Subtitles section
Repeat sentence
Subtitles mode
Full screen
Previous
Next
x 1.0
Playback speed
More

The End of Freelance? How California's Rules Become America's Rules

Video vocabulary

department

Copy vocabulary

US / dɪˈpɑ:tmənt /

UK / dɪˈpɑ:rtmənt /

A2
  • noun
  • Division of a larger part or organization

interview

Copy vocabulary

US / 'ɪntəvju: /

UK / ˈɪntɚˌvju /

A2
  • noun
  • Meeting to ask questions to get information
  • verb
  • To formally ask questions about a given topic

pretty

Copy vocabulary

US / 'prɪtɪ /

UK / ˈprɪti /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being attractive to the eye in a simple way
  • adverb
  • Very; to a great degree

payroll

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈpeɪrəʊl /

UK / ˈpeɪroʊl /

B2
  • noun
  • Money needed to pay those working for a company
  • List of people working for a company

america

Copy vocabulary

US / ə'merɪkə /

UK / əˈmɛrɪkə /

A1
  • noun
  • The United States of America; North America and/or South America

all

Copy vocabulary

US / ɔ:l /

UK / ɔl /

A1
  • adverb
  • Completely; totally
  • determiner
  • Being every one of something
  • pronoun
  • 100% of something; the complete amount

professor

Copy vocabulary

US / prəˈfesə(r) /

UK / prəˈfɛsɚ /

A2
  • noun
  • Teacher who teaches at a college or university

who

Copy vocabulary

US / hu: /

UK / hu /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Which person
  • Used to introduce information about people

worker

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈwɜ:kə(r) /

UK / ˈwɜ:rkə(r) /

A1
  • noun
  • Person who works

cleanup

Copy vocabulary

US / 'kli:nʌp /

UK / 'kli:nˌʌp /

A1
  • other
  • (Baseball) The fourth position in the batting order (usually filled by the best batter on the team)

guitar

Copy vocabulary

US / gɪˈtɑ:(r) /

UK / ɡɪˈtɑr /

A2
  • noun
  • Stringed instrument played with the fingers

abuse

Copy vocabulary

US / ə'bju:s /

UK / əˈbjuz /

A2
  • noun
  • Improper/dishonest/excessive use of something
  • Insulting someone, e.g. by swearing at them
  • verb
  • To mistreat or be cruel towards someone
  • To use in an inappropriate or excessive way
  • To use something wrongly or dishonestly
  • To insult someone or swear at them

fourth

Copy vocabulary

US / fɔ:θ /

UK / fɔ:rθ /

A1
  • noun
  • 4th

old

Copy vocabulary

US / əʊld /

UK / old /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Having existed for a long time, not young or new
  • Age of a person since birth

work

Copy vocabulary

US / wɜ:k /

UK / wɚk /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Activity completed in order to make money
  • noun
  • The product of some artistic or literary endeavor
  • Everything created by an author, artist, musician
  • Activity you do in order to make money
  • Place of employment
  • Final product or result of a some labor or effort
  • verb
  • To bring into a specific state of success
  • To be functioning properly, e.g. a car
  • To do your job in your company or workplace
  • To make an effort to do something
  • To operate a machine or device

ago

Copy vocabulary

US / əˈgəʊ /

UK / əˈgoʊ /

A1
  • adverb
  • At a specified length of time in the past

agree

Copy vocabulary

US / əˈgri: /

UK / əˈɡri /

A1
  • verb
  • To have the same opinion as someone else

else

Copy vocabulary

US / els /

UK / ɛls /

A1
  • adverb
  • Otherwise; if you fail to
  • (Of person place thing etc.) besides; in addition

huge

Copy vocabulary

US / hju:dʒ /

UK / hjudʒ /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Very very large

their

Copy vocabulary

US / ðɛː /

UK / ðer /

A1
  • determiner
  • Belonging to them

way

Copy vocabulary

US / weɪ /

UK / we /

A1
  • adverb
  • Used to emphasize the amount of something
  • noun
  • Particular aspect of something being thought about
  • One of various choices that could be made
  • Particular existing condition or state
  • (Often long) distance or length of time
  • How something is done
  • Route to go to a place
  • Small street
  • Usual behavior, emotions or habits of someone

freelance

Copy vocabulary

US / 'fri:lɑ:ns /

UK / ˈfriˌlæns /

B2
  • verb
  • To work for yourself, not a company

capitol

Copy vocabulary

US / 'kæpɪtl /

UK / 'kæpɪtl /

A1
  • other
  • A building occupied by a state legislature
  • Government building in Washington where the United States Senate and the House of Representatives me

take

Copy vocabulary

US / teɪk /

UK / tek /

A1
  • noun
  • Filming of a single scene for TV or the movies
  • verb
  • To accept something that is offered
  • To use a method of traveling, e.g. a bus or train
  • To use a camera to make (a photo)
  • To pick up something and go away with it
  • To study a subject in school
  • To attempt to pass (an exam)
  • To require a certain amount of time, money, space

act

Copy vocabulary

US / ækt /

UK / ækt /

A1
  • noun
  • What someone did; action; behavior
  • A law or rule passed by a government we must obey
  • One of the parts that a stage play is divided into
  • verb
  • To behave in a certain way
  • To perform on a stage or in a movie

approve

Copy vocabulary

US / əˈpru:v /

UK / əˈpruv /

A2
  • verb
  • To formally accept something or grant permission
  • To have a positive opinion of someone or something

country

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈkʌntri /

UK / ˈkʌntri /

A1
  • noun
  • An area of land that is controlled by a government
  • Open land that is away from towns and cities

lobby

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈlɒbi /

UK / ˈlɑ:bi /

B1
  • noun
  • Main entrance and waiting room of public building
  • Group employed to persuade people to change laws
  • verb
  • To try to persuade a government to change laws

pay

Copy vocabulary

US / peɪ /

UK / pe /

A1
  • noun
  • Money you receive from your job, work, etc.
  • verb
  • To give money for goods or work done
  • To give (attention, respect, etc.) to
  • To be punished or suffer for something you did
  • To make (a visit) to a person or place

regular

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈregjələ(r) /

UK / ˈrɛɡjəlɚ /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Having an equal amount of space or time in between
  • Occurring or being done frequently
  • Being normal, usual, or average
  • noun
  • Customers who frequently visit a place
  • Soldier who has a permanent job in the army

dollar

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈdɒlə(r) /

UK / ˈdɑ:lə(r) /

A1
  • noun
  • A basic unit of money equal to 100 cent

neither

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈnaɪðə(r) /

UK / ˈniðɚ, ˈnaɪ- /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Not one or the other not either none of two things
  • adverb
  • Similarly not, also not
  • conjunction
  • Not in either case
  • determiner
  • Not one or the other
  • pronoun
  • Not either one

they

Copy vocabulary

US / ðeɪ /

UK / ðe /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Two or more people, animals, or things

yep

Copy vocabulary

US / jep /

UK / jɛp /

B2
  • noun
  • Another way of saying 'yes'

advantage

Copy vocabulary

US / əd'vɑ:ntɪdʒ /

UK / ædˈvæntɪdʒ /

A2
  • noun
  • Thing making the chance of success higher
  • A positive point about something

minimum

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈmɪnɪməm /

UK / ˈmɪnəməm /

B1
  • noun
  • Smallest degree or level that is acceptable

support

Copy vocabulary

US / səˈpɔ:t /

UK / səˈpɔrt, -ˈport /

A1
  • noun
  • Assistance or advice given to someone
  • Evidence that helps prove something is true
  • A thing to hold up or prevent from falling down
  • verb
  • To give assistance or advice to someone
  • To help prove or show that something is true
  • To hold up or prevent from falling down

expect

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪk'spekt /

UK / ɪkˈspɛkt /

A1
  • verb
  • To believe something is probably going to happen

significant

Copy vocabulary

US / sɪgˈnɪfɪkənt /

UK / sɪɡˈnɪfɪkənt /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Large enough to be noticed or have an effect
  • Having meaning; important; noticeable
  • (Statistics) being clearly different

want

Copy vocabulary

US / wɔnt /

UK / wɑnt, wɔnt /

A1
  • noun
  • Something you desire or wish for
  • State or condition of poverty
  • verb
  • To desire or wish for something; hope for a thing

yet

Copy vocabulary

US / jet /

UK / jɛt /

A1
  • adverb
  • At a later time (used after ‘not’)
  • (Used to emphasize that thing is, will be greater)
  • Eventually; at a future time
  • Until now; up to the present
  • conjunction
  • Adding to what has been said, often as a contrast

bassist

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈbeɪsɪst /

UK / ˈbeɪsɪst /

B2
  • noun
  • Musician who play the bass violin or base guitar

can

Copy vocabulary

US / kæn /

UK / kən,kæn /

A1
  • noun
  • A metal container for storing food
  • other
  • Able to; have the skill to; have the time to
  • verb
  • To have permission to
  • To be possible to do
  • To preserve food by sealing it in a metal container

copy

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈkɒpi /

UK / ˈkɑ:pi /

A1
  • noun
  • A counter for items that are the same
  • Fake product pretending to be an original
  • An imitation of an original
  • A duplicate of a paper printed in a photocopier
  • Written text for printing, use in ads, etc.
  • verb
  • To make something look the same as the original
  • To act in the exact same way as someone else
  • To read and then write down what you read

record

Copy vocabulary

US / 'rekɔ:d /

UK / ˈrekərd /

A1
  • noun
  • Highest or most extreme level achieved
  • Round plastic disc on which music has been stored
  • History of a person's past actions or achievements
  • verb
  • To indicate a temperature, speed, etc.; register
  • To write down or say what happened
  • To put music, sounds onto a device to store it

our

Copy vocabulary

US / 'aʊə(r) /

UK / aʊr /

A1
  • determiner
  • Belonging to us

not

Copy vocabulary

US / nɒt /

UK / nɑt /

A1
  • adverb
  • Word indicating the negative
  • (Used to form the negative of verbs)

seventy

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈsevnti /

UK / ˈsɛvənti /

A1
  • number
  • 70

law

Copy vocabulary

US / lɔ: /

UK / lɔ /

A1
  • noun
  • Field of study that relates to the legal profession
  • A rule made and enforced by a government
  • System or rules made by the government

now

Copy vocabulary

US / naʊ /

UK / naʊ /

A1
  • adverb
  • At the present time or moment
  • Right away or in the next possible moment
  • Used to refer to something that just happened
  • Time between the present and a moment in the past
  • conjunction
  • Resulting from or because of something

politic

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈpɒlətɪk /

UK / ˈpɑlɪtɪk /

B2
  • adjecitve
  • Careful what you say; diplomatic

operate

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈɒpəreɪt /

UK / ˈɑ:pəreɪt /

A1
  • verb
  • To control or handle something, such as a machine
  • To control or manage something such as a business
  • To be working or being used
  • To perform surgery on someone

cut

Copy vocabulary

US / kʌt /

UK / kʌt /

A1
  • noun
  • Act/instance of reducing the size or amount of
  • Small opening made using a sharp object, knife
  • A wound on someone's skin caused by a sharp object
  • verb
  • To reduce the size or amount of something
  • To use knife or scissors to divide, open surfaces

but

Copy vocabulary

US / bət /

UK / bʌt,bət /

A1
  • conjunction
  • Used before you say something different, opposite

give

Copy vocabulary

US / ɡɪv /

UK / ɡɪv /

A1
  • noun
  • Degree of flexibility in something, a material
  • verb
  • To hand over or present something to someone
  • To cause someone to have or experience something

good

Copy vocabulary

US / ɡʊd /

UK / ɡʊd /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Proper, appropriate or right
  • (Of an amount) enough; plenty
  • Excellent; high quality
  • Acting well or properly; of moral character
  • In a positive or happy emotional state
  • noun
  • Advantage or benefit

single

Copy vocabulary

US / 'sɪŋɡl /

UK / ˈsɪŋɡəl /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being one only, without others
  • Only; merely
  • Not married or in a relationship
  • noun
  • One run in cricket or a hit baseball
  • An individual song from a CD or album
  • Person who is not married or in a relationship

would

Copy vocabulary

US / wʊd /

UK / wʊd /

A1
  • other
  • Used to indicate something imagined
  • Used to ask or request something politely
  • Verb used to indicate possibility, request etc.
  • Used to indicate a preference
  • Used to indicate a reaction
  • Indicates something that occurred repeatedly
  • Used to indicate willingness or ability to do

boss

Copy vocabulary

US / bɒs /

UK / bɔs, bɑs /

A1
  • noun
  • Person in charge of you at work
  • verb
  • To give orders to someone in an unpleasant way

prevent

Copy vocabulary

US / prɪ'vent /

UK / prɪˈvɛnt /

A2
  • verb
  • To stop something from happening or existing

voter

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈvəʊtə(r) /

UK / ˈvotɚ /

B1
  • noun
  • Person who can vote in an election

tune

Copy vocabulary

US / tju:n /

UK / tun, tjun /

A2
  • noun
  • Group of musical notes that make a pleasant sound
  • verb
  • To make adjustments to equipment to make it better
  • To adjust to be at the right musical pitch
  • To modify how something operates, looks, e.g. car

driver

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈdraɪvə(r) /

UK / ˈdraɪvɚ /

A1
  • noun
  • People who move cattle from one place to another
  • Someone who operates a vehicle
  • A club with a wooden head used when playing golf

check

Copy vocabulary

US / tʃek /

UK / tʃɛk /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Decorated with squares made up of lines
  • noun
  • Paper showing how much you owe at a restaurant
  • Printed piece of paper you sign to pay for things
  • A mark on a form, equivalent to 'yes'; tick
  • Mark used to show that something is correct
  • Procedure to prevent errors or control something
  • verb
  • To confirm the details of something are correct
  • To leave your things with staff who look after it
  • To examine something to see if something is wrong
  • To examine in order to prevent errors/a problem

definitely

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈdefɪnətli /

UK / ˈdefɪnətli /

A2
  • adverb
  • Without question; beyond doubt

freelancer

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈfri:lɑ:nsə(r) /

UK / ˈfriːlænsər /

B2
  • noun
  • Person working for him, herself, not a company

empowerment

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪm'paʊəmənt /

UK / ɪm'poʊrmənt /

B2
  • noun
  • Giving the power to make their own decisions

kill

Copy vocabulary

US / kɪl /

UK / kɪl /

A1
  • noun
  • Animal killed by a person or other animal
  • verb
  • To cause someone to experience a lot of pain
  • To end the life of a person or other living thing
  • To be very funny
  • To prevent something from continuing or operating
  • To do something unimportant to pass time quickly

job

Copy vocabulary

US / dʒɒb /

UK / dʒɑ:b /

A1
  • noun
  • Something that must be done
  • Regular work at which you earn money

sorry

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈsɒri /

UK / ˈsɑ:ri /

A1
  • exclamation
  • What you say to admit you were wrong
  • adjecitve
  • Causing others to feel pity; poor
  • Feeling regret or sympathy about wrong thing

california

Copy vocabulary

US / ˌkælɪ'fɔ:njə, -'fɔ:ni:ə /

UK / ˌkælɪ'fɔ:rnjəˌ -'fɔ:rni:ə /

A1
  • noun
  • A state in the western United States on the Pacific; the rd largest state; known for earthquakes

just

Copy vocabulary

US / dʒʌst /

UK / dʒʌst /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Proper or appropriate; as is deserved
  • Doing or being what is right or fair
  • Legally correct; having enough evidence
  • adverb
  • Almost; nearly
  • Exactly at the time of
  • Exactly (the same as, like)

letter

Copy vocabulary

US / 'letə(r) /

UK / ˈlɛtɚ /

A1
  • noun
  • One of the 26 parts of the English alphabet
  • Message you put in an envelope and send by post

insurance

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪnˈʃʊərəns /

UK / ɪnˈʃʊrəns /

A2
  • noun
  • Protection against loss/injury/death you pay for

report

Copy vocabulary

US / rɪ'pɔ:t /

UK / rɪˈpɔrt, ˈport /

A1
  • noun
  • Account of the necessary facts and information
  • The telling of news in the media
  • Official statement about something
  • verb
  • To submit a report or bill to the government
  • To write in a newspaper or speak on a news program
  • To state something officially
  • To officially present yourself to an authority
  • To describe something by telling it to others

recover

Copy vocabulary

US / rɪ'kʌvə(r) /

UK / rɪ'kʌvər /

A2
  • verb
  • To return to a prior normal condition
  • To get back something that was lost

ask

Copy vocabulary

US / ɑ:sk /

UK / æsk /

A1
  • verb
  • To say to someone that you want something

protest

Copy vocabulary

US / 'prəʊtest /

UK / ˈproʊtɛst /

A2
  • noun
  • Forceful argument against something
  • Objection to something
  • verb
  • To argue against something in a forceful way
  • To express a strong objection or dislike

since

Copy vocabulary

US / sɪns /

UK / sɪns /

A1
  • adverb
  • At a point before the present time
  • conjunction
  • For this reason; because
  • preposition
  • From the time in the past that

well

Copy vocabulary

US / wel /

UK / wɛl /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being in a fortunate, good condition or state
  • Healthy and in good condition
  • adverb
  • In an acceptable, proper, or successful manner
  • In a complete, total, or full manner
  • A great and considerable degree
  • In a successful way, in a good or satisfactory way
  • exclamation
  • Used to begin or continue a particular statement
  • Used to show you want to start saying something
  • Used to express that you are waiting for a reply
  • You say this to change the topic of a conversation
  • Used to indicate you are making a final remark
  • noun
  • Long deep hole in the ground to get water
  • verb
  • To cause your eyes to fill with tears

assemblywoman

Copy vocabulary

US / əˈsembliwʊmən /

UK / əˈsembliwʊmən /

A1
  • noun
  • Woman who is part of a legislative assembly

labor

Copy vocabulary

US / 'leɪbə(r) /

UK / ˈlebɚ /

A1
  • noun
  • The people with work in a community
  • All of the workers in a country, specific company
  • verb
  • To struggle to do something because it's difficult
  • To work hard (often physically) for many hours

much

Copy vocabulary

US / mʌtʃ /

UK / mʌtʃ /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Very; to a high level or degree
  • adverb
  • A lot; large amount; a high degree of
  • Nearly; basically
  • On many occasions; often
  • noun
  • A large amount; a great quantity

music

Copy vocabulary

US / 'mju:zɪk /

UK / ˈmjuzɪk /

A1
  • noun
  • Sounds that are sung or played to give pleasure
  • Academic study of rhythms and sounds
  • Written symbols that represent musical sounds

destroy

Copy vocabulary

US / dɪ'strɔɪ /

UK / dɪˈstrɔɪ /

A2
  • verb
  • To damage so badly that something no longer exists
  • To defeat someone or something easily
  • To kill a sick or unwanted animal

face

Copy vocabulary

US / feɪs /

UK / fes /

A1
  • noun
  • Side or outer surface of something
  • An expression using mouth, nose, eyes etc.
  • Front part of the head where eyes, mouth etc. are
  • Characteristics you show in public
  • verb
  • To cover a surface with something like paint
  • To deal with a problem or responsibilities
  • To look toward; point in a certain direction

hour

Copy vocabulary

US / 'aʊə(r) /

UK / aʊr /

A1
  • noun
  • 60 minutes
  • Particular time of the day
  • Fixed, regularly occurring time

those

Copy vocabulary

US / ðəʊz /

UK / ðoz /

A1
  • determiner
  • The people or things we are talking about
  • pronoun
  • The objects far from the speaker

benefit

Copy vocabulary

US / 'benɪfɪt /

UK / ˈbɛnəfɪt /

A2
  • noun
  • Good result or effect, something advantageous
  • verb
  • To have a good effect or be helpful

special

Copy vocabulary

US / 'speʃl /

UK / ˈspɛʃəl /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being additional or extra
  • Different, better or greater than normal
  • noun
  • Heavily discounted sales item

for

Copy vocabulary

US / fə(r) /

UK / fɔr,fə /

A1
  • preposition
  • Used to show the purpose, or need of something

player

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈpleɪə(r) /

UK / ˈpleɚ /

A1
  • noun
  • Machine that plays recorded material
  • Person who plays a musical instrument
  • Person who plays games on devices
  • Person who plays sports

profession

Copy vocabulary

US / prəˈfeʃn /

UK / prəˈfɛʃən /

A2
  • noun
  • Act of stating your beliefs or feelings openly
  • Job requiring special education or skills
  • Group of people working in a certain job

spend

Copy vocabulary

US / spend /

UK / spɛnd /

A2
  • verb
  • To use money to pay for something
  • To use time in order to do something
  • To use up something completely

time

Copy vocabulary

US / taɪm /

UK / taɪm /

A1
  • noun
  • Speed at which music is played; tempo
  • Point as shown on a clock, e.g. 3 p.m
  • Number of hours, minutes needed to do something
  • Occasion when something happens
  • Period or occasion that something occurred
  • Period in history or the past
  • Something measured in minutes, hours, days, etc.
  • How long an event takes; duration
  • verb
  • To check speed at which music is performed
  • To choose a specific moment to do something
  • To measure how long an event takes, e.g. a race
  • To schedule something to occur at a specific moment

why

Copy vocabulary

US / waɪ /

UK / hwaɪ, waɪ /

A1
  • adverb
  • Question word to ask for a reason
  • exclamation
  • (Used to express surprise or approval)

victory

Copy vocabulary

US / 'vɪktərɪ /

UK / ˈvɪktəri /

B1
  • noun
  • Defeating or beating someone or something

embarrassed

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪmˈbærəst /

UK / ɪmˈbærəst /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Ashamed
  • verb
  • To cause someone to feel ashamed

first

Copy vocabulary

US / fɜ:st /

UK / fɚst /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • 1st; Coming before all others in time or place
  • noun
  • Something that has not happened before
  • Position of the winner of a competition

get

Copy vocabulary

US / ɡet /

UK / ɡɛt /

A1
  • verb
  • To become affected by illness or disease
  • To begin to feel or understand an emotion or idea
  • To send or bring someone or something home, etc.
  • To go somewhere to obtain something
  • To (cause to) do a particular thing
  • To obtain, receive or be given something
  • To currently have
  • To prepare for use
  • To understand something being said or read

hard

Copy vocabulary

US / hɑ:d /

UK / hɑː(r)d /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Difficult to do; difficult to understand
  • (Of facts) not able to be misunderstood; clear
  • (Of alcohol) strong
  • Involving or requiring lots of work, effort, care
  • Being full of pain, trouble, and problems
  • Strong
  • (Of edge) clear; sharp
  • Difficult to bend, break or cut; solid
  • adverb
  • With lots of force, power, or impact

medium

Copy vocabulary

US / 'mi:dɪəm /

UK / ˈmidiəm /

A2
  • noun
  • Method of expressing ideas or feelings
  • Something available in a middle size or condition
  • Person who claims to communicate with the dead

president

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈprezɪdənt /

UK / ˈprɛzɪdənt,-ˌdɛnt /

A2
  • noun
  • Person in charge of a country, or organization

win

Copy vocabulary

US / wɪn /

UK / wɪn /

A1
  • noun
  • Success in beating the other team or competitors
  • Success in a game or contest
  • verb
  • To get something as a prize because of a success
  • To gain something you want because of your efforts
  • To succeed in a game or contest

bill

Copy vocabulary

US / bɪl /

UK / bɪl /

A2
  • noun
  • Plan for a new law being discussed by a government
  • Sign or poster advertising something
  • Paper money; a bank note
  • Piece of paper showing what you have to pay
  • Hard, often pointed part of a bird's mouth
  • Person's name
  • verb
  • To request payment by handing over an invoice

claim

Copy vocabulary

US / kleɪm /

UK / klem /

A2
  • noun
  • Demand for something that is believed to be due
  • Something said to be true when others don't agree
  • verb
  • To demand something that is believed to be due
  • To cause someone's life to come to an end
  • To say something is true when others may not agree

comp

Copy vocabulary

US / kɒmp /

UK / kɑ:mp /

B2
  • noun
  • Intensive examination of specialized information

political

Copy vocabulary

US / pəˈlɪtɪkl /

UK / pəˈlɪtɪkəl /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Being active or interested in government matters
  • Diplomatic
  • Of the system of elections and government
  • Concerning government or public affairs
  • Involved in getting of power/influence in a group

pastime

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈpɑ:staɪm /

UK / ˈpæsˌtaɪm /

B1
  • noun
  • Activity that someone does, because they enjoy it

tell

Copy vocabulary

US / tel /

UK / tɛl /

A1
  • verb
  • To (strongly) advise a person to do something
  • To be able to guess
  • To say or communicate information to someone
  • To inform, but without speaking; indicate
  • To have a negative effect on someone
  • To order someone to do something; command
  • To recognize something based on certain signs
  • To report something to an authority
  • To explain something or teach someone something

hardly

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈhɑ:dli /

UK / ˈhɑ:rdli /

A2
  • adverb
  • Clearly or undoubtedly not; very little
  • Almost not; scarcely

participation

Copy vocabulary

US / pɑ:ˌtɪsɪˈpeɪʃn /

UK / pɑ:rˌtɪsɪˈpeɪʃn /

C1
  • noun
  • Act of being involved in something

right

Copy vocabulary

US / raɪt /

UK / raɪt /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Correct or true
  • The south side of you looking at the rising sun
  • adverb
  • Exactly in a place or time
  • Being appropriate for a particular event
  • In a straight or direct manner
  • noun
  • Something you are legally or morally allowed to do
  • Ideal of what is just and good
  • Political view based on conservatism
  • verb
  • To fix something previously wrong or unjust
  • To make upright, as a boat that has turned over

she

Copy vocabulary

US / ʃɪ /

UK / ʃi /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Female person or animal mentioned before
  • (Refers to female person mentioned before)

force

Copy vocabulary

US / fɔ:s /

UK / fɔrs, fors /

A1
  • noun
  • Group of persons trained for military action; army
  • Pressure; attraction
  • The use of physical strength/violence to persuade
  • verb
  • To use physical strength or violence to persuade

family

Copy vocabulary

US / 'fæməlɪ /

UK / ˈfæmli /

A1
  • noun
  • Close group of people or organizations
  • A group of people who are related through blood
  • Group of related plants or animals

impose

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪmˈpəʊz /

UK / ɪmˈpoʊz /

A2
  • verb
  • To make someone to do or endure something

preserve

Copy vocabulary

US / prɪˈzɜ:v /

UK / prɪˈzɜ:rv /

B1
  • noun
  • Protected area of land with plants and animals
  • verb
  • To cook food so it can be kept for long periods
  • To protect something from harm, loss or damage
  • To keep or maintain unchanged or perfect

must

Copy vocabulary

US / məst /

UK / mʌst /

A1
  • noun
  • Something that is necessary or required
  • other
  • (Used to state that something ought to be true)
  • Used to say something is required or necessary

sick

Copy vocabulary

US / sɪk /

UK / sɪk /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Having a physical or mental illness
  • Morally wrong; perverted

photographer

Copy vocabulary

US / fəˈtɒgrəfə(r) /

UK / fəˈtɑ:grəfə(r) /

A2
  • noun
  • Professional who takes photographs for a living

then

Copy vocabulary

US / ðen /

UK / ðɛn /

A1
  • adverb
  • A time that is not now
  • Following another thing in time or arrangement
  • Following on reasonably from what was just stated
  • At that time, not now

biden

Copy vocabulary

US / spi:d /

UK / spid /

A1

clever

Copy vocabulary

US / 'klevə(r) /

UK / ˈklɛvɚ /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Funny in a way that shows intelligence
  • Showing intelligence; quick to understand or learn

gonzalez

Copy vocabulary

US / gɑnˈzɑləz /

UK / /

A1

own

Copy vocabulary

US / əʊn /

UK / on /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Belong to oneself
  • determiner
  • Yours, his, hers, etc.; not belonging to another
  • pronoun
  • (Something) belong to myself
  • verb
  • To have something as your property

similar

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈsɪmələ(r) /

UK / ˈsɪməlɚ /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Nearly the same; alike

each

Copy vocabulary

US / i:tʃ /

UK / itʃ /

A1
  • determiner
  • Every one of two or more things
  • pronoun
  • Per one person or thing

happen

Copy vocabulary

US / 'hæpən /

UK / ˈhæpən /

A1
  • verb
  • To take place or occur

hire

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈhaɪə(r) /

UK / haɪr /

A2
  • noun
  • Short term rental of something e.g. car, phone
  • verb
  • To give a job to someone in exchange for pay
  • To give the use of something in exchange for money

feudalism

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈfju:dəlɪzəm /

UK / ˈfjudl:ˌɪzəm /

B2
  • noun
  • Medieval system where lords rented lands to serfs

enough

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪˈnʌf /

UK / ɪˈnʌf /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Sufficient to answer the need
  • adverb
  • To a satisfactory degree
  • pronoun
  • Equal to what is needed; as much as required
  • Adequate number or amount

great

Copy vocabulary

US / ɡreɪt /

UK / ɡret /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Very large in size
  • Very important
  • Very good; fantastic; wonderful
  • adverb
  • Very good; better than before
  • noun
  • Successful and well-admired person

priority

Copy vocabulary

US / praɪ'ɒrətɪ /

UK / praɪˈɔrɪti, -ˈɑr- /

B1
  • noun
  • Thing that is more important/urgent than others

sustain

Copy vocabulary

US / sə'steɪn /

UK / səˈsten /

B2
  • verb
  • To lengthen or continue to do something
  • To support or maintain someone or something
  • To suffer something damaging or bad

about

Copy vocabulary

US / ə'baʊt /

UK / əˈbaʊt /

A1
  • adverb
  • To be ready to; going to
  • Nearly; approximately; roughly
  • Near; next to; close to
  • In every direction; in the area of
  • preposition
  • Concerning or of (a topic)

current

Copy vocabulary

US / 'kʌrənt /

UK / ˈkɚrənt, ˈkʌr- /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Happening or being in the present time
  • noun
  • Electricity flowing through wires
  • Movement of water in a river, or air in the sky

again

Copy vocabulary

US / ə'ɡen /

UK / əˈɡɛn /

A1
  • adverb
  • One more time, once more

even

Copy vocabulary

US / 'i:vn /

UK / ˈivən /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being equal in influence, power, possibility etc.
  • Being divided equally or fairly
  • (Of teams/contest) with similar chances of success
  • Smooth, level, or regular
  • Can be divided by 2; ending in 2, 4, 6, 8, or 0
  • At a regular, equally steady manner
  • Remaining steady and unchanging
  • adverb
  • (When this is surprising) as well; too
  • (Used to compare two things/stress the difference)
  • verb
  • To make something level; to flatten
  • To make something equal

eventually

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪˈventʃuəli /

UK / ɪˈvɛntʃuəli /

A2
  • adverb
  • After a long time; after many attempts; in the end

independent

Copy vocabulary

US / ˌɪndɪˈpendənt /

UK / ˌɪndɪˈpɛndənt /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Making your own decisions; acting by yourself
  • noun
  • A person not connected to a political party

like

Copy vocabulary

US / laɪk /

UK / laɪk /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being equal in status or kind to something else
  • Similar; the same
  • adverb
  • For example
  • preposition
  • Used as a filler; used to ad emphasis
  • In a way similar to the way something is done
  • Such as; for example
  • verb
  • To want to
  • To find something pleasing; to prefer something

people

Copy vocabulary

US / 'pi:pl /

UK / ˈpipəl /

A1
  • noun
  • Persons sharing culture, country, background, etc.
  • Men, Women, Children

that

Copy vocabulary

US / ðæt /

UK / ðæt, ðət /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • The person or thing being talked about
  • Used to identify something both the speakers know
  • adverb
  • Used to reinforce adjectives and adverbs
  • To such a degree
  • conjunction
  • Used to connect a noun clause
  • Used to introduce an adverbial clause
  • Used to introduce a noun clause
  • determiner
  • Used as a noun to refer to something
  • pronoun
  • Referring an object far away
  • Used to refer to the relative pronoun ‘which’

what

Copy vocabulary

US / wɒt /

UK / hwɑt, hwʌt, wɔt, wʌt,hwət, wət /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Thing or things that; the same kind as
  • Used to emphasize something you are about to say
  • adjecitve
  • Used to refer to a particular amount, or number
  • Used to place emphasis on a particular quality
  • adverb
  • To a certain degree
  • determiner
  • Question words used for asking for information
  • exclamation
  • Used to express excitement, shock, or surprise
  • Used to ask people to repeat something they said

call

Copy vocabulary

US / kɔ:l /

UK / kɔl /

A1
  • noun
  • A order or request for action
  • The sound an animal makes, often when in danger
  • A correct prediction, e.g. a decision in a game
  • A short visit to a place or person
  • A decision by a referee or umpire in a game
  • verb
  • To make a request or order for action
  • (Animal) to make sounds to warn of danger
  • To announce the date of an election
  • To make a judgment about something
  • To give someone or something a name
  • To guess in advance the result or outcome
  • To visit a place or person for a short time
  • To phone someone
  • To speak, announce or shout in a loud voice

far

Copy vocabulary

US / fɑ:(r) /

UK / fɑr /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • A long way away
  • Being a long way away
  • adverb
  • To a large degree or extent

leave

Copy vocabulary

US / li:v /

UK / liv /

A1
  • noun
  • Permission to do something
  • Vacation time; time off work
  • verb
  • To go away from; depart
  • To gift property to someone after you die
  • To allow something to continue happening
  • To let something remain unused or available
  • To let something or someone remain somewhere

where

Copy vocabulary

US / hwɛə /

UK / hwɛr, wɛr /

A1
  • conjunction
  • At or in the place which
  • In whatever place
  • pronoun
  • Word you use to ask the location of something

any

Copy vocabulary

US / 'enɪ /

UK / ˈɛni /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • One, or some, no matter which
  • pronoun
  • One (thing) of many; some

anybody

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈenibɒdi /

UK / ˈenibʌdi /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Any person; anyone

company

Copy vocabulary

US / 'kʌmpənɪ /

UK / ˈkʌmpəni /

A1
  • noun
  • Good feeling from being with someone else
  • A business that sells things or provides services
  • Guests, especially in your home
  • Being with another person rather than alone

help

Copy vocabulary

US / help /

UK / hɛlp /

A1
  • noun
  • Something given to enable a person to do something
  • Assistance given to someone in need
  • Someone who makes something easier or possible
  • verb
  • To act to enable a person to do something; assist
  • To make something better or less difficult

think

Copy vocabulary

US / θɪŋk /

UK / θɪŋk /

A1
  • verb
  • To have an idea about something without certainty
  • To have an idea, opinion or belief about something

industry

Copy vocabulary

US / 'ɪndəstrɪ /

UK / ˈɪndəstri /

A1
  • noun
  • Hard work; being busy working
  • Factories or businesses that make certain products

most

Copy vocabulary

US / məʊst /

UK / most /

A1
  • adverb
  • Very; extremely
  • Greatest possible degree
  • pronoun
  • Nearly all of something

rest

Copy vocabulary

US / rest /

UK / rɛst /

A1
  • noun
  • Time when one relaxes, sleeps, or is inactive
  • State in which there is a lack of motion
  • Part of something remaining after some was used
  • verb
  • To stop working or avoid activity to recover
  • (Of dead person) to lie in a grave
  • To lean, support or place something against
  • To not be tired because you had enough sleep

hey

Copy vocabulary

US / heɪ /

UK / he /

A1
  • exclamation
  • What you say when you want someone's attention

hurt

Copy vocabulary

US / hɜ:t /

UK / hɚt /

A1
  • noun
  • Mental, emotional, or physical pain
  • verb
  • To cause pain, damage or injury

proposition

Copy vocabulary

US / ˌprɒpəˈzɪʃn /

UK / ˌprɑ:pəˈzɪʃn /

B1
  • noun
  • General claim or theory
  • Something you want to do that may be difficult

reclassify

Copy vocabulary

US / ˌriːˈklæsɪfaɪ /

UK / ˌriːˈklæsɪfaɪ /

B2
  • verb
  • To re-arrange things into groups of similar items

and

Copy vocabulary

US / ənd /

UK / ənd, ən,ænd /

A1
  • conjunction
  • Used to refer to two or more things
  • Plus; in addition; on top of that
  • Used to introduce an action that follows another

back

Copy vocabulary

US / bæk /

UK / bæk /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Farthest from the front e.g. in a classroom
  • adverb
  • Have returned to a place you were before
  • noun
  • The part of a chair that the upper body leans upon
  • Location at the rear of something
  • The reverse of side something
  • Area on the rear of your body
  • verb
  • To bet money on something
  • To go backwards in a car
  • To support and encourage someone or some cause

dozen

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈdʌzn /

UK / ˈdʌzən /

A2
  • noun
  • 12 people or things

exemption

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪgˈzempʃn /

UK / ɪɡˈzɛmpʃən /

B2
  • noun
  • Release from duties others are required to do
  • Deduction allowed to a taxpayer due to a status

guy

Copy vocabulary

US / ɡaɪ /

UK / ɡaɪ /

A1
  • noun
  • Man; boy; any person

lot

Copy vocabulary

US / lɒt /

UK / lɑt /

A1
  • noun
  • What happens to a person in life from chance; fate
  • A group of people seen together
  • Item for sale at an auction
  • Small area of land used for a purpose e.g. parking

money

Copy vocabulary

US / 'mʌnɪ /

UK / ˈmʌni /

A1
  • noun
  • Coins or notes we use to pay for things

gig

Copy vocabulary

US / gɪg /

UK / ɡɪɡ /

B2
  • noun
  • Show; performance; job for a musician or performer
  • Job that lasts for a short amount of time

legislation

Copy vocabulary

US / ˌledʒɪsˈleɪʃn /

UK / ˌlɛdʒɪˈsleʃən /

B1
  • noun
  • Act or process of writing and passing laws

only

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈəunli /

UK / ˈonli /

A1
  • adverb
  • Just one; just that amount or thing; not more than
  • Not very important or serious
  • Just that type of thing, person
  • Short time ago; not before a certain time
  • conjunction
  • Except; but

put

Copy vocabulary

US / pʊt /

UK / pʊt /

A1
  • phrasal verb
  • to make a light stop shining by pressing or moving a switch
  • verb
  • To move or place a thing in a particular position
  • To rate something in importance or value
  • To write or say something in a certain manner

ten

Copy vocabulary

US / ten /

UK / tɛn /

A1
  • number
  • 10

two

Copy vocabulary

US / tu: /

UK / tu /

A1
  • number
  • 2

keep

Copy vocabulary

US / ki:p /

UK / kip /

A1
  • noun
  • Large, strong tower in the middle of a castle
  • Money spent on you so you can live in a place
  • verb
  • To continue doing something; not to stop
  • To stop balls going in a goal in sports
  • To not give back or return something
  • (Of food) to not spoil or not rot
  • To take possession of something to own, e.g. a pet
  • To have and continue to hold something
  • To do something that you have promised or agreed
  • To stay in a certain place or condition
  • To maintain the rules

unemployment

Copy vocabulary

US / ˌʌnɪmˈplɔɪmənt /

UK / ˌʌnɛmˈplɔɪmənt,-ɪm- /

B1
  • noun
  • Number of people without jobs in a country
  • State of not having a job

something

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈsʌmθɪŋ /

UK / ˈsʌmθɪŋ /

A1
  • adverb
  • In some degree or measure
  • noun
  • a person or thing of some value or consequence
  • pronoun
  • Thing that is not yet known or named
  • Approximately

from

Copy vocabulary

US / frəm /

UK / frʌm, frɑm,frəm /

A1
  • preposition
  • Starting at a particular place, time or level

out

Copy vocabulary

US / aʊt /

UK / aʊt /

A1
  • adverb
  • No longer stylish (e.g. fashion)
  • Away from home, business, or the usual place
  • In a direction/movement away from inside or center
  • noun
  • Act when a batter cannot continue playing
  • verb
  • To tell people a secret

eleven

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪˈlevn /

UK / ɪˈlɛvən /

A1
  • number
  • 11

history

Copy vocabulary

US / 'hɪstrɪ /

UK / ˈhɪstəri /

A2
  • noun
  • Established pattern or record
  • Study of past events as an academic subject

notice

Copy vocabulary

US / 'nəʊtɪs /

UK / ˈnotɪs /

A1
  • noun
  • Time by when you must leave, e.g. if you are fired
  • Paper with an announcement, e.g. pinned to a board
  • verb
  • To become aware by sight, touch, or hearing

choice

Copy vocabulary

US / tʃɔɪs /

UK / tʃɔɪs /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Of good quality or taste; desirable
  • noun
  • Decision between two or more possibilities

page

Copy vocabulary

US / peɪdʒ /

UK / pedʒ /

A1
  • noun
  • Person's name
  • One side of a sheet of paper
  • (Olden times) boy servant of a king or queen
  • Screen of information on an online service
  • verb
  • To call for someone via a phone or speaker

see

Copy vocabulary

US / si: /

UK / si /

A1
  • verb
  • To go on a date with someone
  • To predict whether something is, or will be true
  • To understand what someone says
  • To use your eyes to look at something
  • To visit a place often for sightseeing or pleasure
  • To visit or meet with someone
  • To find out by waiting or looking
  • To watch (a game, movie or TV show)

backlash

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈbæklæʃ /

UK / ˈbækˌlæʃ /

C2
  • noun
  • a strong negative reaction by a large number of people, for example to something that has recently c

could

Copy vocabulary

US / kəd /

UK / kʊd /

A1
  • other
  • Past form of 'can' to mean have ability
  • Used to ask for something politely, or to offer

know

Copy vocabulary

US / nəʊ /

UK / noʊ /

A1
  • verb
  • To be familiar with a person or place, thing
  • To feel sure or be convinced about something
  • To discover or be aware of something
  • To be able to distinguish
  • To have knowledge of things

often

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈɔfən /

UK / ˈɔfən,ˈɑfən,ˈɔftən,ˈɑf- /

A1
  • adverb
  • Many times; frequently; on many occasions

before

Copy vocabulary

US / bɪˈfɔ:(r) /

UK / bɪˈfɔr,-ˈfor /

A1
  • adverb
  • At a time earlier than the present; previously
  • conjunction
  • In advance of something happening
  • preposition
  • In front of someone or something

have

Copy vocabulary

US / həv /

UK / hæv /

A1
  • verb
  • To drink, smoke, eat or use something
  • To experience the effects of something
  • To organize an event, or join in an activity
  • To own, possess, or hold something
  • To cause to happen or produce a particular effect

without

Copy vocabulary

US / wɪˈðaʊt /

UK / wɪðˈaʊt, wɪθ- /

A1
  • preposition
  • Not with; not having

dictate

Copy vocabulary

US / dɪk'teɪt /

UK / ˈdɪkˌtet /

B1
  • verb
  • To speak while someone writes down your words
  • To make a thing necessary
  • To order that something should happen

government

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈgʌvənmənt /

UK / ˈɡʌvənmənt /

A1
  • noun
  • Group of people and system that rule a nation

with

Copy vocabulary

US / wɪð /

UK / wɪð, wɪθ /

A1
  • preposition
  • As an employee of a certain company
  • Against something or someone
  • By using something as a means
  • Due to; because of
  • Including
  • Possessing as a feature
  • Related to
  • (Of the manner/attitude by which you do something)
  • Used to express that people or things are together

engineer

Copy vocabulary

US / ˌendʒɪ'nɪə(r) /

UK / ˌɛndʒəˈnɪr /

A2
  • noun
  • Someone whose job is designing machines, buildings
  • Someone whose job is to repair or maintain engines

interest

Copy vocabulary

US / 'ɪntrəst /

UK / ˈɪntrɪst, -tərɪst, -ˌtrɛst /

A1
  • noun
  • Best or most advantageous thing for someone
  • Activity or subject one enjoys doing or learning
  • Fee for borrowing money
  • verb
  • To make someone want to know about something
  • To persuade to do, become involved with something

fall

Copy vocabulary

US / fɔ:l /

UK / fɔl /

A1
  • noun
  • Season after summer and before winter; Autumn
  • A drop in amount; decrease
  • Dropping from a standing position to the ground
  • verb
  • To drop in amount; to decrease
  • To come down from a higher position suddenly
  • To go from standing to the ground, by accident

lawmaker

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈlɔ:meɪkə(r) /

UK / ˈlɔˌmekɚ /

A1
  • noun
  • Politicians who make new laws

away

Copy vocabulary

US / ə'weɪ /

UK / əˈwe /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Not present
  • adverb
  • Disappear completely
  • Doing something with a lot of energy
  • Not here; far from here; in a different direction
  • To a different area, location

group

Copy vocabulary

US / ɡru:p /

UK / ɡrup /

A1
  • noun
  • Two or more musicians who play music together
  • Number of people or things gathered together
  • verb
  • To combine or collect objects or people together

hundred

Copy vocabulary

US / 'hʌndrəd /

UK / ˈhʌndrɪd /

A1
  • number
  • 100

month

Copy vocabulary

US / mʌnθ /

UK / mʌnθ /

A1
  • noun
  • One of 12 28-31 day periods in the year

freedom

Copy vocabulary

US / 'fri:dəm /

UK / ˈfridəm /

B1
  • noun
  • State of being free, not being controlled

hand

Copy vocabulary

US / hænd /

UK / hænd /

A1
  • noun
  • Cards given to a player in a card game
  • Piece of a clock that points to the time
  • Someone who performs physical tasks or work
  • Body part at the end of a person's arm
  • Help for someone performing a particular action
  • Condition of having power or influence
  • Member of the crew of a ship
  • verb
  • To give something to someone personally

lyft

Copy vocabulary

US / 'laɪkənθrəʊp /

UK / 'laɪkənˌθroʊp /

A1

scientist

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈsaɪəntɪst /

UK / ˈsaɪəntɪst /

A2
  • noun
  • Person who is trained in a science

next

Copy vocabulary

US / nekst /

UK / nɛkst /

A1
  • adverb
  • The one that follows another in time or order
  • At a time or place directly after the present one
  • noun
  • The one that follows after
  • adjecitve
  • Immediately after the previous one
  • First occurrence after the present one

exploitative

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪkˈsplɔɪtətɪv /

UK / ɪkˈsplɔɪtətɪv /

C2
  • adjecitve
  • Taking advantage of others in a selfish manner

many

Copy vocabulary

US / 'menɪ /

UK / ˈmɛni /

A1
  • determiner
  • Used to refer a large number of things

musician

Copy vocabulary

US / mjuˈzɪʃn /

UK / mjuˈzɪʃən /

A1
  • noun
  • Person who writes, sings, or plays music, as a job

will

Copy vocabulary

US / wɪl /

UK / wɪl /

A1
  • noun
  • Desire or choice of someone
  • Document saying who gets your money when you die
  • Strong desire to do something; determination
  • Desire to do something; strong wish to do
  • other
  • Used with verbs to express the future
  • verb
  • To leave property to someone after your death
  • To use mental effort to make something happen
  • Am (is, are) likely to do
  • To influence someone to do something
  • To make something happen by strongly wanting it

team

Copy vocabulary

US / ti:m /

UK / tim /

A1
  • noun
  • Group of people working on a task together
  • Group of people playing a sport together

sociologist

Copy vocabulary

US / ˌsəʊsiˈɒlədʒɪst /

UK / ˌsoʊsiˈɑ:lədʒɪst /

B2
  • noun
  • Person who specializes in the study of society

feel

Copy vocabulary

US / fi:l /

UK / fil /

A1
  • verb
  • To be aware of or experience an emotion, sensation
  • To sense through direct contact; touch

side

Copy vocabulary

US / saɪd /

UK / saɪd /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • In addition to the central or most important thing
  • Next to, or very close to, the right or left of
  • noun
  • Position or opinion that is opposite to another
  • Right or left part of a person's body
  • Feature of someone's personality
  • Straight edge of an object
  • One of two or more groups fighting each other
  • verb
  • To decide to agree with one point, not the other

reason

Copy vocabulary

US / 'ri:zn /

UK / ˈrizən /

A1
  • noun
  • Ability to think about facts and form a judgment
  • Explanation for why something occurred or was done
  • verb
  • To think and make conclusions in a logical manner

too

Copy vocabulary

US / tu: /

UK / tu /

A1
  • adverb
  • In addition, also; with emphasis
  • Say that something is more than you want

union

Copy vocabulary

US / 'ju:nɪən /

UK / ˈjunjən /

A2
  • noun
  • Act of joining two or more things into one
  • Marriage
  • Organization of workers to look after their needs

reality

Copy vocabulary

US / rɪ'ælətɪ /

UK / riˈælɪti /

A2
  • noun
  • What is true, as opposed to what is imagined

someone

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈsʌmwʌn /

UK / ˈsʌmˌwʌn, -wən /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Person who is not known or named

here

Copy vocabulary

US / hɪə(r) /

UK / hɪr /

A1
  • adverb
  • In this place; at this location, position or time

lose

Copy vocabulary

US / lu:z /

UK / luz /

A1
  • verb
  • To be unable to keep in check or control something
  • To decrease in value or quantity (e.g. weight)
  • To stop having certain qualities or abilities
  • To stop having or being entitled to
  • To fail to win something that is being contested
  • To be unable to find something you once had
  • To be dependent on someone (used with 'not')

libertarian

Copy vocabulary

US / ˌlɪbəˈteəriən /

UK / ˌlɪbɚˈtɛriən /

C1
  • noun
  • Person who believes in low government interference

position

Copy vocabulary

US / pəˈzɪʃn /

UK / pəˈzɪʃən /

A1
  • noun
  • Person's opinion or attitude about something
  • Specific location where someone or something is
  • Where you play or your role on a sports team
  • Person's job or status level
  • Set of conditions affecting what you can (not) do
  • verb
  • To put in a particular location or direction

new

Copy vocabulary

US / nju: /

UK / nu, nju /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Not old, recently born, built or made
  • Being or doing something for the first time
  • Not felt, seen or known previously
  • Having been recently bought or obtained

try

Copy vocabulary

US / traɪ /

UK / traɪ /

A1
  • noun
  • Act of putting the ball over the rugby goal line
  • verb
  • To make an effort, to attempt to do something
  • To examine someone or something in a court of law
  • To test to see if it is good or you like it
  • To make a person go through hardship; test
  • To examine something to see if it works

club

Copy vocabulary

US / klʌb /

UK / klʌb /

A1
  • noun
  • Group of people who share an interest, as in sport
  • Place where people go to listen to music and dance
  • Long stick used for hitting things, as in golf
  • verb
  • To be grouped with others
  • To hit hard with a thick and heavy stick, weapon

day

Copy vocabulary

US / deɪ /

UK / de /

A1
  • noun
  • A period of 24 hours beginning at midnight
  • The period of time when it is light outside
  • Person's name

ever

Copy vocabulary

US / 'evə(r) /

UK / ˈɛvɚ /

A1
  • adverb
  • At any time; at all times in the future

tax

Copy vocabulary

US / tæks /

UK / tæks /

A2
  • noun
  • Money taken by a government from its people
  • verb
  • To require a lot of physical or mental effort
  • (Government) to take money from a country's people

regulation

Copy vocabulary

US / ˌregjuˈleɪʃn /

UK / ˌrɛɡjəˈleʃən /

A2
  • noun
  • Act of controlling something with rules or orders
  • other

third

Copy vocabulary

US / θɜ:d /

UK / θɜ:rd /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • 3rd: Number after second

sure

Copy vocabulary

US / ʃʊə(r) /

UK / ʃʊr /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Having no doubts about something
  • Have confidence in your own words or actions
  • Firmly established or held; being firm or stable
  • Being correct or true
  • adverb
  • What you say to agree willingly

economy

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪ'kɒnəmɪ /

UK / ɪˈkɑnəmi /

A1
  • noun
  • Using money, resources in a careful, effective way
  • Total of all goods, services and wages in an area

four

Copy vocabulary

US / fɔ:(r) /

UK / fɔr, for /

A1
  • number
  • 4

flexibility

Copy vocabulary

US / ˌfleksə'bɪləti /

UK / ˌfleksə'bɪləti /

B1
  • noun
  • The quality of being able to be bent or stretched

million

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈmɪljən /

UK / ˈmɪljən /

A1
  • number
  • 1,000,000

once

Copy vocabulary

US / wʌns /

UK / wʌns /

A1
  • adverb
  • One time; one instance
  • At a time in the past
  • conjunction
  • When; as soon as

wait

Copy vocabulary

US / weɪt /

UK / wet /

A1
  • verb
  • To delay or not do something until later
  • To spend time until an expected thing happens
  • To remain in a place until a thing happens

actually

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈæktʃuəli /

UK / ˈæktʃuəli /

A1
  • adverb
  • Used to add new (often different) information

deserve

Copy vocabulary

US / dɪ'zɜ:v /

UK / dɪˈzɚv /

A2
  • verb
  • To be worthy of, e.g. getting praise or attention

exempt

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪɡ'zempt /

UK / ɪɡˈzɛmpt /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Released from some duty that others have to do
  • (Tax) Not needed to pay

drummer

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈdrʌmə(r) /

UK / ˈdrʌmɚ /

A2
  • noun
  • Someone who plays a drum

historic

Copy vocabulary

US / hɪˈstɒrɪk /

UK / hɪˈstɔrɪk, -ˈstɑr- /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • (Of past event) having an effect on future; famous
  • Connected with the past

legislate

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈledʒɪsleɪt /

UK / ˈlɛdʒɪˌslet /

B1
  • verb
  • To make or enact laws

politician

Copy vocabulary

US / ˌpɒləˈtɪʃn /

UK / ˌpɑlɪˈtɪʃən /

A2
  • noun
  • Someone whose job is in politics

write

Copy vocabulary

US / raɪt /

UK / raɪt /

A1
  • verb
  • To compose letters and words on paper or a screen
  • To invent or create a computer program
  • To create a song or piece of music

exactly

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪgˈzæktli /

UK / ɪɡˈzæktli /

A1
  • adverb
  • No more and no less than; precisely

exception

Copy vocabulary

US / ɪkˈsepʃn /

UK / ɪkˈsɛpʃən /

B1
  • noun
  • Something different or not included

state

Copy vocabulary

US / steɪt /

UK / stet /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Concerning region within a country
  • noun
  • Region within a country, with its own government
  • Situation or condition something is in
  • verb
  • To say; declare as fact

big

Copy vocabulary

US / bɪɡ /

UK / bɪɡ /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Popular
  • Serious
  • Large

alone

Copy vocabulary

US / ə'ləʊn /

UK / əˈlon /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Apart from others
  • Without equal
  • adverb
  • Without anyone or anything else

little

Copy vocabulary

US / 'lɪtl /

UK / ˈlɪtl /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being short in length of time
  • Not great in size, amount, or degree; small
  • Being very young or younger than others
  • adverb
  • By an amount or degree that is not very much
  • Not often; rarely
  • noun
  • A person's name

might

Copy vocabulary

US / maɪt /

UK / maɪt /

A1
  • other
  • Used to politely request an action
  • Used to express that something could happen
  • Power, strength, force or influence

let

Copy vocabulary

US / let /

UK / lɛt /

A1
  • verb
  • To allow someone to do something
  • Introducing a suggestion to do something together
  • To rent a house, etc. to others

rumour

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈru:mə(r) /

UK / ˈrumɚ /

B1
  • noun
  • Gossip; story told by other people often not true
  • verb
  • To gossip; to tell a story about other people

mention

Copy vocabulary

US / 'menʃn /

UK / ˈmɛnʃən /

A2
  • noun
  • Act of referring to or talking about something
  • verb
  • To refer to or talk or write about something

the

Copy vocabulary

US / ðə /

UK / ðə /

A1
  • article
  • Used to refer to something already mentioned
  • Used to show there is only one of something
  • determiner
  • Used to describe all of a family

unfortunately

Copy vocabulary

US / ʌnˈfɔ:tʃənətli /

UK / ʌnˈfɔːrtʃənətli /

B1
  • adverb
  • In a way that is to be regretted; unluckily

dancer

Copy vocabulary

US / 'dɑ:nsə(r) /

UK / 'dænsər /

A2
  • noun
  • People who move their body with rhythm to music

into

Copy vocabulary

US / 'ɪntə /

UK / ˈɪntu /

A1
  • preposition
  • Moving or going inside something
  • In the same direction as; in the direction of
  • So as to become; taking the state of

other

Copy vocabulary

US / 'ʌðə(r) /

UK / ˈʌðər /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • A thing different from that mentioned
  • determiner
  • (Something) else; not the first (one)
  • pronoun
  • Being the one and only thing of that category

one

Copy vocabulary

US / wʌn /

UK / wʌn /

A1
  • pronoun
  • You; we; people in general; someone
  • The thing or person previously referred to
  • adjecitve
  • Used to refer to people generally
  • Being a strong example of (something mentioned)
  • number
  • Number 1

than

Copy vocabulary

US / ðən /

UK / ðən /

A1
  • conjunction
  • Used to compare two things that are not equal

won

Copy vocabulary

US / wʌn /

UK / wʌn, won /

A1
  • verb
  • To gain something you want because of your efforts
  • To succeed in a game or contest

may

Copy vocabulary

US / meɪ /

UK / me /

A1
  • noun
  • 5th month of the year
  • other
  • Used to express a desire
  • Expresses permission, possibility or probability
  • Used to show that a thing could be true

play

Copy vocabulary

US / pleɪ /

UK / pleɪ /

A1
  • noun
  • Loose, free movement between two objects
  • Single action in a sports game
  • Performance in which people act in a theater
  • verb
  • To act as a character in a movie, or on stage
  • To perform music on an instrument
  • To use a device, e.g. a video game
  • To do something for enjoyment and fun
  • To do or perform a game or sport

pro

Copy vocabulary

US / prəʊ /

UK / proʊ /

A2
  • noun
  • Reason given in support of something
  • Someone experienced and very good at something
  • Playing a golf, tennis etc. as a job

this

Copy vocabulary

US / ðɪs /

UK / ðɪs /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Used to indicate something already been discussed
  • Used to indicate something happening around now
  • adverb
  • An indication by a physical motion or gesture
  • A specific amount of
  • determiner
  • Person, thing, or idea near you
  • pronoun
  • Person, thing that has already been discussed

truck

Copy vocabulary

US / trʌk /

UK / trʌk /

A2
  • noun
  • Homegrown vegetables and fruit for sale
  • Large vehicle suitable for transporting things
  • Simple frame with wheels for moving things; cart
  • verb
  • To transport something on a lorry, van

unionize

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈju:niənaɪz /

UK / 'ju:nɪrnaɪz /

A1
  • verb
  • To form labor unions

also

Copy vocabulary

US / 'ɔ:lsəʊ /

UK / ˈɔlso /

A1
  • adverb
  • In addition; too; in a similar way

depression

Copy vocabulary

US / dɪ'preʃn /

UK / dɪˈprɛʃən /

B2
  • noun
  • Medical condition of a lack of vitality
  • Period of unemployment and low economic activity

five

Copy vocabulary

US / faɪv /

UK / faɪv /

A1
  • number
  • 5

kind

Copy vocabulary

US / kaɪnd /

UK / kaɪnd /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • In a caring and helpful manner
  • friendly and considerate
  • noun
  • One type of thing

how

Copy vocabulary

US / haʊ /

UK / haʊ /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • To what degree? in what amount?
  • adverb
  • (Used to explain the way to do something)
  • exclamation
  • For what purpose or reason?
  • (Used to ask someone or something's condition)

year

Copy vocabulary

US / jə: /

UK / jɪr /

A1
  • noun
  • Unit of time equal to 12 months or 365 or 366 days
  • Used to refer to the age of a person

you

Copy vocabulary

US / jʊ /

UK / ju /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Person someone is speaking or writing to
  • Person or people in general

make

Copy vocabulary

US / meɪk /

UK / mek /

A1
  • noun
  • Product made by a particular company; brand
  • verb
  • To arrange or prepare something e.g. dinner
  • To get to (a place) on time
  • To gain the status of (teacher, lawyer, etc.)
  • To create something by putting things together
  • To earn a certain amount of money at a job
  • To cause or force a person to do something
  • To cause something to happen or be formed

wage

Copy vocabulary

US / weɪdʒ /

UK / wedʒ /

A2
  • noun
  • Money paid to a worker for the hours they worked
  • verb
  • To start (war, etc.) to achieve a particular goal

overtime

Copy vocabulary

US / 'əʊvətaɪm /

UK / ˈovɚˌtaɪm /

B2
  • noun
  • Extra time in a sports game

three

Copy vocabulary

US / θri: /

UK / θri /

A1
  • number
  • Number 3

contractor

Copy vocabulary

US / kənˈtræktə(r) /

UK / ˈkɑnˌtræktɚ, kənˈtræk- /

A2
  • noun
  • Business doing work for an amount of money

favourite

Copy vocabulary

US / ˈfeɪvərɪt /

UK / 'fevərɪt /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Best liked or most enjoyed
  • noun
  • A thing that someone likes best or enjoys most

solution

Copy vocabulary

US / səˈlu:ʃn /

UK / səˈluʃən /

A2
  • noun
  • Mix of a liquid and a solid or a gas
  • Way to solve or deal with a problem
  • Subtitles section
  • The so called gig economy is about to get a big makeover.
  • The Labor Department just imposed three hundred pages of new regulations that could see millions of American workers reclassified from independent contractors to regular employees.
  • I'm told this will help freelancers recover lost wages and support a family.
  • This is one of President Biden's most important priorities, which is to make sure that one job is enough to sustain a family.
  • But wait, didn't leftists notice how similar rules in California made it harder to sustain a family?
  • The law destroyed jobs.
  • I reported on that four years ago when media claimed freelancers like Uber drivers were being abused.
  • This driver has a three year old and a one year old, but says he hardly gets to spend any time with them.
  • I have to work every single day, more than ten hours, eleven hours.
  • So unions pushed for a new law?
  • It passed.
  • Make sure that the one million independent contractors in California get the wages and benefits that they deserve.
  • Assemblywoman Gonzalez wrote the law that dictates millions of freelancers must now be hired as employees.
  • Gig workers win historic victories, said the media.
  • They'll get benefits they need, like a minimum wage, overtime, sick pay.
  • Politicians said, this will help freelancers a lot.
  • You're thinking you're helping us, but you're not.
  • Freelancers like Ari Herstand say, this law hurts us.
  • This law was written to help the little guy.
  • I'm the little guy.
  • I'm a musician.
  • I'll play a gig at a venue in LA, and I want to hire a drummer, a bassist, and a guitar player.
  • Two hundred bucks each.
  • Now, before, just cut him a check for two hundred dollars.
  • Now, I actually have to take that drummer, put him on payroll, W to him, get workers' comp insurance, unemployment insurance.
  • I have to pay payroll taxes.
  • I also have to now hire a payroll company?
  • Not only that, If he works for someone else,
  • I'm going to have to be an employee of that music venue when I just play there once.
  • Having a good one?
  • Yep.
  • The law targeted rideshare companies like Uber and Lyft.
  • Politicians claim the companies abuse drivers.
  • But now many drivers are upset by the law, saying, I like being independent.
  • I don't want a boss to tell me when or where to drive.
  • This is my favorite pastime right now.
  • When I get into an Uber or a Lyft, I ask my driver, what do you think about this new law?
  • They're like,
  • Oh, well, I'm a recording engineer, I'm a photographer, and this is my fourth side gig.
  • Like, I just, I want to do this when I want to do this.
  • And if now I'm an employee, and I'm W tuned, they're going to dictate my hours.
  • I don't want that.
  • The reason I do this is for the freedom and the flexibility.
  • But the lawmakers say we know better.
  • When you have to take a side job, or a third gig, or a fourth gig, that's not flexibility.
  • That's feudalism.
  • No, but we want to.
  • You're preventing us from doing what we want to do.
  • It's not something we need or we even want.
  • We want to leave it the way it is.
  • The law upset truck drivers too.
  • Dozens of independents who own and operate their own trucks drove around the Capitol protesting the bill.
  • Their protest won them an exemption from the law.
  • These other politically connected professions got exemptions too.
  • I've been trying to work out a cleanup bill to give the music industry an exemption from this law.
  • Oh, you get an exemption then, and the truck drivers get an exemption.
  • Why is that good law?
  • Exception for who's ever clever enough to get to the politicians.
  • It's definitely not the solution.
  • Can you just write us out of this law and help us out?
  • Here's some money for your new campaign, for your next campaign.
  • Like, no, that doesn't seem like that's a way to kind of legislate.
  • No, it doesn't.
  • But that's how it's often done.
  • Democrats want the rest of America to copy California's law, because they say freelance work is exploitive, abusive, it's a scam.
  • I don't feel like I'm being taken advantage of by anybody.
  • My choice, not yours!
  • Neither do these dancers.
  • They got in the lawmakers' face about it.
  • I work at a club, I have a choice.
  • I work at a club.
  • Who are you?
  • When Gonzalez lobbied for the law, she didn't mention jobs that her law might kill.
  • My choice!
  • But she did say... It preserves our current union jobs.
  • It's been rumored that the unions pretty much wrote this law and handed it to Assemblywoman Gonzalez and said, hey, pass this.
  • AB Five is backed by labor groups who want to unionize gig workers.
  • At first, the media were also big supporters of the law.
  • Gig workers win, said Vox.
  • But once the law passed, Vox Media cut hundreds of freelance jobs.
  • They were expecting that all of these companies were going to reclassify their contractors, their independent contractors, as employees.
  • In reality, what's actually happening is they're just letting them all go.
  • What do you have to say to those freelance journalists, those independent contractors who were working and have now lost their jobs because of AB Five, your bill?
  • First of all, it wasn't a job.
  • These aren't jobs.
  • These are freelance positions that may be three hours a month and it may be three hundred hours a month.
  • The arrogance of politicians.
  • People chose these jobs.
  • Freelancers like the flexibility.
  • Politicians have no right to say all those jobs aren't good enough.
  • Gonzales would not agree to an interview.
  • And now that there's a backlash, neither would the unions or any of the the seventy five law professors, political scientists, and sociologists who signed this letter in support of the law.
  • They're embarrassed that they made this huge mistake, that they supported something.
  • They aren't taking it back.
  • Well, there are politics at play, unfortunately.
  • No politician wants to admit he did something wrong.
  • Exactly.
  • No politician ever wants to admit that they did something wrong.
  • California's musicians did eventually get an exemption.
  • And California voters approved Proposition XXXII, which exempted Uber and Lyft.
  • But even with those exemptions, freelancers still lost jobs.
  • And it's not like most got jobs with benefits.
  • Labor force participation fell, too.
  • People have lost their jobs.
  • People are leaving the state.
  • Employers are saying, I'm sorry, I can't hire you.
  • You're from California now.
  • Yet now the Labor Department's forcing the rest of the country to be more like California?
  • President Biden wants to go even further.
  • Pass the PRO Act for workers' rights.
  • The most significant worker empowerment legislation since the Great Depression.
  • The PRO Act would reclassify the workers the way California did, but without the exemptions.
  • Why is Biden doing this?
  • Because unions want it.
  • I'm proud to be the most pro union president in American history.
  • Once again, politicians team up with special interests and take away our freedom.
  • Here at Sossel TV, we're libertarians.
  • We just want government to keep the peace and then leave us alone.