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Turkish election going to run-off vote

Video vocabulary

the

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US / ðə /

UK / ðə /

A1
  • article
  • Used to refer to something already mentioned
  • Used to show there is only one of something
  • determiner
  • Used to describe all of a family

be

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US / bɪ /

UK / bi /

A1
  • verb
  • Being

and

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US / ənd /

UK / ənd, ən,ænd /

A1
  • conjunction
  • Used to refer to two or more things
  • Plus; in addition; on top of that
  • Used to introduce an action that follows another

that

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US / ðæt /

UK / ðæt, ðət /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • The person or thing being talked about
  • Used to identify something both the speakers know
  • adverb
  • Used to reinforce adjectives and adverbs
  • To such a degree
  • conjunction
  • Used to connect a noun clause
  • Used to introduce an adverbial clause
  • Used to introduce a noun clause
  • determiner
  • Used as a noun to refer to something
  • pronoun
  • Referring an object far away
  • Used to refer to the relative pronoun ‘which’

have

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US / həv /

UK / hæv /

A1
  • verb
  • To drink, smoke, eat or use something
  • To experience the effects of something
  • To organize an event, or join in an activity
  • To own, possess, or hold something
  • To cause to happen or produce a particular effect

for

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US / fə(r) /

UK / fɔr,fə /

A1
  • preposition
  • Used to show the purpose, or need of something

you

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US / jʊ /

UK / ju /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Person someone is speaking or writing to
  • Person or people in general

this

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US / ðɪs /

UK / ðɪs /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Used to indicate something already been discussed
  • Used to indicate something happening around now
  • adverb
  • An indication by a physical motion or gesture
  • A specific amount of
  • determiner
  • Person, thing, or idea near you
  • pronoun
  • Person, thing that has already been discussed

with

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US / wɪð /

UK / wɪð, wɪθ /

A1
  • preposition
  • As an employee of a certain company
  • Against something or someone
  • By using something as a means
  • Due to; because of
  • Including
  • Possessing as a feature
  • Related to
  • (Of the manner/attitude by which you do something)
  • Used to express that people or things are together

about

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US / ə'baʊt /

UK / əˈbaʊt /

A1
  • adverb
  • To be ready to; going to
  • Nearly; approximately; roughly
  • Near; next to; close to
  • In every direction; in the area of
  • preposition
  • Concerning or of (a topic)

get

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US / ɡet /

UK / ɡɛt /

A1
  • verb
  • To become affected by illness or disease
  • To begin to feel or understand an emotion or idea
  • To send or bring someone or something home, etc.
  • To go somewhere to obtain something
  • To (cause to) do a particular thing
  • To obtain, receive or be given something
  • To currently have
  • To prepare for use
  • To understand something being said or read

but

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US / bət /

UK / bʌt,bət /

A1
  • conjunction
  • Used before you say something different, opposite

can

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US / kæn /

UK / kən,kæn /

A1
  • noun
  • A metal container for storing food
  • other
  • Able to; have the skill to; have the time to
  • verb
  • To have permission to
  • To be possible to do
  • To preserve food by sealing it in a metal container

what

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US / wɒt /

UK / hwɑt, hwʌt, wɔt, wʌt,hwət, wət /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Used to refer to a particular amount, or number
  • Used to place emphasis on a particular quality
  • adverb
  • To a certain degree
  • determiner
  • Question words used for asking for information
  • exclamation
  • Used to express excitement, shock, or surprise
  • Used to ask people to repeat something they said
  • pronoun
  • Thing or things that; the same kind as
  • Used to emphasize something you are about to say

do

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US / du: /

UK / du /

A1
  • other
  • Question words for 'do' verbs
  • verb
  • To act; to perform actions
  • To be enough; to be acceptable
  • To have a certain effect on something or someone

will

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US / wɪl /

UK / wɪl /

A1
  • noun
  • Desire or choice of someone
  • Document saying who gets your money when you die
  • Strong desire to do something; determination
  • Desire to do something; strong wish to do
  • other
  • Used with verbs to express the future
  • verb
  • To leave property to someone after your death
  • To use mental effort to make something happen
  • Am (is, are) likely to do
  • To influence someone to do something
  • To make something happen by strongly wanting it

go

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US / ɡəʊ /

UK / ɡo /

A1
  • noun
  • A turn in a game
  • verb
  • To attend or be at a place
  • To do an activity
  • To function properly
  • To move or travel to another place

one

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US / wʌn /

UK / wʌn /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Used to refer to people generally
  • Being a strong example of (something mentioned)
  • number
  • Number 1
  • pronoun
  • You; we; people in general; someone
  • The thing or person previously referred to

there

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US / ðɛə /

UK / ðɛr /

A1
  • adverb
  • Used to illustrate the existence of something
  • In a particular respect
  • In that place or position, at that location

from

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US / frəm /

UK / frʌm, frɑm,frəm /

A1
  • preposition
  • Starting at a particular place, time or level

know

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US / nəʊ /

UK / noʊ /

A1
  • verb
  • To be familiar with a person or place, thing
  • To feel sure or be convinced about something
  • To discover or be aware of something
  • To be able to distinguish
  • To have knowledge of things

time

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US / taɪm /

UK / taɪm /

A1
  • noun
  • Speed at which music is played; tempo
  • Point as shown on a clock, e.g. 3 p.m
  • Number of hours, minutes needed to do something
  • Occasion when something happens
  • Period or occasion that something occurred
  • Period in history or the past
  • Something measured in minutes, hours, days, etc.
  • How long an event takes; duration
  • verb
  • To check speed at which music is performed
  • To choose a specific moment to do something
  • To measure how long an event takes, e.g. a race
  • To schedule something to occur at a specific moment

more

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US / mɔ:(r) /

UK / mɔr, mor /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • In addition; extra
  • Greater in amount, number, or size
  • adverb
  • To a greater degree; in greater quantity
  • For a longer period of time
  • determiner
  • Additional quantity
  • pronoun
  • A greater or additional number

now

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US / naʊ /

UK / naʊ /

A1
  • adverb
  • At the present time or moment
  • Right away or in the next possible moment
  • Used to refer to something that just happened
  • Time between the present and a moment in the past
  • conjunction
  • Resulting from or because of something

some

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US / səm /

UK / sʌm /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Remarkable; very good (or very bad) in a way
  • Concerning a certain unclear degree, quantity
  • determiner
  • Used to refer to an unspecified amount or number
  • pronoun
  • Number of persons, things in a group, but not all

because

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US / bɪ'kɒz /

UK / bɪˈkɔz, -ˈkʌz /

A1
  • conjunction
  • For a reason

take

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US / teɪk /

UK / tek /

A1
  • noun
  • Filming of a single scene for TV or the movies
  • verb
  • To accept something that is offered
  • To use a method of traveling, e.g. a bus or train
  • To use a camera to make (a photo)
  • To pick up something and go away with it
  • To study a subject in school
  • To attempt to pass (an exam)
  • To require a certain amount of time, money, space

right

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US / raɪt /

UK / raɪt /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Correct or true
  • The south side of you looking at the rising sun
  • adverb
  • Exactly in a place or time
  • Being appropriate for a particular event
  • In a straight or direct manner
  • noun
  • Something you are legally or morally allowed to do
  • Ideal of what is just and good
  • Political view based on conservatism
  • verb
  • To fix something previously wrong or unjust
  • To make upright, as a boat that has turned over

really

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US / ˈri:əli /

UK / ˈriəˌli, ˈrili /

A1
  • adverb
  • Used to stress something that is said; definitely
  • In a true or accurate manner
  • Very

back

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US / bæk /

UK / bæk /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Farthest from the front e.g. in a classroom
  • adverb
  • Have returned to a place you were before
  • noun
  • The part of a chair that the upper body leans upon
  • Location at the rear of something
  • The reverse of side something
  • Area on the rear of your body
  • verb
  • To bet money on something
  • To go backwards in a car
  • To support and encourage someone or some cause

very

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US / 'verɪ /

UK / ˈvɛri /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Concerning a large degree or amount
  • adverb
  • A lot; much; many
  • Used to stress or emphasize a noun

even

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US / 'i:vn /

UK / ˈivən /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being equal in influence, power, possibility etc.
  • Being divided equally or fairly
  • (Of teams/contest) with similar chances of success
  • Smooth, level, or regular
  • Can be divided by 2; ending in 2, 4, 6, 8, or 0
  • At a regular, equally steady manner
  • Remaining steady and unchanging
  • adverb
  • (When this is surprising) as well; too
  • (Used to compare two things/stress the difference)
  • verb
  • To make something level; to flatten
  • To make something equal

people

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US / 'pi:pl /

UK / ˈpipəl /

A1
  • noun
  • Persons sharing culture, country, background, etc.
  • Men, Women, Children

who

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US / hu: /

UK / hu /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Which person
  • Used to introduce information about people

down

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US / daʊn /

UK / daʊn /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being sad, sick, or unhappy
  • Not operating, working, or functioning as expected
  • adverb
  • In a sitting or lying position
  • Towards or on the ground, floor, or bottom
  • Written or copied onto a piece of paper or book
  • noun
  • A period of play in American Football
  • The soft, smooth hairs that cover a bird's body
  • preposition
  • Along something's path, course, or direction
  • Going from a higher position to a lower position
  • verb
  • To eat or drink very quickly and without stopping

lot

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US / lɒt /

UK / lɑt /

A1
  • noun
  • What happens to a person in life from chance; fate
  • A group of people seen together
  • Item for sale at an auction
  • Small area of land used for a purpose e.g. parking

two

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US / tu: /

UK / tu /

A1
  • number
  • 2

try

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US / traɪ /

UK / traɪ /

A1
  • noun
  • Act of putting the ball over the rugby goal line
  • verb
  • To make an effort, to attempt to do something
  • To examine someone or something in a court of law
  • To test to see if it is good or you like it
  • To make a person go through hardship; test
  • To examine something to see if it works

than

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US / ðən /

UK / ðən /

A1
  • conjunction
  • Used to compare two things that are not equal

work

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US / wɜ:k /

UK / wɚk /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Activity completed in order to make money
  • noun
  • The product of some artistic or literary endeavor
  • Everything created by an author, artist, musician
  • Activity you do in order to make money
  • Place of employment
  • Final product or result of a some labor or effort
  • verb
  • To bring into a specific state of success
  • To be functioning properly, e.g. a car
  • To do your job in your company or workplace
  • To make an effort to do something
  • To operate a machine or device

those

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US / ðəʊz /

UK / ðoz /

A1
  • determiner
  • The people or things we are talking about
  • pronoun
  • The objects far from the speaker

tell

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US / tel /

UK / tɛl /

A1
  • verb
  • To (strongly) advise a person to do something
  • To be able to guess
  • To say or communicate information to someone
  • To inform, but without speaking; indicate
  • To have a negative effect on someone
  • To order someone to do something; command
  • To recognize something based on certain signs
  • To report something to an authority
  • To explain something or teach someone something

mean

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US / mi:n /

UK / min /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being good at
  • Nasty; unkind
  • Not liking to spend money; cheap; stingy
  • noun
  • Average of a set of numbers
  • verb
  • To express a particular idea or thought
  • To intend to do something in particular
  • To have a particular meaning or value

his

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US / hɪz /

UK / hɪz /

A1
  • pronoun
  • Something belonging to a male person

year

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US / jə: /

UK / jɪr /

A1
  • noun
  • Unit of time equal to 12 months or 365 or 366 days
  • Used to refer to the age of a person

last

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US / lɑ:st /

UK / læst /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Most recent; the latest
  • The one before
  • adverb
  • Final; with nothing following; after all others
  • Most recent; the latest
  • determiner
  • The one at the end
  • verb
  • To remain or continue for a certain period of time

bit

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US / bɪt /

UK / bɪt /

A1
  • noun
  • Device put in a horse's mouth to control it
  • Small piece of something
  • verb
  • (E.g. of fish) to take bait and be caught

watch

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US / wɒtʃ /

UK / wɑtʃ /

A1
  • noun
  • Period of time someone is responsible for guarding
  • Device you wear on your wrist that shows the time
  • Official warning statement, e.g. of bad weather
  • verb
  • To keep in check, manage, or control something
  • To look at something for entertainment, e.g. TV
  • To guard a place or people; protect child, etc.
  • To look at carefully to work out what is happening
  • To protect and care for someone or something

after

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US / 'ɑ:ftə(r) /

UK / ˈæftɚ /

A1
  • adverb
  • Later than another time, or behind something
  • conjunction
  • Following something before
  • preposition
  • When an event happened or time has passed

same

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US / seɪm /

UK / sem /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Being equal in quality and amount
  • Identical; not different
  • Not changing; constant

might

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US / maɪt /

UK / maɪt /

A1
  • other
  • Used to politely request an action
  • Used to express that something could happen
  • Power, strength, force or influence

help

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US / help /

UK / hɛlp /

A1
  • noun
  • Something given to enable a person to do something
  • Assistance given to someone in need
  • Someone who makes something easier or possible
  • verb
  • To act to enable a person to do something; assist
  • To make something better or less difficult

again

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US / ə'ɡen /

UK / əˈɡɛn /

A1
  • adverb
  • One more time, once more

already

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US / ɔ:lˈredi /

UK / ɔlˈrɛdi /

A1
  • adverb
  • Having happened or been done before this time

both

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US / bəuθ /

UK / boθ /

A1
  • determiner
  • Used to refer to two things at the same time
  • pronoun
  • Used to refer to two things at the same time

close

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US / kləʊz /

UK / kloʊz /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Almost; near
  • (Of a friend) well-known; liked by others
  • Being near or related
  • Similar; nearly the same
  • verb
  • To come progressively nearer to something
  • To end; to bring to an end
  • To make something shut; stop from being open

high

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US / haɪ /

UK / haɪ /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Excited or relaxed from taking drugs
  • Being of excellent quality or excellent standards
  • Larger than usual in number, amount or degree
  • Holding an important or powerful position
  • With a sound close to the top of the musical scale
  • Rising upward a great distance
  • adverb
  • At or to a place far above the ground
  • At a great value, amount or price
  • In a way that shows a lot of wealth
  • noun
  • (Weather) area of increased pressure

may

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US / meɪ /

UK / me /

A1
  • noun
  • 5th month of the year
  • other
  • Used to express a desire
  • Expresses permission, possibility or probability
  • Used to show that a thing could be true

head

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US / hed /

UK / hɛd /

A1
  • noun
  • Counter for the number of cattle
  • Natural mental ability or intelligence
  • Leader or person with the greatest authority
  • Mind; mental ability; mental state
  • Side of a coin with a head on it
  • Top part of your body with eyes and a mouth
  • Starting point of something, e.g. a river
  • verb
  • To hit a ball with your head in a game
  • To be first or at the front or top (e.g. a list)
  • To travel or move toward a particular place; To go in a particular direction
  • To become the leader of something
  • To lead or be responsible for something

believe

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US / bɪ'li:v /

UK / bɪˈliv /

A1
  • verb
  • To think or accept that something is true
  • To have a particular opinion about something

between

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US / bɪˈtwi:n /

UK / bɪˈtwin /

A1
  • preposition
  • From one person, thing, or place, to another
  • In the space that separates two objects
  • Among two or more people who share something

seem

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US / si:m /

UK / sim /

A1
  • verb
  • To appear to be something

week

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US / wi:k /

UK / wik /

A1
  • noun
  • Period of seven days from Sunday to Saturday

quite

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US / kwaɪt /

UK / kwaɪt /

A1
  • adverb
  • Not very; fairly
  • Very; In a complete or total manner

win

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US / wɪn /

UK / wɪn /

A1
  • noun
  • Success in beating the other team or competitors
  • Success in a game or contest
  • verb
  • To get something as a prize because of a success
  • To gain something you want because of your efforts
  • To succeed in a game or contest

fall

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US / fɔ:l /

UK / fɔl /

A1
  • noun
  • Season after summer and before winter; Autumn
  • A drop in amount; decrease
  • Dropping from a standing position to the ground
  • verb
  • To drop in amount; to decrease
  • To come down from a higher position suddenly
  • To go from standing to the ground, by accident

course

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US / kɔː(r)s /

UK / kɔː(r)s /

A2
  • noun
  • The route or direction e.g. a river moves along
  • A series of lessons given over time
  • Part of a meal that is served separately
  • Place where horses etc. race against each other
  • Route or direction that a river, etc. moves along
  • verb
  • To flow somewhere rapidly and in great quantity

stand

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US / stænd /

UK / stænd /

A1
  • noun
  • Effort to fight against something
  • Piece of furniture; device to hold or support
  • Place in a stadium where spectators watch
  • Table where things are sold at a fair or market
  • verb
  • To be a candidate in an election
  • To be able to accept someone, something; bear
  • To last for a long time
  • To be upright; not be sitting or lying down
  • To place something in a particular position; place
  • To be (as stated)
  • To still be valid
  • To have an opinion about something

fact

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US / fækt /

UK / fækt /

A1
  • noun
  • Something that is known or proved to be true

night

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US / naɪt /

UK / naɪt /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Working during the very early morning
  • noun
  • Time when sun does not shine

deal

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US / di:l /

UK / dil /

A1
  • verb
  • To cope with something - usually troubles
  • To give (something bad e.g. news) to
  • To buy and sell illegal drugs
  • To give out (cards, etc.) to; distribute
  • To do business with someone or to sell products

allow

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US / əˈlaʊ /

UK / əˈlaʊ /

A1
  • verb
  • To admit the validity or truth of something
  • To let or permit someone do something

mind

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US / maɪnd /

UK / maɪnd /

A1
  • noun
  • One's opinion or way of thinking about something
  • Part of humans that allows us to think or feel
  • verb
  • To be bothered or upset by something
  • To take care of someone e.g. as a bodyguard

power

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US / 'paʊə(r) /

UK / ˈpaʊɚ /

A1
  • noun
  • Legal or official right to perform certain actions
  • Ability to move forcefully and quickly
  • Energy of something (e.g. electricity or fuel)
  • Mathematical way to multiply a number
  • Condition of being in political control
  • Physical force, energy, and strength
  • verb
  • To give energy to something, e.g. by electricity
  • To move something forcefully and quickly

expect

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US / ɪk'spekt /

UK / ɪkˈspɛkt /

A1
  • verb
  • To believe something is probably going to happen

grow

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US / ɡrəʊ /

UK / ɡro /

A1
  • verb
  • To get bigger and more mature; make plants do this
  • To improve; to develop better skills over time
  • To develop and become bigger or taller over time

rest

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US / rest /

UK / rɛst /

A1
  • noun
  • Time when one relaxes, sleeps, or is inactive
  • State in which there is a lack of motion
  • Part of something remaining after some was used
  • verb
  • To stop working or avoid activity to recover
  • (Of dead person) to lie in a grave
  • To lean, support or place something against
  • To not be tired because you had enough sleep

outside

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US / ˌaʊtˈsaɪd /

UK / aʊtˈsaɪd, ˈaʊtˌsaɪd /

A2
  • adverb
  • Beyond the limits or edges of some place, thing
  • noun
  • Area around or near something, such as a building
  • preposition
  • Beyond the limits or edges of some place, thing

country

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US / ˈkʌntri /

UK / ˈkʌntri /

A1
  • noun
  • An area of land that is controlled by a government
  • Open land that is away from towns and cities

often

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US / ˈɔfən /

UK / ˈɔfən,ˈɑfən,ˈɔftən,ˈɑf- /

A1
  • adverb
  • Many times; frequently; on many occasions

strong

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US / strɒŋ /

UK / strɔŋ /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • (Of tea or beer) dark or thick
  • Having big muscles; physically powerful

short

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US / ʃɔ:t /

UK / ʃɔrt /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Measuring a small distance
  • Happening for a small amount of time
  • Unfriendly or rude
  • adverb
  • Less than what is needed
  • Suddenly stopping what you are saying or doing
  • noun
  • Burning out of an electric current
  • verb
  • (Of electric circuit) to spark because faulty

join

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US / dʒɔɪn /

UK / dʒɔɪn /

A1
  • verb
  • To bring something close to another, to become one
  • To become a member of
  • To participate in an activity with others

news

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US / nju:z /

UK / nu:z /

A1
  • noun
  • Broadcast on radio or TV about recent events
  • Information about recent events

player

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US / ˈpleɪə(r) /

UK / ˈpleɚ /

A1
  • noun
  • Machine that plays recorded material
  • Person who plays a musical instrument
  • Person who plays games on devices
  • Person who plays sports

black

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US / blæk /

UK / blæk /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Color of the sky on a dark night
  • noun
  • A person with dark skin, often of African origin
  • Person's name
  • verb
  • To fill in something to make it a very dark color

main

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US / meɪn /

UK / men /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Most important; most often used

towards

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US / tə'wɔ:dz /

UK / 'təuədz, twɔ:dz /

A1
  • preposition
  • In the direction of someone or something

goal

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US / ɡəʊl /

UK / ɡol /

A2
  • noun
  • Something you try to do or achieve; an aim
  • (Sports) net into which you put a ball to score
  • (Sports) act of scoring by putting a ball in a net

party

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US / 'pɑ:tɪ /

UK / ˈpɑrti /

A1
  • noun
  • Social event often with food, drinks and dancing
  • Group of people who travel, do something together
  • One side in a legal action or conflict
  • Official political group
  • verb
  • To attend, meet, gather at an event to have fun

certainly

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US / ˈsə:tnli /

UK / ˈsɚtnli /

A1
  • adverb
  • Sure; of course

member

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US / ˈmembə(r) /

UK / ˈmɛmbɚ /

A1
  • noun
  • Part of the body of a human, animal
  • Person or thing belonging to a group or team

tough

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US / tʌf /

UK / tʌf /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • (Of food) difficult to chew or bite through
  • Very difficult to do or deal with
  • Having strict standards
  • Being firm and not easily bent or broken
  • Being strong physically or mentally
  • Being difficult to persuade
  • Capable of violence

nearly

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US / ˈniəli /

UK / ˈnɪrli /

A1
  • adverb
  • Not completely; almost

require

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US / rɪ'kwaɪə(r) /

UK / rɪˈkwaɪr /

A2
  • verb
  • To demand that someone does something
  • To need to do something, to make it necessary

battle

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US / 'bætl /

UK / ˈbætl /

A2
  • noun
  • Military fight between armies
  • Working hard to stop something; struggle
  • verb
  • To fight or struggle against someone or something
  • To work hard to stop something; struggle

promise

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US / 'prɒmɪs /

UK / ˈprɑmɪs /

A1
  • verb
  • To say you will certainly do something

relationship

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US / rɪˈleɪʃnʃɪp /

UK / rɪˈleʃənˌʃɪp /

A2
  • noun
  • Connection between two or more people or things
  • Way people interact or live with each other
  • Romantic or loving friendship between two people

fail

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US / feɪl /

UK / fel /

A1
  • noun
  • A mark on a test showing you did not pass
  • verb
  • To be unsuccessful in passing a class or exam
  • To not do or provide something that is needed
  • To stop working or functioning; to break down
  • To not achieve a goal, or to go wrong

decade

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US / ˈdekeɪd /

UK / ˈdɛkˌed, dɛˈked /

B1
  • noun
  • Period of 10 years

suggest

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US / səˈdʒest /

UK / səɡˈdʒɛst, səˈdʒɛst /

A1
  • verb
  • To mention something that could be done; propose

president

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US / ˈprezɪdənt /

UK / ˈprɛzɪdənt,-ˌdɛnt /

A2
  • noun
  • Person in charge of a country, or organization

standard

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US / 'stændəd /

UK / ˈstændəd /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Being the accepted normal level of quality
  • (Of a language) being the most accepted in a place
  • noun
  • Official unit of measuring something
  • Principle of behaving in a moral way

possibly

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US / ˈpɒsəbli /

UK / ˈpɑ:səbli /

A1
  • adverb
  • May be true or likely, but is uncertain

leader

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US / ˈli:də(r) /

UK / ˈlidɚ /

A1
  • noun
  • Person who is in charge of a group or task
  • Person or group who is currently winning

reduce

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US / rɪ'dju:s /

UK / rɪˈdus, -ˈdjus /

A2
  • verb
  • To try to decrease, e.g. your weight if overweight
  • To boil a liquid until it has decreased in amount
  • To make something smaller in size, amount, level

political

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US / pəˈlɪtɪkl /

UK / pəˈlɪtɪkəl /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Being active or interested in government matters
  • Diplomatic
  • Of the system of elections and government
  • Concerning government or public affairs
  • Involved in getting of power/influence in a group

vote

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US / vəʊt /

UK / vot /

A2
  • noun
  • Act of deciding who to choose in an election
  • verb
  • To make a choice for or against, as in an election

percent

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US / pə'sent /

UK / pɚˈsɛnt /

A2
  • adverb
  • One one-hundredth of a whole; the symbol %

united

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US / jʊ'naɪtɪd /

UK / juˈnaɪtɪd /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Joined or combined together
  • verb
  • To join or come together for the same goal

frame

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US / freɪm /

UK / frem /

A2
  • noun
  • Structure that holds a picture or photo
  • A person's body shape determined by their skeleton
  • Main part of structures supporting the other parts
  • verb
  • To make a person that is not guilty appear guilty
  • To put say or write something in a careful way
  • To put a picture in a protective structure

sea

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US / si: /

UK / si: /

A1
  • noun
  • Very large group of people, similar-looking things
  • Large body of salty water with land around it

victory

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US / 'vɪktərɪ /

UK / ˈvɪktəri /

B1
  • noun
  • Defeating or beating someone or something

defeat

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US / dɪ'fi:t /

UK / dɪˈfit /

B1
  • noun
  • When you lose a fight, game or competition
  • verb
  • To beat an enemy, team, disease

secure

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US / sɪ'kjʊə(r) /

UK / sɪˈkjʊr /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Being attached to something tightly and surely
  • (Place that is) locked, guarded and safe
  • verb
  • To get or achieve something with certainty
  • To firmly attach something to something else
  • To protect from danger or harm, keep things safe

flick

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US / flɪk /

UK / flɪk /

B1
  • noun
  • Hitting something with your finger to move it
  • verb
  • To hit something with your finger to move it
  • To move a button, switch from on, off positions

central

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US / 'sentrəl /

UK / ˈsɛntrəl /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Being in the middle
  • Most significant or important

election

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US / ɪ'lekʃn /

UK / ɪˈlɛkʃən /

B1
  • noun
  • Process of choosing someone by voting

bank

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US / bæŋk /

UK / bæŋk /

A1
  • noun
  • A financial institution that keeps or lends money
  • The side of a river
  • A row of things in lines (e.g. computers)
  • verb
  • To put or keep your money in a bank
  • To turn a plane when flying; (of a plane) to turn

somewhat

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US / ˈsʌmwɒt /

UK / ˈsʌmwʌt /

B1
  • adverb
  • Rather; kind of (but not great)

neither

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US / ˈnaɪðə(r) /

UK / ˈniðɚ, ˈnaɪ- /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Not one or the other not either none of two things
  • adverb
  • Similarly not, also not
  • conjunction
  • Not in either case
  • determiner
  • Not one or the other
  • pronoun
  • Not either one

port

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US / pɔ:t /

UK / pɔrt, port /

B1
  • noun
  • City where ships can shelter during a storm
  • Left side of a ship when facing forward
  • Opening in a computer where wires can be connected
  • Sweet wine that is produced in Portugal
  • verb
  • To move data from one computer system to another

accuse

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US / ə'kju:z /

UK / əˈkjuz /

A2
  • verb
  • To claim that someone has done something wrong

citizen

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US / 'sɪtɪzn /

UK / ˈsɪtɪzən /

B1
  • noun
  • Person who belongs to and has rights in a country

emerge

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US / ɪ'mɜ:dʒ /

UK / ɪˈmɚdʒ /

A2
  • verb
  • To rise or appear out of some background

joe

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US / /

UK / /

A1
  • noun
  • An ordinary man.

closely

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US / 'kləʊslɪ /

UK / ˈkloslɪ /

A2
  • adverb
  • In a careful manner
  • Nearby; just next to

candidate

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US / ˈkændɪdət /

UK / ˈkændɪˌdet, -dɪt /

B1
  • noun
  • Politician who is running for public office

declare

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US / dɪ'kleə(r) /

UK / dɪˈklɛr /

A2
  • verb
  • To make a statement in a strong and confident way
  • To show the cost of things purchased overseas
  • To say something in an official or sure way

critic

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US / 'krɪtɪk /

UK / ˈkrɪtɪk /

A2
  • noun
  • Person who judges (e.g. art) and gives opinions

momentum

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US / mə'mentəm /

UK / moˈmɛntəm /

B2
  • noun
  • Speed or force that is gained when something moves

praise

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US / preɪz /

UK / preɪz /

B1
  • noun
  • Expression of approval of something/someone
  • Expression of thanks, respect, and love
  • verb
  • To express approval of something or someone
  • To express thanks, respect, and love

union

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US / 'ju:nɪən /

UK / ˈjunjən /

A2
  • noun
  • Act of joining two or more things into one
  • Marriage
  • Organization of workers to look after their needs

rival

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US / 'raɪvl /

UK / 'raɪvl /

A2
  • adjecitve
  • Matching the quality, skill, et. of others
  • Opposing; being the team you compete against
  • noun
  • Someone you are competing against/trying to beat
  • verb
  • To be nearly as good as others in quality, skill
  • To be in opposition often as competitors

stake

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US / steɪk /

UK / stek /

B1
  • noun
  • Share/interest in the success of a business, etc.
  • Money bet in a game that can be won or lost
  • The share you have in a company
  • Post stuck in the ground you can tie things to
  • verb
  • To bet or wager on an outcome
  • To risk something important by taking a risk

europe

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US / ˈjʊərəp /

UK / ˈjʊrəp /

A1
  • noun
  • A continent including Germany, France and Spain
  • other
  • The second smallest continent (actually a vast peninsula of Eurasia); the British use 'Europe' to re

european

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US / ˌjʊərəˈpiːən /

UK / ˌjʊrəˈpiːən /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Concerning the culture and people of Europe
  • noun
  • Person from Europe

poll

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US / pəʊl /

UK / pol /

B1
  • noun
  • Process of gathering opinions by asking questions
  • Polls where you go to cast your vote in elections
  • When votes are cast in an election
  • verb
  • To ask a group of people in a vote or election

biden

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US / baɪd /

UK / baɪd /

A1

democratic

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US / ˌdeməˈkrætɪk /

UK / ˌdɛməˈkrætɪk /

B2
  • adjecitve
  • (Of government) giving the people power, a vote
  • Having certain aspects of democracy

presidential

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US / ˌprezɪ'denʃl /

UK / ˌprɛzɪˈdɛnʃəl /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Concerning the president

russia

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US / 'rʌʃə /

UK / 'rʌʃə /

A1
  • proper noun
  • A country in northern Asia and eastern Europe; population 143,500,000 (estimated 2015); capital, Mos

voter

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US / ˈvəʊtə(r) /

UK / ˈvotɚ /

B1
  • noun
  • Person who can vote in an election

opposition

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US / ˌɒpəˈzɪʃn /

UK / ˌɑ:pəˈzɪʃn /

B1
  • noun
  • Act of disagreeing or trying to stop something
  • Group that you are fighting or competing against

turkey

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US / ˈtɜ:ki /

UK / ˈtɜ:rki /

C1
  • noun
  • Edible bird resembling a large chicken
  • other
  • An event that fails badly or is totally ineffectual
  • Flesh of large domesticated fowl usually roasted

grain

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US / greɪn /

UK / ɡren /

B1
  • noun
  • Seeds of plants used for food
  • Natural pattern in something, e.g. wood
  • Very small piece of something such as sand, truth
  • Unit of weight based on a piece of wheat

ukraine

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US / ju:'kreɪn /

UK / ju:'kreɪn /

A1
  • other
  • A republic in southeastern Europe; formerly a European soviet; the center of the original Russian st

regional

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US / ˈri:dʒənl /

UK / ˈridʒənəl /

B1
  • adjecitve
  • Of a particular area, not the whole of a country

disappointment

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US / ˌdɪsəˈpɔɪntmənt /

UK / ˌdɪsəˈpɔɪntmənt /

B2
  • noun
  • Feeling or state of not being satisfied

export

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US / ˈekspɔ:t /

UK / ˈekspɔ:rt /

A2
  • noun
  • When goods are sold to another country
  • verb
  • To send goods to be sold in another country

independence

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US / ˌɪndɪ'pendəns /

UK / ˌɪndɪˈpɛndəns /

A2
  • noun
  • Having the freedom to make your own decisions

interfere

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US / ˌɪntə'fɪə(r) /

UK / ˌɪntɚˈfɪr /

B1
  • verb
  • To get involved in something not your business

headquarter

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US / 'hed'kwɔ:tə /

UK / 'hed'kwɔ:tə /

B1
  • noun
  • Main office of a company or organisation

alliance

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US / əˈlaɪəns /

UK / əˈlaɪəns /

B1
  • noun
  • Group of people/organizations working together

pivotal

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US / ˈpɪvətl /

UK / ˈpɪvətl /

B2
  • adjecitve
  • Having a lot of importance

nato

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US / ˈneɪtəʊ /

UK / ˈneɪtoʊ /

A1
  • abbreviation
  • NATO is an acronym

erode

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US / ɪ'rəʊd /

UK / ɪˈrod /

B1
  • verb
  • To destroy something gradually; be destroyed thus
  • To wear away gradually by water, ice or wind

stuart

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US / stjuət /

UK / ˈstuət, ˈstju- /

A1
  • other
  • A member of the royal family that ruled Scotland and England
  • The royal family that ruled Scotland from - and ruled England from to and again from to

incumbent

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US / ɪn'kʌmbənt /

UK / ɪnˈkʌmbənt /

C1
  • noun
  • A person who holds a particular office or position

turnout

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US / ˈtɜ:naʊt /

UK / ˈtə:nˌaʊt /

C2
  • noun
  • Outward rotation of a dancer's leg from the hip

turkish

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US / ˈtɜ:kɪʃ /

UK / ˈtə:kɪʃ /

A1
  • adjecitve
  • Concerning the culture and people of Turkey

judiciary

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US / dʒʊ'dɪʃərɪ /

UK / dʒuˈdɪʃiˌɛri, -ˈdɪʃəri /

B2
  • noun
  • System of judges and courts in a country

negotiator

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US / nɪˈgəʊʃieɪtə(r) /

UK / nɪˈɡoʃɪˌetɚ /

B1
  • noun
  • Person holding a discussion to reach agreement

runoff

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US / 'rʌnˌɔ:f /

UK / ˈrʌnˌɔf, -ˌɑf /

C2
  • noun
  • A second election to find a winner

middleman

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US / ˈmɪdlmæn /

UK / ˈmɪdlˌmæn /

C2
  • noun
  • Someone who buys many goods and resells to others

istanbul

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US / ˌistænˈbu:l /

UK / ˌɪstænˈbul, -tɑn-, ɪˈstɑnbʊl /

A1
  • proper noun
  • A port in Turkey on the Bosporus that straddles Europe and Asia; population 10,757,300 (est. 2007).

erdogan

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US / /

UK / /

A1

autocracy

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US / ɔ:ˈtɒkrəsi /

UK / ɔ:ˈtɑ:krəsi /

C1
  • noun
  • Government by one person with unlimited power

tayyip

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US / /

UK / /

A1

cbc

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US / /

UK / /

A1
  • abbreviation
  • Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.

fractious

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US / ˈfrækʃəs /

UK / ˈfrækʃəs /

C1
  • adjecitve
  • Hard to control; becoming troublesome

recep

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US / /

UK / /

A1
  • noun
  • A reception room. Also (with plural agreement): reception rooms.
  • Reception.

briar

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US / 'braɪə(r) /

UK / ˈbraɪɚ /

C1
  • noun
  • Type of climbing rose with bright red hips
  • Introduction to Video Content
  • The Turkish presidential election is headed for a runoff vote as neither the incumbent nor his main rival secured more than 50 percent of the vote. Turkish citizens will be going back to the polls on May 28th, marking one of the toughest political battles in decades. The voter turnout was nearly 89 percent, and now the momentum seems to be with Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who has been in power for 20 years. The opposition parties, forming a six-party alliance, aimed to defeat Erdogan, but their leader, Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu, fell short of expectations. Erdogan currently stands at about 44 percent of the vote. This election is considered pivotal by many, with criticism of Erdogan's autocratic leadership and erosion of democratic standards. The election is closely watched by other countries, as Turkey is a regional player and a member of NATO with a complicated relationship with some nations. Erdogan has even accused U.S. President Joe Biden of interfering in the election. Additionally, Turkey has a growing relationship with Russia.
  • Subtitles section
  • Turkey's presidential election is headed for a runoff.
  • Both the incumbent and his main rival failed to win 50 percent of the vote.
  • That means Turkish citizens will be heading back to the polls on May 28th.
  • As the CBC's Briar Stewart tells us, it's one of the toughest political battles in decades.
  • After a very high voter turnout of nearly 89 percent, Turkish citizens will be heading back to the polls in two weeks time.
  • That's because neither presidential candidate got the required more than 50 percent to declare victory.
  • Now the momentum really does seem to be resting with Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who's already been in power in Turkey for 20 years.
  • I was down at the opposition headquarters last night.
  • I can tell you there was quite a bit of disappointment.
  • You have a six-party alliance of opposition parties that united with the goal of defeating Erdogan.
  • The leader of the alliance was Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu.
  • And in a lot of people's minds, he fell short of what was expected.
  • Certainly falling short of what some of the polls had suggested he might win.
  • Right now he stands at about 44 percent of the vote.
  • A lot of people in Turkey are framing this as a pivotal election.
  • Critics of Erdogan believe that he has taken the country towards an autocracy and eroded some of the democratic standards in this country.
  • You know, reduced the independence of the central bank and the judiciary.
  • And of course, outside of the country, this election is being watched very closely.
  • Turkey is a regional player.
  • It is a member of the NATO alliance.
  • And it often has a fractious relationship with some of those countries.
  • In fact, Erdogan has accused U.S. President Joe Biden of trying to interfere in the Turkish election.
  • At the same time, Turkey has a strong, growing relationship with Russia.
  • And Erdogan has emerged as somewhat of a middleman, even a negotiator, between Ukraine and Russia.
  • He was praised for his work in helping to secure a grain deal that allowed grain to be exported from the Black Sea ports.
  • At the same time, the opposition has promised to try to take this country closer to Europe, possibly even joining the European Union.
  • So there is a lot at stake, but Turkish voters are going to have to head to the polls again on May 28th.
  • Briar Stewart, CBC News, Istanbul.