Subtitles section
Repeat sentence
Subtitles mode
Full screen
Previous
Next
x 1.0
Playback speed
More

Nato gathers to welcome Finland as alliance's newest member - BBC News

Video vocabulary

think

Copy vocabulary

US / θɪŋk /

UK / θɪŋk /

A1
  • verb
  • To have an idea about something without certainty
  • To have an idea, opinion or belief about something

suit

Copy vocabulary

US / su:t /

UK / sut /

A1
  • noun
  • Set of clothes including jacket and pants or skirt
  • Law case involving a claim of some kind
  • Set of playing cards such as hearts or diamonds
  • verb
  • To be appropriate for a given situation
  • (Of clothes) to look good on someone

militarily

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈmɪlətrəli /

UK / ˌmɪləˈterəli /

B1
  • adverb
  • As regards the military

literally

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈlɪtərəli /

UK / ˈlɪtərəli /

B1
  • adverb
  • So as to express the exact meaning of something
  • Used to say something is true, even if unlikely

come

Copy vocabulary

US / kʌm /

UK / kʌm /

A1
  • verb
  • To arrive at a place
  • (Of mail) to be delivered
  • To move toward someone; go with someone
  • To reach a certain point or state

destination

Copy vocabulary

US / ˌdestɪˈneɪʃn /

UK / ˌdɛstəˈneʃən /

B1
  • noun
  • The place you are traveling to

aim

Copy vocabulary

US / eɪm /

UK / em /

A2
  • noun
  • Act of pointing something at a target
  • Purpose or goal
  • verb
  • To point something at a target
  • To intend to get a thing or for a thing to happen

anybody

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈenibɒdi /

UK / ˈenibʌdi /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Any person; anyone

any

Copy vocabulary

US / 'enɪ /

UK / ˈɛni /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • One, or some, no matter which
  • pronoun
  • One (thing) of many; some

two

Copy vocabulary

US / tu: /

UK / tu /

A1
  • number
  • 2

train

Copy vocabulary

US / treɪn /

UK / tren /

A1
  • noun
  • Line of people, animals moving the same direction
  • Vehicle that carries people and runs on rails
  • Long rear section of a (e.g. wedding) dress
  • Series of events happening one after another
  • verb
  • To teach a pet a behavior or a trick
  • To educate someone in something, e.g. medicine
  • To cause a plant to grow a certain way by cutting
  • To point a certain way or toward something
  • To practice to get better at a thing, e.g. sports

seat

Copy vocabulary

US / si:t /

UK / sit /

A1
  • noun
  • Place where a government or organization is based
  • A chair or place to sit
  • Official position in an organization
  • Part of a chair on which a person sits
  • verb
  • To have seats available for a number of people
  • To give someone a place to sit down

only

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈəunli /

UK / ˈonli /

A1
  • adverb
  • Just one; just that amount or thing; not more than
  • Not very important or serious
  • Just that type of thing, person
  • Short time ago; not before a certain time
  • conjunction
  • Except; but

join

Copy vocabulary

US / dʒɔɪn /

UK / dʒɔɪn /

A1
  • verb
  • To bring something close to another, to become one
  • To become a member of
  • To participate in an activity with others

where

Copy vocabulary

US / hwɛə /

UK / hwɛr, wɛr /

A1
  • conjunction
  • At or in the place which
  • In whatever place
  • pronoun
  • Word you use to ask the location of something

flag

Copy vocabulary

US / flæɡ /

UK / flæɡ /

A2
  • noun
  • Piece of cloth representing a team, country etc.
  • verb
  • To indicate something should get special attention
  • To work, run etc. more slowly or with less power

double

Copy vocabulary

US / 'dʌbl /

UK / ˈdʌbəl /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Concerning or intended for use by two people
  • Two times the amount or degree; twice
  • Made of two parts that are the same, similar
  • noun
  • Person that is exactly like someone else
  • verb
  • To be used for two functions at the same time
  • To make or become twice as much

invasion

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪnˈveɪʒn /

UK / ɪnˈveʒən /

B1
  • noun
  • Entry into a place to cause harm

and

Copy vocabulary

US / ənd /

UK / ənd, ən,ænd /

A1
  • conjunction
  • Used to refer to two or more things
  • Plus; in addition; on top of that
  • Used to introduce an action that follows another

abandon

Copy vocabulary

US / ə'bændən /

UK / əˈbændən /

B1
  • noun
  • Wild, carefree behavior
  • verb
  • To discard or intentionally get rid of an item
  • To withdraw your support, or leave someone
  • To stop doing or having (hope, plans); give up
  • To leave a place, car and not go back
  • To surrender to a desire, with little self-control

meet

Copy vocabulary

US / mi:t /

UK / mit /

A1
  • noun
  • Sporting competition e.g. swimming
  • verb
  • To provide something that is necessary
  • To come together at a certain time or place

early

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈɜ:li /

UK / ˈɜ:rli /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Happening or appearing before
  • adverb
  • Coming/happening before others in a time sequence
  • Happening sooner than expected

share

Copy vocabulary

US / ʃeə(r) /

UK / ʃɛr /

A2
  • noun
  • Part-ownership in a property, business or company
  • Part of a company you own, shown by a certificate
  • verb
  • To divide something between two or more people
  • To allow others to use your things equally
  • To give information, etc. to someone

from

Copy vocabulary

US / frəm /

UK / frʌm, frɑm,frəm /

A1
  • preposition
  • Starting at a particular place, time or level

europe

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈjʊərəp /

UK / ˈjʊrəp /

A1
  • noun
  • A continent including Germany, France and Spain
  • other
  • The second smallest continent (actually a vast peninsula of Eurasia); the British use 'Europe' to re

vigilant

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈvɪdʒɪlənt /

UK / ˈvɪdʒələnt /

B2
  • adjecitve
  • Being watchful; careful to monitor events

real

Copy vocabulary

US / rɪəl /

UK / ˈriəl, ril /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Actually existing or happening, not imagined
  • Being important or special

issue

Copy vocabulary

US / 'ɪʃu: /

UK / ˈɪʃu /

A2
  • noun
  • Important topic discussed, debated or argued over
  • Single edition of a magazine
  • verb
  • To make something available to be used or sold
  • To deliver a statement, etc. in an official manner

contingency

Copy vocabulary

US / kənˈtɪndʒənsi /

UK / kənˈtɪndʒənsi /

B2
  • noun
  • What you do in case an emergency or problem occurs

another

Copy vocabulary

US / əˈnʌðə(r) /

UK / əˈnʌðɚ /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • One more, but not this
  • determiner
  • One more added
  • pronoun
  • One more (thing)

afternoon

Copy vocabulary

US / ˌɑ:ftəˈnu:n /

UK / ˌæftərˈnu:n /

A1
  • noun
  • Time after 12:00 and before the evening meal

criterion

Copy vocabulary

US / kraɪ'tɪərɪən /

UK / kraɪˈtɪriən /

B1
  • noun
  • Standard used to make judgments or decisions

prompt

Copy vocabulary

US / prɒmpt /

UK / prɑmpt /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Fast; in a quick manner; without delay
  • noun
  • Message on a computer requiring attention
  • Encouragement to ask someone else to talk
  • verb
  • To display a message to requires a user to act
  • To say something to encourage someone else to talk
  • To remind an actor of his or her lines (words)
  • To cause something to occur; be the cause of

replicate

Copy vocabulary

US / 'replɪkeɪt /

UK / ˈrɛplɪˌket /

A1
  • verb
  • To make one or more exact copies of itself
  • To repeat something (e.g. experiment, process)

opinion

Copy vocabulary

US / əˈpɪnjən /

UK / əˈpɪnjən /

A2
  • noun
  • Court judge's statement why a decision was made
  • A person's thoughts on a topic

diplomatic

Copy vocabulary

US / ˌdɪpləˈmætɪk /

UK / ˌdɪpləˈmætɪk /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Concerning formal relationships between countries
  • Not being offensive

accession

Copy vocabulary

US / ækˈseʃn /

UK / ækˈsɛʃən /

C1
  • noun
  • Act of becoming a king or queen

street

Copy vocabulary

US / stri:t /

UK / strit /

A1
  • noun
  • Road in a city with buildings and places to walk

news

Copy vocabulary

US / nju:z /

UK / nu:z /

A1
  • noun
  • Broadcast on radio or TV about recent events
  • Information about recent events

alliance

Copy vocabulary

US / əˈlaɪəns /

UK / əˈlaɪəns /

B1
  • noun
  • Group of people/organizations working together

system

Copy vocabulary

US / 'sɪstəm /

UK / ˈsɪstəm /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Working in an organized, logical way
  • noun
  • Set of organized, planned ideas that work together

strong

Copy vocabulary

US / strɒŋ /

UK / strɔŋ /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • (Of tea or beer) dark or thick
  • Having big muscles; physically powerful

much

Copy vocabulary

US / mʌtʃ /

UK / mʌtʃ /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Very; to a high level or degree
  • adverb
  • A lot; large amount; a high degree of
  • Nearly; basically
  • On many occasions; often
  • noun
  • A large amount; a great quantity

fact

Copy vocabulary

US / fækt /

UK / fækt /

A1
  • noun
  • Something that is known or proved to be true

extremely

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪkˈstri:mli /

UK / ɪk'strimlɪ /

B1
  • adverb
  • In a way that is much more than usual or expected

border

Copy vocabulary

US / 'bɔ:də(r) /

UK / ˈbɔrdɚ /

A2
  • noun
  • Outer part or edge of something
  • Line separating one country, state from another
  • verb
  • To be right next to another country or state
  • To form the edge of something
  • To form the edge of (road, etc.)

attitude

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈætitju:d /

UK / ˈætɪˌtud, -ˌtjud /

A2
  • noun
  • Way you act, think and feel about something

tension

Copy vocabulary

US / 'tenʃn /

UK / ˈtɛnʃən /

A2
  • noun
  • Feeling of anxiety and inability to relax
  • Degree to which something is stretched tight

just

Copy vocabulary

US / dʒʌst /

UK / dʒʌst /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Proper or appropriate; as is deserved
  • Doing or being what is right or fair
  • Legally correct; having enough evidence
  • adverb
  • Almost; nearly
  • Exactly at the time of
  • Exactly (the same as, like)

fully

Copy vocabulary

US / 'fʊlɪ /

UK / ˈfʊli /

A1
  • adverb
  • Completely or entirely

adams

Copy vocabulary

US / 'rɪdlɪ /

UK / 'rɪdlɪ /

A1

time

Copy vocabulary

US / taɪm /

UK / taɪm /

A1
  • noun
  • Speed at which music is played; tempo
  • Point as shown on a clock, e.g. 3 p.m
  • Number of hours, minutes needed to do something
  • Occasion when something happens
  • Period or occasion that something occurred
  • Period in history or the past
  • Something measured in minutes, hours, days, etc.
  • How long an event takes; duration
  • verb
  • To check speed at which music is performed
  • To choose a specific moment to do something
  • To measure how long an event takes, e.g. a race
  • To schedule something to occur at a specific moment

treaty

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈtri:ti /

UK / ˈtriti /

B1
  • noun
  • An agreement between nations

hello

Copy vocabulary

US / hə'ləʊ /

UK / hɛˈlo, hə- /

A1
  • exclamation
  • What you say when you meet someone

escalation

Copy vocabulary

US / ˌeskə'leɪʃn /

UK / ˌeskə'leɪʃn /

B2
  • noun
  • An increase in severity

for

Copy vocabulary

US / fə(r) /

UK / fɔr,fə /

A1
  • preposition
  • Used to show the purpose, or need of something

door

Copy vocabulary

US / dɔ:(r) /

UK / dɔr,dor /

A1
  • noun
  • You walk through this when you go in a room

well

Copy vocabulary

US / wel /

UK / wɛl /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being in a fortunate, good condition or state
  • Healthy and in good condition
  • adverb
  • In an acceptable, proper, or successful manner
  • In a complete, total, or full manner
  • A great and considerable degree
  • In a successful way, in a good or satisfactory way
  • exclamation
  • Used to begin or continue a particular statement
  • Used to show you want to start saying something
  • Used to express that you are waiting for a reply
  • You say this to change the topic of a conversation
  • Used to indicate you are making a final remark
  • noun
  • Long deep hole in the ground to get water
  • verb
  • To cause your eyes to fill with tears

start

Copy vocabulary

US / stɑ:t /

UK / stɑrt /

A1
  • noun
  • First time or place that a thing exists; beginning
  • First opportunity to achieve something, e.g. a job
  • Sudden action or movement because you are scared
  • other
  • Beginning of something in place or time
  • verb
  • To do, be or happen for the first time; begin
  • To turn something on

exact

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪɡ'zækt /

UK / ɪɡˈzækt /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Completely correct; accurate; specific
  • verb
  • To get something, sometimes using force

crime

Copy vocabulary

US / kraɪm /

UK / kraɪm /

A2
  • noun
  • Act that is believed to be a mistake or foolish
  • Act that is against the law; murder, theft etc.

programme

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈprəʊgræm /

UK / ˈproˌɡræm, -ɡrəm /

A1
  • noun
  • A plan or schedule of events
  • TV show
  • verb
  • To write computer code for a piece of software

difference

Copy vocabulary

US / 'dɪfrəns /

UK / ˈdɪfərəns, ˈdɪfrəns /

A1
  • noun
  • A thing or issue that people do not agree about
  • Not of the same kind; unlike other things

russia

Copy vocabulary

US / 'rʌʃə /

UK / 'rʌʃə /

A1
  • proper noun
  • A country in northern Asia and eastern Europe; population 143,500,000 (estimated 2015); capital, Mos

remove

Copy vocabulary

US / rɪˈmu:v /

UK / rɪˈmuv /

A1
  • verb
  • To get rid of something completely
  • To make someone leave his or her job or position
  • To move, erase or take away from a place
  • To take something off (e.g. clothing)

its

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪts /

UK / ɪts /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Referring to or belonging to ‘it’
  • determiner
  • Of something; belonging or related to something
  • other
  • Possessive form of “it”

journey

Copy vocabulary

US / 'dʒɜ:nɪ /

UK / ˈdʒɚni /

A2
  • noun
  • Act of traveling from one place to another; trip
  • verb
  • To travel through a place

all

Copy vocabulary

US / ɔ:l /

UK / ɔl /

A1
  • adverb
  • Completely; totally
  • determiner
  • Being every one of something
  • pronoun
  • 100% of something; the complete amount

take

Copy vocabulary

US / teɪk /

UK / tek /

A1
  • noun
  • Filming of a single scene for TV or the movies
  • verb
  • To accept something that is offered
  • To use a method of traveling, e.g. a bus or train
  • To use a camera to make (a photo)
  • To pick up something and go away with it
  • To study a subject in school
  • To attempt to pass (an exam)
  • To require a certain amount of time, money, space

society

Copy vocabulary

US / sə'saɪətɪ /

UK / səˈsaɪɪti /

A2
  • noun
  • A group who meet to share values or interests
  • Group of people living together
  • Upper class of a community

neighbour

Copy vocabulary

US / 'neɪbə(r) /

UK / ˈnebɚ /

B1
  • noun
  • Person who lives, or is near, you

headquarter

Copy vocabulary

US / 'hed'kwɔ:tə /

UK / 'hed'kwɔ:tə /

B1
  • noun
  • Main office of a company or organisation

bring

Copy vocabulary

US / brɪŋ /

UK / brɪŋ /

A1
  • verb
  • To take or go with someone to a place

sweden

Copy vocabulary

US / 'swi:dn /

UK / 'swi:dn /

A1
  • proper noun
  • A country that occupies the eastern part of the Scandinavian peninsula; population 9,800,000 (estima

asset

Copy vocabulary

US / 'æset /

UK / ˈæsˌɛt /

A2
  • noun
  • Thing that has value to you

troop

Copy vocabulary

US / tru:p /

UK / trup /

B1
  • noun
  • Group of people
  • Group of mammals or birds
  • A group of soldiers
  • verb
  • To walk past in a group or large number
  • To move or gather in a crowd

yes

Copy vocabulary

US / jes /

UK / jɛs /

A1
  • adverb
  • Way to say you agree or will do something

move

Copy vocabulary

US / mu:v /

UK / muv /

A1
  • noun
  • Act of moving a playing piece in chess, etc.
  • An action; doing something
  • Step taken to achieve a goal
  • verb
  • To cause someone to have certain emotions
  • To cause something to change to a different place
  • To change where people live or a business operates
  • To take action to do or achieve something

organization

Copy vocabulary

US / ˌɔ:gənaɪˈzeɪʃn /

UK / ˌɔrɡənɪˈzeʃən /

A2
  • noun
  • Group of people with a particular purpose

huge

Copy vocabulary

US / hju:dʒ /

UK / hjudʒ /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Very very large

ultimatum

Copy vocabulary

US / ˌʌltɪˈmeɪtəm /

UK / ˌʌltəˈmeitəm, -ˈmɑ- /

C1
  • noun
  • Final demand or proposition

territory

Copy vocabulary

US / 'terətrɪ /

UK / ˈtɛrɪˌtɔri, -ˌtori /

B1
  • noun
  • Area of land defended by an animal
  • Area of particular knowledge or experience
  • Area owned or controlled by a government, person
  • Area of land with a specific defining feature

military

Copy vocabulary

US / 'mɪlətrɪ /

UK / ˈmɪlɪˌtɛri /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Concerning the army or navy
  • noun
  • Army or armed forces

medicine

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈmedsn /

UK / ˈmɛdɪsɪn /

A2
  • noun
  • Something used in treating illness or pain
  • Science of preventing, treating, or curing disease

change

Copy vocabulary

US / tʃeɪndʒ /

UK / tʃendʒ /

A1
  • noun
  • Exchange of one set of clothes for another
  • Money in the form of coins instead of paper
  • Money returned after giving too much
  • Act of making or becoming something else
  • verb
  • To exchange one set of clothes for another
  • To exchange one kind of money for another
  • To replace something with another thing
  • To make or become something else
  • To go from one train, bus, etc. and go to another

atlantic

Copy vocabulary

US / æt'læntɪk /

UK / ætˈlæntɪk /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Of the ocean between Africa and the Americas

very

Copy vocabulary

US / 'verɪ /

UK / ˈvɛri /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Concerning a large degree or amount
  • adverb
  • A lot; much; many
  • Used to stress or emphasize a noun

between

Copy vocabulary

US / bɪˈtwi:n /

UK / bɪˈtwin /

A1
  • preposition
  • From one person, thing, or place, to another
  • In the space that separates two objects
  • Among two or more people who share something

option

Copy vocabulary

US / 'ɒpʃn /

UK / ˈɑpʃən /

A2
  • noun
  • A choice
  • Right to buy or sell at a certain price and time

nato

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈneɪtəʊ /

UK / ˈneɪtoʊ /

A1
  • abbreviation
  • NATO is an acronym

thank

Copy vocabulary

US / θæŋk /

UK / θæŋk /

A1
  • verb
  • To tell someone you are grateful to them

institute

Copy vocabulary

US / 'ɪnstɪtju:t /

UK / ˈɪnstɪˌtut, -ˌtjut /

A2
  • noun
  • Organization studying science, engineering etc.
  • verb
  • To start or commence doing, e.g. a business plan

country

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈkʌntri /

UK / ˈkʌntri /

A1
  • noun
  • An area of land that is controlled by a government
  • Open land that is away from towns and cities

president

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈprezɪdənt /

UK / ˈprɛzɪdənt,-ˌdɛnt /

A2
  • noun
  • Person in charge of a country, or organization

get

Copy vocabulary

US / ɡet /

UK / ɡɛt /

A1
  • verb
  • To become affected by illness or disease
  • To begin to feel or understand an emotion or idea
  • To send or bring someone or something home, etc.
  • To go somewhere to obtain something
  • To (cause to) do a particular thing
  • To obtain, receive or be given something
  • To currently have
  • To prepare for use
  • To understand something being said or read

yeah

Copy vocabulary

US / jeə /

UK / ˈjɛə, ˈjæə, jɛ- /

A1
  • exclamation
  • Another way of saying 'yes'

inform

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪnˈfɔ:m /

UK / ɪnˈfɔ:rm /

A2
  • verb
  • To give information or facts about something

happen

Copy vocabulary

US / 'hæpən /

UK / ˈhæpən /

A1
  • verb
  • To take place or occur

fight

Copy vocabulary

US / faɪt /

UK / faɪt /

A1
  • noun
  • An argument or quarrel
  • Act of trying to hurt someone by hitting them
  • A struggle to do a difficult task
  • verb
  • To argue or quarrel with someone about something
  • To try to hurt someone by hitting them
  • To struggle to do a difficult task

number

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈnʌmbə(r) /

UK / ˈnʌmbɚ /

A1
  • noun
  • Symbols such as 1, 2, 56, 793
  • Particular song or dance performed during a show
  • Total quantity or amount of things
  • verb
  • To put numbers on things
  • To assign a sequence within a group, series, set
  • To claim to be part of a larger group, series, set

political

Copy vocabulary

US / pəˈlɪtɪkl /

UK / pəˈlɪtɪkəl /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Being active or interested in government matters
  • Diplomatic
  • Of the system of elections and government
  • Concerning government or public affairs
  • Involved in getting of power/influence in a group

ukraine

Copy vocabulary

US / ju:'kreɪn /

UK / ju:'kreɪn /

A1
  • other
  • A republic in southeastern Europe; formerly a European soviet; the center of the original Russian st

strengthen

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈstreŋθn /

UK / ˈstrɛŋkθən,ˈstrɛŋ-,ˈstrɛn- /

A2
  • verb
  • To make something stronger

right

Copy vocabulary

US / raɪt /

UK / raɪt /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Correct or true
  • The south side of you looking at the rising sun
  • adverb
  • Exactly in a place or time
  • Being appropriate for a particular event
  • In a straight or direct manner
  • noun
  • Something you are legally or morally allowed to do
  • Ideal of what is just and good
  • Political view based on conservatism
  • verb
  • To fix something previously wrong or unjust
  • To make upright, as a boat that has turned over

equipment

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪˈkwɪpmənt /

UK / ɪˈkwɪpmənt /

A2
  • noun
  • Tools or materials used to perform a task

threat

Copy vocabulary

US / θret /

UK / θrɛt /

A2
  • noun
  • Warning of probable trouble
  • A warning that you may be harmed

what

Copy vocabulary

US / wɒt /

UK / hwɑt, hwʌt, wɔt, wʌt,hwət, wət /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Thing or things that; the same kind as
  • Used to emphasize something you are about to say
  • adjecitve
  • Used to refer to a particular amount, or number
  • Used to place emphasis on a particular quality
  • adverb
  • To a certain degree
  • determiner
  • Question words used for asking for information
  • exclamation
  • Used to express excitement, shock, or surprise
  • Used to ask people to repeat something they said

that

Copy vocabulary

US / ðæt /

UK / ðæt, ðət /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • The person or thing being talked about
  • Used to identify something both the speakers know
  • adverb
  • Used to reinforce adjectives and adverbs
  • To such a degree
  • conjunction
  • Used to connect a noun clause
  • Used to introduce an adverbial clause
  • Used to introduce a noun clause
  • determiner
  • Used as a noun to refer to something
  • pronoun
  • Referring an object far away
  • Used to refer to the relative pronoun ‘which’

second

Copy vocabulary

US / 'sekənd /

UK / ˈsɛkənd /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • 2nd; the one following first
  • noun
  • Unit of time; one sixtieth of a minute
  • Short period of time that you wait for someone
  • (Do) soon

finn

Copy vocabulary

US / fɪn /

UK / fɪn /

A1
  • noun
  • Person from Finland

about

Copy vocabulary

US / ə'baʊt /

UK / əˈbaʊt /

A1
  • adverb
  • To be ready to; going to
  • Nearly; approximately; roughly
  • Near; next to; close to
  • In every direction; in the area of
  • preposition
  • Concerning or of (a topic)

then

Copy vocabulary

US / ðen /

UK / ðɛn /

A1
  • adverb
  • A time that is not now
  • Following another thing in time or arrangement
  • Following on reasonably from what was just stated
  • At that time, not now

step

Copy vocabulary

US / step /

UK / stɛp /

A1
  • noun
  • Movement done as part of a particular dance
  • Distance covered by one movement of a leg; stride
  • One part or stage in a process
  • Sound made by the feet while walking; footstep
  • Flat horizontal piece that forms stairs
  • verb
  • To raise and moving the foot to put it down

liberal

Copy vocabulary

US / 'lɪbərəl /

UK / ˈlɪbərəl, ˈlɪbrəl /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Open-minded; willing to hear others' opinions
  • Political party for freedom and social change
  • Supporting progress and social change
  • Not being strict
  • noun
  • Someone who is open-minded and favors progress

force

Copy vocabulary

US / fɔ:s /

UK / fɔrs, fors /

A1
  • noun
  • Group of persons trained for military action; army
  • Pressure; attraction
  • The use of physical strength/violence to persuade
  • verb
  • To use physical strength or violence to persuade

confront

Copy vocabulary

US / kən'frʌnt /

UK / kənˈfrʌnt /

B1
  • verb
  • To make someone, e.g. who has lied, face the truth
  • (Of problem) to face someone who must deal with it

partner

Copy vocabulary

US / 'pɑ:tnə(r) /

UK / ˈpɑrtnɚ /

A2
  • noun
  • One you have a business/personal relationship with
  • Someone you have personal relationship with
  • verb
  • To join with others for work or other activity

find

Copy vocabulary

US / faɪnd /

UK / faɪnd /

A1
  • noun
  • Object discovered by chance
  • Things that have been discovered from searching
  • verb
  • To become aware of something that is happening
  • To discover or meet by chance
  • To decide if someone is guilty of a crime, or not
  • To learn through study, research, or effort
  • To discover something by looking for it

absolutely

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈæbsəlu:tli /

UK / ˈæbsəˌlutli, ˌæbsəˈlutli /

A2
  • adverb
  • Completely; totally; very

the

Copy vocabulary

US / ðə /

UK / ðə /

A1
  • article
  • Used to refer to something already mentioned
  • Used to show there is only one of something
  • determiner
  • Used to describe all of a family

let

Copy vocabulary

US / let /

UK / lɛt /

A1
  • verb
  • To allow someone to do something
  • Introducing a suggestion to do something together
  • To rent a house, etc. to others

russian

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈrʌʃn /

UK / ˈrʌʃn /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Concerning the culture and people of Russia
  • noun
  • Person from Russia

neutrality

Copy vocabulary

US / njuːˈtræləti /

UK / nuːˈtræləti /

B1
  • noun
  • Status of not participating in a dispute or war

make

Copy vocabulary

US / meɪk /

UK / mek /

A1
  • noun
  • Product made by a particular company; brand
  • verb
  • To arrange or prepare something e.g. dinner
  • To get to (a place) on time
  • To gain the status of (teacher, lawyer, etc.)
  • To create something by putting things together
  • To earn a certain amount of money at a job
  • To cause or force a person to do something
  • To cause something to happen or be formed

deterrence

Copy vocabulary

US / dɪ'terəns /

UK / dɪˈtɚrəns, -ˈtʌr- /

B2
  • noun
  • Negative motivational influence

state

Copy vocabulary

US / steɪt /

UK / stet /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Concerning region within a country
  • noun
  • Region within a country, with its own government
  • Situation or condition something is in
  • verb
  • To say; declare as fact

opposite

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈɔpəzit /

UK / ˈɑpəzɪt /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Being totally different from
  • noun
  • Person, thing that is totally different to another
  • preposition
  • Across from or on the side facing something

membership

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈmembəʃɪp /

UK / ˈmembərʃɪp /

B1
  • noun
  • Being a member of a group; joining a group

defence

Copy vocabulary

US / dɪˈfens /

UK / dɪˈfɛns /

B1
  • noun
  • The process of protecting something from attack

you

Copy vocabulary

US / jʊ /

UK / ju /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Person someone is speaking or writing to
  • Person or people in general

year

Copy vocabulary

US / jə: /

UK / jɪr /

A1
  • noun
  • Unit of time equal to 12 months or 365 or 366 days
  • Used to refer to the age of a person

how

Copy vocabulary

US / haʊ /

UK / haʊ /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • To what degree? in what amount?
  • adverb
  • (Used to explain the way to do something)
  • exclamation
  • For what purpose or reason?
  • (Used to ask someone or something's condition)

also

Copy vocabulary

US / 'ɔ:lsəʊ /

UK / ˈɔlso /

A1
  • adverb
  • In addition; too; in a similar way

than

Copy vocabulary

US / ðən /

UK / ðən /

A1
  • conjunction
  • Used to compare two things that are not equal

into

Copy vocabulary

US / 'ɪntə /

UK / ˈɪntu /

A1
  • preposition
  • Moving or going inside something
  • In the same direction as; in the direction of
  • So as to become; taking the state of

john

Copy vocabulary

US / dʒɔn /

UK / dʒɑn /

A1
  • noun
  • A toilet.
  • A prostitute's client.
  • proper noun
  • (1165–1216), son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine; king of England 1199–1216; known as John Lack
  • The name of six kings of Portugal.

less

Copy vocabulary

US / les /

UK / lɛs /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Smaller in amount or degree
  • adverb
  • To a smaller degree
  • noun
  • A smaller amount
  • preposition
  • With the subtraction of

follow

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈfɔləu /

UK / ˈfɑlo /

A1
  • verb
  • To come after someone; be guided by someone
  • To support someone, e.g. singer or comedian
  • To be the logical result of something
  • To happen after something else happens
  • To believe a set of values or a moral teacher
  • To understand something happening or being said

this

Copy vocabulary

US / ðɪs /

UK / ðɪs /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Used to indicate something already been discussed
  • Used to indicate something happening around now
  • adverb
  • An indication by a physical motion or gesture
  • A specific amount of
  • determiner
  • Person, thing, or idea near you
  • pronoun
  • Person, thing that has already been discussed

flip

Copy vocabulary

US / flɪp /

UK / flɪp /

B2
  • noun
  • Act of turning your body in the air; somersault
  • Movement of something from one position to another
  • verb
  • To turn your body in the air, as in gymnastics
  • To move into a different position quickly
  • To move a button or switch to turn on or off

across

Copy vocabulary

US / əˈkrɔs /

UK / əˈkrɔs,əˈkrɑs /

A1
  • adverb
  • Distance from one side to another
  • (Go) from one side to the other of something

welcome

Copy vocabulary

US / 'welkəm /

UK / ˈwɛlkəm /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being what was wanted or needed
  • noun
  • Friendly greeting to someone who has arrived
  • verb
  • To greet someone who has just arrived
  • To accept or receive something happily and gladly

correspondent

Copy vocabulary

US / ˌkɒrəˈspɒndənt /

UK / ˌkɔrɪˈspɑndənt, ˌkɑr- /

B1
  • noun
  • Journalist, as one reporting from other countries

too

Copy vocabulary

US / tu: /

UK / tu /

A1
  • adverb
  • In addition, also; with emphasis
  • Say that something is more than you want

once

Copy vocabulary

US / wʌns /

UK / wʌns /

A1
  • adverb
  • One time; one instance
  • At a time in the past
  • conjunction
  • When; as soon as

declare

Copy vocabulary

US / dɪ'kleə(r) /

UK / dɪˈklɛr /

A2
  • verb
  • To make a statement in a strong and confident way
  • To show the cost of things purchased overseas
  • To say something in an official or sure way

will

Copy vocabulary

US / wɪl /

UK / wɪl /

A1
  • noun
  • Desire or choice of someone
  • Document saying who gets your money when you die
  • Strong desire to do something; determination
  • Desire to do something; strong wish to do
  • other
  • Used with verbs to express the future
  • verb
  • To leave property to someone after your death
  • To use mental effort to make something happen
  • Am (is, are) likely to do
  • To influence someone to do something
  • To make something happen by strongly wanting it

deploy

Copy vocabulary

US / dɪˈplɔɪ /

UK / dɪˈplɔɪ /

B1
  • verb
  • To put into position (often a military operation)

always

Copy vocabulary

US / 'ɔ:lweɪz /

UK / ˈɔlwez,-wɪz,-wiz /

A1
  • adverb
  • For a very long time
  • At all times; in every situation
  • For ever

after

Copy vocabulary

US / 'ɑ:ftə(r) /

UK / ˈæftɚ /

A1
  • adverb
  • Later than another time, or behind something
  • conjunction
  • Following something before
  • preposition
  • When an event happened or time has passed

switch

Copy vocabulary

US / swɪtʃ /

UK / swɪtʃ /

A2
  • noun
  • A change or shift from one method to another
  • Thing you move to turn electrical items on or off
  • Thin flexible piece of wood or stick
  • verb
  • To exchange or replace something for another thing

day

Copy vocabulary

US / deɪ /

UK / de /

A1
  • noun
  • A period of 24 hours beginning at midnight
  • The period of time when it is light outside
  • Person's name

story

Copy vocabulary

US / 'stɔ:rɪ /

UK / ˈstɔri, ˈstori /

A1
  • noun
  • One of many floors or levels in a building
  • Account or description of how something happened

baltic

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈbɔ:ltɪk /

UK / 'bɔ:ltɪk /

A1
  • noun
  • A branch of the Indo-European family of languages related to the Slavonic languages; Baltic language
  • other
  • A sea in northern Europe; stronghold of the Russian navy
  • Of or near or on the Baltic Sea
  • Of or pertaining to or characteristic of the Baltic States or their peoples or languages

additional

Copy vocabulary

US / əˈdɪʃənl /

UK / ə'dɪʃənl /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Further or added

small

Copy vocabulary

US / smɔ:l /

UK / smɔl /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Little in size; not big
  • (Of letters) not written in capital letters
  • Being insignificant or minor
  • (Of a business) with few people or things; local
  • (Of voice) being soft and quiet
  • (Of a child) being young

quick

Copy vocabulary

US / kwɪk /

UK / kwɪk /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Using very little time; moving far in little time
  • Learning and understanding rapidly and easily

position

Copy vocabulary

US / pəˈzɪʃn /

UK / pəˈzɪʃən /

A1
  • noun
  • Person's opinion or attitude about something
  • Specific location where someone or something is
  • Where you play or your role on a sports team
  • Person's job or status level
  • Set of conditions affecting what you can (not) do
  • verb
  • To put in a particular location or direction

new

Copy vocabulary

US / nju: /

UK / nu, nju /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Not old, recently born, built or made
  • Being or doing something for the first time
  • Not felt, seen or known previously
  • Having been recently bought or obtained

meaning

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈmi:nɪŋ /

UK / ˈminɪŋ /

A1
  • noun
  • Idea or thing represented by words or sentences
  • verb
  • To express a particular idea or thought
  • To intend to do something in particular
  • To have a particular intention or value

actually

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈæktʃuəli /

UK / ˈæktʃuəli /

A1
  • adverb
  • Used to add new (often different) information

history

Copy vocabulary

US / 'hɪstrɪ /

UK / ˈhɪstəri /

A2
  • noun
  • Established pattern or record
  • Study of past events as an academic subject

full

Copy vocabulary

US / fʊl /

UK / fʊl /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Containing all the parts; complete
  • Containing or holding as much as possible
  • Having had enough food
  • adverb
  • In a direct manner; completely

equip

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪ'kwɪp /

UK / ɪˈkwɪp /

A2
  • verb
  • To provide with necessary materials or skills

scene

Copy vocabulary

US / si:n /

UK / sin /

A2
  • noun
  • Incident where someone behaves angrily, badly
  • View that looks like a picture
  • Place where something particular happened
  • Part of an act in a play

brussels

Copy vocabulary

US / 'brʌslz /

UK / 'brʌsəlz /

A1
  • plural noun
  • Brussels sprouts.
  • proper noun
  • The capital of Belgium, in the central part of the country; population 1,048,491 (2008). The headqua

see

Copy vocabulary

US / si: /

UK / si /

A1
  • verb
  • To go on a date with someone
  • To predict whether something is, or will be true
  • To understand what someone says
  • To use your eyes to look at something
  • To visit a place often for sightseeing or pleasure
  • To visit or meet with someone
  • To find out by waiting or looking
  • To watch (a game, movie or TV show)

affair

Copy vocabulary

US / ə'feə(r) /

UK / əˈfɛr /

A2
  • noun
  • Secret sexual relationship between two people
  • Event or a set of events, often unpleasant ones

with

Copy vocabulary

US / wɪð /

UK / wɪð, wɪθ /

A1
  • preposition
  • As an employee of a certain company
  • Against something or someone
  • By using something as a means
  • Due to; because of
  • Including
  • Possessing as a feature
  • Related to
  • (Of the manner/attitude by which you do something)
  • Used to express that people or things are together

process

Copy vocabulary

US / prə'ses /

UK / ˈprɑsˌɛs, ˈproˌsɛs /

A2
  • noun
  • Dealing with official forms in the way required
  • Set of changes that occur slowly and naturally
  • verb
  • To organize and use data in a computer
  • To deal with official forms in the way required
  • To prepare by treating something in a certain way
  • To adopt a set of actions that produce a result
  • To convert by putting something through a machine

public

Copy vocabulary

US / 'pʌblɪk /

UK / ˈpʌblɪk /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Owned by the government
  • Concerning society in general
  • Being available or accessible to people in general
  • Known or able to be known by all people

mature

Copy vocabulary

US / məˈtʃʊə(r) /

UK / məˈtʃʊr /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Behaving like an adult
  • Being fully developed physically
  • verb
  • (Wine, cheese) To age to improve its taste

know

Copy vocabulary

US / nəʊ /

UK / noʊ /

A1
  • verb
  • To be familiar with a person or place, thing
  • To feel sure or be convinced about something
  • To discover or be aware of something
  • To be able to distinguish
  • To have knowledge of things

raise

Copy vocabulary

US / reɪz /

UK / rez /

A1
  • noun
  • Increase in a bet above another when playing cards
  • Pay increase
  • verb
  • To increase a bet above another when playing cards
  • To gather donations for a cause or charity
  • To bring up and educate a child to maturity
  • To bring a dead person to life
  • To increase a quantity, size, intensity or price
  • To lift (e.g. your hand) to a higher position
  • To mention a topic /issue for discussion; bring up
  • To increase (salary, etc.)
  • To grow or care for plants or animals

quickly

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈkwɪkli /

UK / ˈkwɪklɪ /

A1
  • adverb
  • Without taking a lot of time; fast

mind

Copy vocabulary

US / maɪnd /

UK / maɪnd /

A1
  • noun
  • One's opinion or way of thinking about something
  • Part of humans that allows us to think or feel
  • verb
  • To be bothered or upset by something
  • To take care of someone e.g. as a bodyguard

clear

Copy vocabulary

US / klɪə(r) /

UK / klɪr /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Empty; without anything in it or on it
  • Being certain and without doubt
  • Being without any streaks, spots, or cracks
  • Easy to understand; well-explained; obvious
  • adverb
  • Completely; entirely; through the whole of
  • Away from; free from
  • verb
  • To recover from or remove a problem
  • To get rid of the entire contents of
  • To give permission for something to happen
  • To make a place or surface empty by removing
  • To prove that someone is not guilty or to blame

tuesday

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈtjuːzdeɪ /

UK / ˈtuːzdeɪ /

A1
  • noun
  • Second day of the week; the day after Monday

western

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈwestən /

UK / ˈwestərn /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Movies often about cowboys in the American West
  • Coming from, found in, or facing towards the west

presence

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈprezns /

UK / ˈprɛzəns /

A2
  • noun
  • The same place or area that a person is
  • Ability to reach a market, group of people etc.
  • Something not physically seen but felt to be there
  • Feeling a person gives by being noticeable

plan

Copy vocabulary

US / plæn /

UK / plæn /

A1
  • noun
  • Drawing of how something should be done or made

part

Copy vocabulary

US / pɑ:t /

UK / pɑ:rt /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • To some degree; half; not fully
  • noun
  • Division of a book
  • Ratio of something, e.g. 3 of gin, 1 of tonic
  • A line in a person's hair, made with a comb
  • Character an actor plays on stage, movie, or TV
  • Some, but not all of a specific thing
  • Role in causing something to happen
  • verb
  • To make a line in a person's hair, by using a comb
  • To move two things apart creating a space
  • To leave someone, or to break off a relationship

last

Copy vocabulary

US / lɑ:st /

UK / læst /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Most recent; the latest
  • The one before
  • adverb
  • Final; with nothing following; after all others
  • Most recent; the latest
  • determiner
  • The one at the end
  • verb
  • To remain or continue for a certain period of time

have

Copy vocabulary

US / həv /

UK / hæv /

A1
  • verb
  • To drink, smoke, eat or use something
  • To experience the effects of something
  • To organize an event, or join in an activity
  • To own, possess, or hold something
  • To cause to happen or produce a particular effect

before

Copy vocabulary

US / bɪˈfɔ:(r) /

UK / bɪˈfɔr,-ˈfor /

A1
  • adverb
  • At a time earlier than the present; previously
  • conjunction
  • In advance of something happening
  • preposition
  • In front of someone or something

world

Copy vocabulary

US / wɜ:ld /

UK / wɜrld /

A1
  • noun
  • All the humans, events, activities on the earth
  • Political division due to some kind of similarity

nordic

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈnɔ:dɪk /

UK / ˈnɔ:rdɪk /

C1
  • adjecitve
  • Of Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland, or Iceland

month

Copy vocabulary

US / mʌnθ /

UK / mʌnθ /

A1
  • noun
  • One of 12 28-31 day periods in the year

hugely

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈhju:dʒli /

UK / ˈhjuːdʒli /

A2
  • adverb
  • Greatly; extremely

collective

Copy vocabulary

US / kəˈlektɪv /

UK / kəˈlɛktɪv /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Formed by working together as a group
  • noun
  • Business owned or controlled by its workers

resolve

Copy vocabulary

US / rɪ'zɒlv /

UK / rɪˈzɑlv /

B1
  • verb
  • To make a decision to do something
  • To find an answer, solution to a problem/ question
  • To change gradually into a different form
  • To decide to try to do something
  • To change into something, other parts, etc.

armed

Copy vocabulary

US / ɑ:md /

UK / ɑːrmd /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Having weapons ready to use against others
  • verb
  • To activate a weapon or bomb for use
  • To give a gun or other weapon to a person or group

security

Copy vocabulary

US / sɪ'kjʊərətɪ /

UK / sɪˈkjʊrɪtisə'kjurətɪ /

A2
  • noun
  • Department in a company in charge of protection
  • Financial document, like stocks, bonds and notes
  • Person paid to protect property and people
  • Things done to protect people, buildings etc.
  • Condition of being safe from danger or harm

research

Copy vocabulary

US / rɪ'sɜ:tʃ /

UK / rɪˈsɚtʃ, ˈriˌsɚtʃ /

A2
  • noun
  • Study done to discover new ideas and facts
  • Work done to find or discover knowledge
  • verb
  • To study in order to discover new ideas and facts

nobody

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈnəʊbədi /

UK / ˈnoʊbədi /

A1
  • pronoun
  • No person; no one; not any person

good

Copy vocabulary

US / ɡʊd /

UK / ɡʊd /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Proper, appropriate or right
  • (Of an amount) enough; plenty
  • Excellent; high quality
  • Acting well or properly; of moral character
  • In a positive or happy emotional state
  • noun
  • Advantage or benefit

fellow

Copy vocabulary

US / 'feləʊ /

UK / ˈfɛlo /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Being of the same kind
  • noun
  • Man or a boy
  • Student paid to study and teach after college

but

Copy vocabulary

US / bət /

UK / bʌt,bət /

A1
  • conjunction
  • Used before you say something different, opposite

want

Copy vocabulary

US / wɔnt /

UK / wɑnt, wɔnt /

A1
  • noun
  • Something you desire or wish for
  • State or condition of poverty
  • verb
  • To desire or wish for something; hope for a thing

significant

Copy vocabulary

US / sɪgˈnɪfɪkənt /

UK / sɪɡˈnɪfɪkənt /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Large enough to be noticed or have an effect
  • Having meaning; important; noticeable
  • (Statistics) being clearly different

putin

Copy vocabulary

US / /

UK / /

A1
  • noun
  • An act or the right of putting the ball into a scrum.

expect

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪk'spekt /

UK / ɪkˈspɛkt /

A1
  • verb
  • To believe something is probably going to happen

brutal

Copy vocabulary

US / 'bru:tl /

UK / ˈbrutl /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Extremely violent or mean

table

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈteɪbl /

UK / ˈtebəl /

A1
  • noun
  • Diagram that shows data in rows and columns
  • Raised flat surface you sit at to work or eat
  • verb
  • To leave an idea to be discussed at a later date

structure

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈstrʌk.tʃə /

UK / ˈstrʌk.tʃɚ /

A2
  • noun
  • The way in which the parts of a system or object are arranged or organized, or a system arranged in
  • verb
  • To plan, organize, or arrange the parts of something

south

Copy vocabulary

US / saʊθ /

UK / saʊθ /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Direction to your right when facing the rising sun
  • Coming from the opposite direction from north
  • noun
  • The direction to your right of the rising sun

now

Copy vocabulary

US / naʊ /

UK / naʊ /

A1
  • adverb
  • At the present time or moment
  • Right away or in the next possible moment
  • Used to refer to something that just happened
  • Time between the present and a moment in the past
  • conjunction
  • Resulting from or because of something

against

Copy vocabulary

US / əˈgenst /

UK / əˈɡenst /

A1
  • preposition
  • In physical contact with, as for support; next to
  • In opposition to; disagreeing with

war

Copy vocabulary

US / wɔ:(r) /

UK / wɔr /

A2
  • noun
  • Situation where armies fight each other

towards

Copy vocabulary

US / tə'wɔ:dz /

UK / 'təuədz, twɔ:dz /

A1
  • preposition
  • In the direction of someone or something

recent

Copy vocabulary

US / 'ri:snt /

UK / ˈrisənt /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Happening or beginning not long ago

planner

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈplænə(r) /

UK / 'plænər /

B1
  • noun
  • Notebook for recording appointments/things to do
  • Person involved in planning something, e.g. a city

turkey

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈtɜ:ki /

UK / ˈtɜ:rki /

C1
  • noun
  • Edible bird resembling a large chicken
  • other
  • An event that fails badly or is totally ineffectual
  • Flesh of large domesticated fowl usually roasted

internal

Copy vocabulary

US / inˈtə:nəl /

UK / ɪnˈtɚnəl /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Being or happening in the body
  • Being, happening in a country, state, organization
  • Within or inside; interior; not external

final

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈfaɪnl /

UK / ˈfaɪnəl /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • That will not be changed; permanent
  • Being the last thing in a series
  • noun
  • Last game in a series in a competition

civilian

Copy vocabulary

US / sə'vɪlɪən /

UK / sɪˈvɪljən /

B2
  • noun
  • Ordinary person who is not in the army

ally

Copy vocabulary

US / 'ælaɪ /

UK / 'ælaɪ /

B1
  • noun
  • Someone who supports, helps, or defends you
  • verb
  • To join a group to offer or receive support

become

Copy vocabulary

US / bɪ'kʌm /

UK / bɪˈkʌm /

A1
  • verb
  • To begin to be; grow to be; develop into
  • To be suitable for a particular job or role

whole

Copy vocabulary

US / həul /

UK / hol /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Complete or full; all of
  • Being in a good condition
  • noun
  • Complete amount or sum; total

not

Copy vocabulary

US / nɒt /

UK / nɑt /

A1
  • adverb
  • Word indicating the negative
  • (Used to form the negative of verbs)

our

Copy vocabulary

US / 'aʊə(r) /

UK / aʊr /

A1
  • determiner
  • Belonging to us

paul

Copy vocabulary

US / pɔ:l /

UK / pɔ:l /

A1
  • other
  • Paul's name was Saul prior to his conversion to Christianity

would

Copy vocabulary

US / wʊd /

UK / wʊd /

A1
  • other
  • Used to indicate something imagined
  • Used to ask or request something politely
  • Verb used to indicate possibility, request etc.
  • Used to indicate a preference
  • Used to indicate a reaction
  • Indicates something that occurred repeatedly
  • Used to indicate willingness or ability to do

owen

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈəʊvəm /

UK / ˈoʊvəm /

A1

member

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈmembə(r) /

UK / ˈmɛmbɚ /

A1
  • noun
  • Part of the body of a human, animal
  • Person or thing belonging to a group or team

helsinki

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈhelsiŋki /

UK / ˈhɛlˌsɪŋki, hɛlˈsɪŋ- /

A1
  • proper noun
  • The capital of Finland, a port in the southern part of the country, on the Gulf of Finland; populati

involve

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪn'vɒlv /

UK / ɪnˈvɑlv /

A2
  • verb
  • To have or be included as a part of something
  • Introduction to Video Content
  • Finland is set to become the 31st member of NATO on Tuesday, in response to the invasion of Ukraine by Russia. The decision was motivated by Finland's long border with Russia and the desire for protection from potential aggression. The accession process has been the quickest in NATO's recent history, with Finland's flag being raised at NATO headquarters in Brussels. Russia had hoped for less NATO presence in Eastern Europe, but instead, it is facing more NATO involvement, with Finland and Sweden joining the alliance. The border between NATO and Russia will more than double with Finland's membership, creating a tense situation due to the ongoing conflict in Ukraine. Finland's armed forces are well-prepared and well-equipped, making it an ideal candidate for joining NATO. Finland has been a close partner of the alliance for many years, and its neighbor, Sweden, is likely to follow suit soon. However, Russia sees NATO's expansion as a threat and has vowed to strengthen its forces nearby. If NATO deploys troops and equipment to Finland, Russia has warned of taking additional steps. Overall, Finland's membership in NATO marks a significant shift in the balance of power in Northern Europe and signifies a consolidated stance against potential Russian aggression.
  • Subtitles section
  • Hello and welcome.
  • Finland will become the 31st member of NATO later on Tuesday.
  • The application to join the Western military alliance was prompted by the invasion of Ukraine by Russia, with which Finland shares a very long border.
  • Our diplomatic correspondent Paul Adams has the story.
  • Finland only said it wanted to join NATO last year.
  • This afternoon its flag will be raised at the headquarters in Brussels, the quickest accession process in NATO's recent history.
  • President Putin went to war against Ukraine with a declared aim to get less NATO.
  • He wanted NATO to remove our forces, our structures from all allies that have joined after 1997, meaning all allies in Central and Eastern Europe.
  • And he wanted NATO to make it absolutely clear that NATO's door was closed for any new membership.
  • He's getting the exact opposite.
  • He's getting more NATO presence in the Eastern part of the alliance and he's getting two new members with Finland and Sweden.
  • Finland's long frontier with Russia, the scene of fighting early in the Second World War, more than doubles the border between NATO and its adversary, at a time, thanks to the war in Ukraine, of extremely high tension.
  • Finland's armed forces are well trained and well equipped, with huge numbers of reserves.
  • Finland has been a close partner of NATO for years.
  • It'll have no trouble fitting in.
  • Its neighbour to the west, Sweden, is likely to follow suit in the coming months, once differences with another NATO member, Turkey, are resolved.
  • Moscow says it'll strengthen its forces nearby to confront what it sees as NATO's threatening move.
  • And if the alliance deploys troops and equipment to Finland, as it has in the Baltics, then Russia says it'll take additional steps.
  • Paul Adams, BBC News.
  • Well, let's get more on this and go to Helsinki, where I'm joined by Owen McNamara, a research fellow at the Finnish Institute of Internal Affairs.
  • Welcome to you.
  • Good to have you on the programme.
  • This is a hugely significant day for Finland, isn't it, which is abandoning its long-held position of neutrality.
  • Yes, this is a very significant day for Finland, its security, but it's also a very, very significant day for NATO, the NATO alliance as a whole, and for security in Northern Europe.
  • The Finnish people's attitude to NATO literally changed overnight, didn't it?
  • Before the Russian invasion of Ukraine, around 30% were pro-joining NATO, and after the invasion it was 80%.
  • How real do you think any threat is from Russia towards Finland?
  • Well, of course, as John Maynard Keynes once said, when the facts change, I change my mind.
  • And the facts changed late in 2021 when Russia started issuing ultimatums to NATO that it wouldn't take any new members into 2022, of course, with its brutal escalation of aggression in Ukraine.
  • So, these issues, these facts change.
  • Finland, of course, Finnish society was very, very well informed about the various security options.
  • And, of course, NATO deterrence, NATO collective defence, that is seen as the strongest medicine for Finnish security right now.
  • Nobody wants the brutal war crimes that we have seen in Ukraine replicated on Finnish territory.
  • So, this flipped the switch of public opinion in Finland and brought the country on this year-long journey towards NATO membership that will find its final destination today with Finland becoming a full member of the alliance.
  • Yeah, it's happened extremely quickly, hasn't it?
  • Did anybody expect that?
  • I think, you know, Finns are always vigilant.
  • But, of course, the country met the political criteria for NATO membership.
  • Finland is a very strong and mature democracy, liberal democracy.
  • And, of course, Finland has a very strong and impressive military system, defence system for a small state.
  • So, NATO is an asset for the alliance, just as the alliance is an asset for Finland.
  • Yeah, absolutely.
  • It's a two-way street, isn't it?
  • But what's actually going to change militarily for Finland now?
  • Well, I don't think too much will change right now.
  • Of course, NATO is not just about the Atlantic Treaty.
  • It's also about the O in NATO, the organisation.
  • So, Finland will now have a full seat at the table.
  • Its military planners and its civilian security planners, its diplomats and its defence officials will be fully involved in NATO's planning, NATO's contingency planning for security across the alliance and for security in Northern Europe.
  • So, this is very, very good news, not just for Finland and its security, not just for NATO, but also Finland's neighbours, its Nordic neighbours to the west and its Baltic neighbours to the south.
  • OK, Owen McNamara, thanks very much for being with us and for your thoughts on Finland joining NATO today.
  • Thank you.