  • noun
  • Fresh foods such as fruits and vegetables
  • verb
  • To grow something naturally
  • To make something appear
  • To manufacture something using machines
  • To control the making a movie or television show

who

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US / hu: /

UK / hu /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Which person
  • Used to introduce information about people

show

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US / ʃəʊ /

UK / ʃo /

A1
  • noun
  • False display of love, emotion or action
  • An event for displaying or promoting goods
  • Play, opera or theater production
  • Presentation that is broadcast on TV or radio
  • verb
  • To be easily seen or displayed
  • To display your emotions or feelings
  • To let someone see something; display
  • To explain or teach how something is done
  • To lead someone somewhere; point them to something
  • To prove something to be true, correct
  • To reveal or allow something to be seen

vocal

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US / ˈvəʊkl /

UK / ˈvoʊkl /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Expressing an opinion publicly in a loud way
  • Concerning the voice

direction

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US / də'rekʃn /

UK / dɪˈrɛkʃən, daɪ- /

A2
  • noun
  • When someone tells people what to do
  • Describes the way you are going, e.g. North

their

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US / ðɛː /

UK / ðer /

A1
  • determiner
  • Belonging to them

way

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US / weɪ /

UK / we /

A1
  • adverb
  • Used to emphasize the amount of something
  • noun
  • Particular aspect of something being thought about
  • One of various choices that could be made
  • Particular existing condition or state
  • (Often long) distance or length of time
  • How something is done
  • Route to go to a place
  • Small street
  • Usual behavior, emotions or habits of someone

yes

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US / jes /

UK / jɛs /

A1
  • adverb
  • Way to say you agree or will do something

expression

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US / ɪk'spreʃn /

UK / ɪkˈsprɛʃən /

A2
  • noun
  • Act of making your thoughts and feelings known
  • Group of words that have a specific meaning

fake

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US / feɪk /

UK / fek /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Not real; made to look like something real
  • noun
  • A copy of something made to trick people
  • verb
  • To make move in sports to trick a player
  • To try to trick or deceive someone

cap

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US / kæp /

UK / kæp /

B1
  • noun
  • Covering for the end or top of something
  • Small, soft hat often with a front visor or shade
  • An upper limit on the amount of (e.g. budget)
  • verb
  • To cover the top or end of an object
  • To limit the amount of usage of something

dinner

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US / ˈdɪnə(r) /

UK / ˈdɪnɚ /

A1
  • noun
  • Main meal of the day, often eaten in the evening

deceptive

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US / dɪˈseptɪv /

UK / dɪˈsɛptɪv /

B2
  • adjecitve
  • Causing someone to believe what is not true

honesty

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US / 'ɒnəstɪ /

UK / ˈɑnɪsti /

A2
  • noun
  • Being fair and truthful; being honest

look

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US / lʊk /

UK / lʊk /

A1
  • noun
  • Person's beauty or physical attractiveness
  • Particular style of dress, clothes, or appearance
  • The way someone, something appears to be
  • Act of searching for or examining something
  • verb
  • To appear to be; seem

thank

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US / θæŋk /

UK / θæŋk /

A1
  • verb
  • To tell someone you are grateful to them

spot

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US / spɒt /

UK / spɑt /

A2
  • noun
  • A certain place or area
  • A difficult time; awkward situation
  • Place or ranking on a list
  • A small amount of (substance help hard work etc.)
  • Mark caused by a drop of liquid, food, etc.
  • verb
  • To see someone or something by chance

anger

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US / ˈæŋgə(r) /

UK / ˈæŋɡɚ /

A2
  • noun
  • Feelings of being upset, mad or annoyed
  • A strong feeling we can get if we think we're being treated badly
  • verb
  • To make someone mad, upset, or annoyed

celebrate

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US / 'selɪbreɪt /

UK / ˈsɛləˌbret /

A2
  • verb
  • To observe an event or occasion, e.g. a birthday
  • To lead or participate in a religious ceremony
  • To express praise or thanks for something

between

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US / bɪˈtwi:n /

UK / bɪˈtwin /

A1
  • preposition
  • From one person, thing, or place, to another
  • In the space that separates two objects
  • Among two or more people who share something

shoulder

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US / ˈʃəʊldə(r) /

UK / ˈʃoldɚ /

A2
  • noun
  • Part of the body where an arm attaches or joins
  • Meat that comes from an animal's upper front leg
  • Part of a shirt or coat that covers the shoulders
  • verb
  • To carry something around your neck
  • To push something using the top part of your arm
  • To accept a job or responsibility

they

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US / ðeɪ /

UK / ðe /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Two or more people, animals, or things

very

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US / 'verɪ /

UK / ˈvɛri /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Concerning a large degree or amount
  • adverb
  • A lot; much; many
  • Used to stress or emphasize a noun

volume

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US / ˈvɒlju:m /

UK / ˈvɑljum, -jəm /

A2
  • noun
  • Number or amount of something e.g. sales
  • Amount of space that something takes up
  • One book that is part of a set of books
  • Level of sound produced by radio or television

reason

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US / 'ri:zn /

UK / ˈrizən /

A1
  • noun
  • Ability to think about facts and form a judgment
  • Explanation for why something occurred or was done
  • verb
  • To think and make conclusions in a logical manner

side

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US / saɪd /

UK / saɪd /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • In addition to the central or most important thing
  • Next to, or very close to, the right or left of
  • noun
  • Position or opinion that is opposite to another
  • Right or left part of a person's body
  • Feature of someone's personality
  • Straight edge of an object
  • One of two or more groups fighting each other
  • verb
  • To decide to agree with one point, not the other

too

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US / tu: /

UK / tu /

A1
  • adverb
  • In addition, also; with emphasis
  • Say that something is more than you want

contract

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US / 'kɒntrækt /

UK / 'kɑ:ntrækt /

A1
  • noun
  • Legal agreement, e.g. for doing work for money
  • Agreement to pay someone to kill a person
  • verb
  • To become ill as a result of getting a disease
  • To make an agreement for doing work for money
  • To reduce in size, length due to heat loss
  • To reduce the amount of

someone

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US / ˈsʌmwʌn /

UK / ˈsʌmˌwʌn, -wən /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Person who is not known or named

story

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US / 'stɔ:rɪ /

UK / ˈstɔri, ˈstori /

A1
  • noun
  • One of many floors or levels in a building
  • Account or description of how something happened

withdraw

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US / wɪð'drɔ: /

UK / wɪðˈdrɔ, wɪθ- /

B1
  • verb
  • To take money out of a bank account
  • To pull back; move away or backward from something
  • To remove something from its place or position
  • To stop taking a strong, usually illegal, drug
  • To take something back that was given or offered

associate

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US / ə'səʊʃɪeɪt /

UK / əˈsoʊʃiˌeɪt /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Part of a job title indicating a junior position
  • noun
  • Partner in professional work, e.g. in law
  • verb
  • To spend time with other people; mix with
  • To form a connection in your mind between things

point

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US / pɔɪnt /

UK / pɔɪnt /

A1
  • noun
  • An item to be discussed
  • Small spot or dot
  • Fact or detail
  • Feature of something
  • The size of the text on a page or screen
  • A certain time or stage in a process
  • Certain position in time or space
  • Idea or fact you try to convince people about
  • Measurement of scores in a game, sport
  • Sharp end of something, e.g. a pen or pin
  • verb
  • To face a certain direction, e.g. north
  • To indicate something with your finger to others

guess

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US / ɡes /

UK / ɡɛs /

A1
  • noun
  • Answer given when you don't know if it is correct
  • verb
  • To give an answer without knowing if it is correct

ourselves

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US / ɑ:ˈselvz /

UK / aʊrˈsɛlvz, ɑr- /

A2
  • pronoun
  • (Showing speaker is affected by their own action)

will

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US / wɪl /

UK / wɪl /

A1
  • noun
  • Desire or choice of someone
  • Document saying who gets your money when you die
  • Strong desire to do something; determination
  • Desire to do something; strong wish to do
  • other
  • Used with verbs to express the future
  • verb
  • To leave property to someone after your death
  • To use mental effort to make something happen
  • Am (is, are) likely to do
  • To influence someone to do something
  • To make something happen by strongly wanting it

here

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US / hɪə(r) /

UK / hɪr /

A1
  • adverb
  • In this place; at this location, position or time

new

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US / nju: /

UK / nu, nju /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Not old, recently born, built or made
  • Being or doing something for the first time
  • Not felt, seen or known previously
  • Having been recently bought or obtained

rehearse

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US / rɪˈhɜ:s /

UK / rɪˈhɜ:rs /

B1
  • verb
  • To practice e.g. play, speech before a performance

corner

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US / 'kɔ:nə(r) /

UK / ˈkɔrnɚ /

A2
  • noun
  • Place where two lines, sides, corners etc. meet
  • Edges of something, e.g. eyes, boxing ring
  • verb
  • To force into a position impossible to escape from
  • To go around a bend in the road (often by driving)

while

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US / waɪl /

UK / hwaɪl, waɪl /

A1
  • conjunction
  • In spite of the fact that; although
  • During the time that; at the same time
  • noun
  • Short amount of time

enthusiastic

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US / ɪnˌθju:ziˈæstɪk /

UK / ɛnˌθuziˈæstɪk /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Excited and interested in something

exit

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US / ˈeksɪt /

UK / ˈɛɡzɪt, ˈɛksɪt /

A2
  • noun
  • A door that you go through to leave a place
  • Act of leaving a place
  • verb
  • To leave a certain place
  • To stop a computer program after using it

shift

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US / ʃɪft /

UK / ʃɪft /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • (Of work) starting at a certain time, as at night
  • noun
  • A change in a persons plans, opinions or beliefs
  • Period of work starting at a certain time
  • verb
  • To change in position or direction
  • To move something from one place to another

should

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US / ʃʊd /

UK / ʃʊd /

A1
  • other
  • Used to indicate what is proper or reasonable

truth

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US / tru:θ /

UK / truθ /

A2
  • noun
  • Real facts about something

just

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US / dʒʌst /

UK / dʒʌst /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Proper or appropriate; as is deserved
  • Doing or being what is right or fair
  • Legally correct; having enough evidence
  • adverb
  • Almost; nearly
  • Exactly at the time of
  • Exactly (the same as, like)

recover

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US / rɪ'kʌvə(r) /

UK / rɪ'kʌvər /

A2
  • verb
  • To return to a prior normal condition
  • To get back something that was lost

punishment

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US / ˈpʌnɪʃmənt /

UK / ˈpʌnɪʃmənt /

A2
  • noun
  • Being punished; thing you do when being punished
  • Physically rough treatment

attitude

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US / ˈætitju:d /

UK / ˈætɪˌtud, -ˌtjud /

A2
  • noun
  • Way you act, think and feel about something

much

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US / mʌtʃ /

UK / mʌtʃ /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Very; to a high level or degree
  • adverb
  • A lot; large amount; a high degree of
  • Nearly; basically
  • On many occasions; often
  • noun
  • A large amount; a great quantity

question

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US / 'kwestʃən /

UK / ˈkwɛstʃən /

A1
  • noun
  • Issue or problems you are dealing with
  • What you ask about; issue
  • verb
  • To ask for or try to get information
  • To have or express concerns or uncertainty

ask

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US / ɑ:sk /

UK / æsk /

A1
  • verb
  • To say to someone that you want something

exact

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US / ɪɡ'zækt /

UK / ɪɡˈzækt /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Completely correct; accurate; specific
  • verb
  • To get something, sometimes using force

informal

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US / inˈfɔ:məl /

UK / ɪnˈfɔrməl /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Casual; relaxed
  • Not official; not done by the rules

lower

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US / 'ləʊə(r) /

UK / ˈlaʊɚ, laʊr /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • In a position more near the bottom
  • verb
  • To move something downward to the ground

pause

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US / pɔ:z /

UK / pɔz /

A2
  • noun
  • A temporary break before continuing
  • Function on a device to stop and restart it
  • Sign to hold a musical note a bit longer
  • verb
  • To stop doing for a while before continuing

start

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US / stɑ:t /

UK / stɑrt /

A1
  • noun
  • First time or place that a thing exists; beginning
  • First opportunity to achieve something, e.g. a job
  • Sudden action or movement because you are scared
  • other
  • Beginning of something in place or time
  • verb
  • To do, be or happen for the first time; begin
  • To turn something on

well

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US / wel /

UK / wɛl /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being in a fortunate, good condition or state
  • Healthy and in good condition
  • adverb
  • In an acceptable, proper, or successful manner
  • In a complete, total, or full manner
  • A great and considerable degree
  • In a successful way, in a good or satisfactory way
  • exclamation
  • Used to begin or continue a particular statement
  • Used to show you want to start saying something
  • Used to express that you are waiting for a reply
  • You say this to change the topic of a conversation
  • Used to indicate you are making a final remark
  • noun
  • Long deep hole in the ground to get water
  • verb
  • To cause your eyes to fill with tears

determine

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US / dɪ'tɜ:mɪn /

UK / dɪˈtɚmɪn /

A2
  • verb
  • To control exactly how something will be or act
  • To establish the facts about; discover

head

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US / hed /

UK / hɛd /

A1
  • noun
  • Counter for the number of cattle
  • Natural mental ability or intelligence
  • Leader or person with the greatest authority
  • Mind; mental ability; mental state
  • Side of a coin with a head on it
  • Top part of your body with eyes and a mouth
  • Starting point of something, e.g. a river
  • verb
  • To hit a ball with your head in a game
  • To be first or at the front or top (e.g. a list)
  • To travel or move toward a particular place; To go in a particular direction
  • To become the leader of something
  • To lead or be responsible for something

joint

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US / dʒɔɪnt /

UK / dʒɔɪnt /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Shared; involving working together; in common
  • noun
  • Body parts where bones meet and can move together
  • Point at which two things meet (e.g. a road)
  • A club or restaurant; place where you are

mask

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US / mɑ:sk /

UK / mæsk /

B1
  • noun
  • Covering to hide or disguise the face
  • Way of pretending to behave that is not real
  • other
  • To hide something so that it cannot be seen
  • verb
  • To hide something so that it cannot be seen
  • To keep people from noticing (emotions/intentions)

those

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US / ðəʊz /

UK / ðoz /

A1
  • determiner
  • The people or things we are talking about
  • pronoun
  • The objects far from the speaker

blink

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US / blɪŋk /

UK / blɪŋk /

B1
  • verb
  • To close and open one or both of the eyes rapidly

for

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US / fə(r) /

UK / fɔr,fə /

A1
  • preposition
  • Used to show the purpose, or need of something

resort

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US / rɪ'zɔ:t /

UK / rɪ'zɔ:rt /

B1
  • noun
  • Act of choosing something to help with a problem
  • Vacation hotel or complex; area for holidays

sexual

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US / ˈsekʃuəl /

UK / ˈsɛkʃuəl /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Relating to men and women and their relationships
  • Of the physical activity that can produce babies

through

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US / θru: /

UK / θru /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • having finished using or doing something
  • adverb
  • From the beginning of something until the end
  • preposition
  • Over, in, across an entire thing or place
  • Allowing you to pass between, or to
  • By a particular way or process; by the use of

time

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US / taɪm /

UK / taɪm /

A1
  • noun
  • Speed at which music is played; tempo
  • Point as shown on a clock, e.g. 3 p.m
  • Number of hours, minutes needed to do something
  • Occasion when something happens
  • Period or occasion that something occurred
  • Period in history or the past
  • Something measured in minutes, hours, days, etc.
  • How long an event takes; duration
  • verb
  • To check speed at which music is performed
  • To choose a specific moment to do something
  • To measure how long an event takes, e.g. a race
  • To schedule something to occur at a specific moment

action

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US / 'ækʃn /

UK / ˈækʃən /

A2
  • noun
  • Something that a person or thing does
  • verb
  • To act to do something

get

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US / ɡet /

UK / ɡɛt /

A1
  • verb
  • To become affected by illness or disease
  • To begin to feel or understand an emotion or idea
  • To send or bring someone or something home, etc.
  • To go somewhere to obtain something
  • To (cause to) do a particular thing
  • To obtain, receive or be given something
  • To currently have
  • To prepare for use
  • To understand something being said or read

hard

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US / hɑ:d /

UK / hɑː(r)d /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Difficult to do; difficult to understand
  • (Of facts) not able to be misunderstood; clear
  • (Of alcohol) strong
  • Involving or requiring lots of work, effort, care
  • Being full of pain, trouble, and problems
  • Strong
  • (Of edge) clear; sharp
  • Difficult to bend, break or cut; solid
  • adverb
  • With lots of force, power, or impact

chronological

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US / ˌkrɒnəˈlɒdʒɪkl /

UK / ˌkrɑnəˈlɑdʒɪkəl, ˌkronə- /

B2
  • adjecitve
  • Placed in order of time, usually of events

contempt

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US / kənˈtempt /

UK / kənˈtɛmpt /

B1
  • noun
  • Extreme lack of respect; strong disapproval
  • Legal lack of respect for a court or judge

smile

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US / smaɪl /

UK / smaɪl /

A1
  • noun
  • Raising the corners of the mouth showing happiness
  • verb
  • To put up the corners of mouth to show happiness

tell

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US / tel /

UK / tɛl /

A1
  • verb
  • To (strongly) advise a person to do something
  • To be able to guess
  • To say or communicate information to someone
  • To inform, but without speaking; indicate
  • To have a negative effect on someone
  • To order someone to do something; command
  • To recognize something based on certain signs
  • To report something to an authority
  • To explain something or teach someone something

dismiss

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US / dɪsˈmɪs /

UK / dɪsˈmɪs /

A2
  • verb
  • To consider that something is at an end
  • To end someone's employment; fire someone
  • To not to think about something seriously

convincing

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US / kənˈvɪnsɪŋ /

UK / kənˈvɪnsɪŋ /

A2
  • verb
  • To persuade someone, or make them feel sure

down

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US / daʊn /

UK / daʊn /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being sad, sick, or unhappy
  • Not operating, working, or functioning as expected
  • adverb
  • In a sitting or lying position
  • Towards or on the ground, floor, or bottom
  • Written or copied onto a piece of paper or book
  • noun
  • A period of play in American Football
  • The soft, smooth hairs that cover a bird's body
  • preposition
  • Along something's path, course, or direction
  • Going from a higher position to a lower position
  • verb
  • To eat or drink very quickly and without stopping

then

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US / ðen /

UK / ðɛn /

A1
  • adverb
  • A time that is not now
  • Following another thing in time or arrangement
  • Following on reasonably from what was just stated
  • At that time, not now

find

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US / faɪnd /

UK / faɪnd /

A1
  • noun
  • Object discovered by chance
  • Things that have been discovered from searching
  • verb
  • To become aware of something that is happening
  • To discover or meet by chance
  • To decide if someone is guilty of a crime, or not
  • To learn through study, research, or effort
  • To discover something by looking for it

partner

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US / 'pɑ:tnə(r) /

UK / ˈpɑrtnɚ /

A2
  • noun
  • One you have a business/personal relationship with
  • Someone you have personal relationship with
  • verb
  • To join with others for work or other activity

alter

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US / ˈɔ:ltə(r) /

UK / ˈɔltɚ /

A2
  • verb
  • To change so (clothing) fits better

language

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US / ˈlæŋgwɪdʒ /

UK / ˈlæŋɡwɪdʒ /

A1
  • noun
  • Words or signs used to communicate messages

happen

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US / 'hæpən /

UK / ˈhæpən /

A1
  • verb
  • To take place or occur

recommend

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US / ˌrekə'mend /

UK / ˌrɛkəˈmɛnd /

A2
  • verb
  • To advise or suggest that someone do something

track

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US / træk /

UK / træk /

A2
  • noun
  • A circular course for running
  • Course or way someone takes, e.g. in education
  • Path in a field or a forest made by walkers
  • Often circular course laid out for car racing
  • One of multiple musical recordings on an album
  • Band surrounding the wheels of a tank
  • Metal lines that trains ride on
  • verb
  • To use marks to follow a wild animal
  • To move a certain way/follow a particular course
  • To record and examine the progress of something

eye

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US / aɪ /

UK / aɪ /

A1
  • noun
  • The part of the body that you see with
  • The skill to see the good and bad parts of a thing
  • Hole at the end of a needle
  • verb
  • To watch or study something closely

lewinsky

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US / /

UK / /

A1

indicator

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US / ˈɪndɪkeɪtə(r) /

UK / ˈɪndɪˌketɚ /

A2
  • noun
  • An instrument that shows temperature, speed etc.

people

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US / 'pi:pl /

UK / ˈpipəl /

A1
  • noun
  • Persons sharing culture, country, background, etc.
  • Men, Women, Children

storey

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US / 'stɔ:rɪ /

UK / ˈstɔri, ˈstori /

B1
  • noun
  • One of many floors or levels in a building

that

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US / ðæt /

UK / ðæt, ðət /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • The person or thing being talked about
  • Used to identify something both the speakers know
  • adverb
  • Used to reinforce adjectives and adverbs
  • To such a degree
  • conjunction
  • Used to connect a noun clause
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  • determiner
  • Used as a noun to refer to something
  • pronoun
  • Referring an object far away
  • Used to refer to the relative pronoun ‘which’

what

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US / wɒt /

UK / hwɑt, hwʌt, wɔt, wʌt,hwət, wət /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Thing or things that; the same kind as
  • Used to emphasize something you are about to say
  • adjecitve
  • Used to refer to a particular amount, or number
  • Used to place emphasis on a particular quality
  • adverb
  • To a certain degree
  • determiner
  • Question words used for asking for information
  • exclamation
  • Used to express excitement, shock, or surprise
  • Used to ask people to repeat something they said
  • Introduction to Video Content
  • IntroductionIn her TED Talk titled "How to spot a Liar," Pamela Meyer reveals two patterns of deception and teaches viewers to identify hotspots in order to detect lies. She starts by referencing Bill Clinton's famous denial of having sexual relations with Monica Lewinsky. Meyer explains that studies demonstrate how individuals who are determined to deny the truth tend to use formal language instead of informal speech. Additionally, liars are known to employ distancing language, as evident in Clinton's use of the phrase "that woman." Contrary to popular belief, liars do not always exhibit fidgeting behavior; instead, they often freeze their upper bodies when lying. Similarly, while many people assume that liars avoid eye contact, liars may actually make prolonged eye contact as they attempt to appear genuine. Meyer challenges the audience by asking if they can identify a fake smile, emphasizing that genuine smiles can be detected through the presence of crow's feet around the eyes. She then urges the audience to look for the inconsistencies between verbal and non-verbal cues during conversations, referring to these as hotspots. In particular, she emphasizes that attitude is a significant indicator of honesty, with honest individuals displaying cooperation, enthusiasm, and a willingness to uncover the truth. Finally, Meyer discusses how deceptive individuals may exhibit withdrawn behavior, avoid eye contact, lower their voice, and tell their stories in strict chronological order. Through her insightful analysis, Meyer offers practical tips for identifying deception and encourages viewers to become more discerning in their interactions.
  • Subtitles section
  • I'm gonna show you two patterns of deception and then we're gonna look at the hot spots and see if we can find them ourselves.
  • I did not have sexual relations with that woman, Ms. Lewinsky.
  • OK.
  • Studies show that people who are over determined in their denial will resort to formal rather than informal language.
  • We also heard distancing language- "That woman" We think liars fidget all the time, well guess what: They're known to freeze their upper bodies when they're lying.
  • We think liars won't look you in the eyes.
  • Well guess what: they look you in the eyes a little too much.
  • We think warmth and smiles convey honesty, sincerity.
  • Can you all spot the fake smile here?
  • You can consciously contract the muscles in your cheeks but the real smile's in the eyes.
  • The crow's feet in the eyes, they cannot be consciously contracted.
  • Can you tell what's happening in a conversation?
  • Can you start to find the hot spots to see the discrepancies between someone's words and someone's actions.
  • Attitude is by far the most overlooked but one of the most telling of indicators.
  • An honest person is going to be cooperative, they're going to be on your side, they're going to be enthusiastic, they're going to be willing and helpful to getting you to the truth.
  • And if you ask someone honest: "What should happen to whoever did forge those checks?" and honest person is much more likely to recommend strict rather than lenient punishment.
  • Now let's say you're having that exact same conversation with someone deceptive.
  • That person may be withdrawn, look down, lower their voice, pause and then they're going to tell their story in strict chronological order.
  • And what a trained interrogator does is they come in and in very subtle ways, they will ask that person to tell their stories backwards and then track which questions produce the highest volume of deceptive tells.
  • We rehearse our words but we rarely rehearse our gestures.
  • We say yes, we shake our heads no.
  • We tell very convincing stories, we slightly shrug our shoulders.
  • Now there are going to be times when someone makes one expression while masking another that just kind of leaks through in a flash: Your new joint venture partner might shake your hand, celebrate, go out to dinner with you and then leak an expression of anger.
  • There's one I can teach you that's very dangerous and easy to learn.
  • And that's the expression of contempt.
  • When anger turns to contempt, you've been dismissed.
  • It's associated with moral superiority and for that reason it's very very hard to recover from.
  • It's marked by one lip corner pulled up and in and in the presence of contempt, look the other way, look the other direction, say no thank you, I'm not coming up for just one more night cap, thank you.
  • We know liars will shift their blink rate, point their feet towards an exit.
  • They'll alter their vocal tone, often making their vocal tone much lower.
  • Thank you.